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french revolution tried to create a new ______ and a new ______
political order and a new social order
-.5-1% of whole population
-owned 10% of land
-NO TAXES (or taille)
*members of aristocratic families
*shared intrests of nobility
*often very poor
*from class of commeners
- 1.5 - 2% of whole population
-owned 25% of land
-held leading positions in
*higher church offices
-NO TAXES (or taille)
-97-98% of whole population
-owned 65% of land
-many different groups
-8% of total population (2.3 mil. ppl)
-owned 20-25% of land
-lawyers, doctors, merchants, bankers, etc.
how did bourgeoisie feel about nobles?
-unhappy w/ their privaledges of RELICS OF FEUDALISM
-unhappy that they had no taxes
-unhappy that they could nver hold positions that the nobles could just bc of their name
-boug. was very smart/educated from enlightenment but mad bc they couldnt do what nobles could
-bad harvest in 1788 and 89
-poor =~ 1/3 of population
french government"s contribution to financial issues
-spent enormous sums on luxeries
-helped conlonists in war against Britain
third estate mad...
bc they had millions more people than the other estates but still only got 1 vote. This would have made the 3rd estate have a big magority. the 2nd and 1st estates would always out vote them 2-1
Tennis court oath
the national assembly went to have a meeting, but at their meeting place they found the doors locked. they went to a nearby tennis court and swore there that they would continue to meet unit they produced a French constitution.
Storm of the Bastille
july 14,1789- a mob of paris commeners stormed the bastille (a prison and armory). they dismanteled it brick by brick and let the prisoners loose to paris
the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen (TDOTROMATC)
-august 26, 1789
-national assembly wrote it
-inspired by the american constitution, Dec. of Ind. and English bill of rights
march for bread to versailles
- tousands of parisian women marched to versailles (where the king was staying) and demanded that they king accept the new decrees and described how their kids were starving
-they also insisted that they royal family retrn to Paris
-Nation assembly seized and sold church's land
-church was secularized
-bishops and preists were elected by people and paid by govn't
-many catholics became enemies of the revolution
war with austria
- austria and prussia threatened to use force to put louis XVI back in power
-insulted by the threat, the legislative branch called war on them in 1792
-organized a mob
-took king captive
-forced legislative branch to suspend monarchy and call for a national convintial
-minister of justice
-led the sans-culottes <---------
-jean-paul marat also helped---^
-represented provinces (areas outside of the cities)
-LEANED TOWARD KEEPING THE KING, because they feared the radical mobs.
Committee of public saftey (cops)
-committee of 12
-led by georges danton then maximilien Robespierre
reign of terror
-roughly a year: 1793-1794
-cops took complete control
-close to 40,000 people were killed
-16,000 out of the 40k were killed by the guillotine (including marie anoinette and de gouges)
-saint taken out of street names
-preists encouaged to marry
-Notre Dame was deignated as the Temple of Reason
-calenders didn't start from 1ad. they started from september 22, 1792
-most didn't accept these new orders and robespierre realized that france was still very catholic
death of robespierre
-on july 28,1794 the national assembly condemned him to death bc they feared him.
2 cambers of legislative assembly
-council of 500
-council of elders
-accepted or rejected the porposed laws
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