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Chapter 8 Lerille

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After Jesus rose from the dead, what was the last promise that he had to fulfill?
He still needed to send the Holy Spirit
For _______________ days after the resurrection, Jesus remained on earth, teaching his disciples.
40
Of what did the ministry of the disciples consist?
They were to restore the Kingdom of David. They were also told to make disciples of all nations, baptizing in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to observe all that the Lord had taught them.
Why did the disciples and Jesus' mother remain in Jerusalem between the Ascension of Jesus and Pentecost?
Jerusalem was David's capital and the baptism of the Holy Spirit was yet to come. Prophets had promised that it would be the capital of a new, greater kingdom!
Once established, how is the new kingdom to be governed?
Jesus reigns as king from Heaven while his royal ministers (the apostles) remain on earth to handle the earthly affairs of the Kingdom
Why did the eleven Apostles see a need to replace Judas?
The 12 apostles correspond to the twelve tribes of Israel. They need to replace Judas so that the group would again be complete
Explain the relationship between the Apostles and the bishop of your diocese?
Every Catholic bishop is, by his office, a successor to the Apostles. "We believe in one holy, catholic and apostolic church." The authority of any bishop of any given diocese comes directly from the authority that Jesus gave the apostles.
8. The Word Pentecost comes from the Greek word meaning __________________.
fifty
What did the Jews celebrate during their feast of the Passover?
They celebrated the fiftieth day after leaving Egypt, when God gave them the Law. (the 10 commandments)
When St. Peter and the rest of the Apostles began to speak in many languages of the visitors who were in Jerusalem, what did their audience think?
They thought that they were drunk
God is joined to humanity through his Son, who is fully human and fully divine. How does this covenantal relationship endure until the end of time?
Christ remains present in the world primarily through his Church and through the presence of the Holy Spirit in the Church
"The sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispended to us..."(CCC 1131) With this in mind, what does it mean to say that the Church is a sacrament?
The Church is a channel of grace. She was instituted by Christ and through it divine life is dispensed to us.
What does it mean that St. Peter, like Jesus, taught with authority?
Peter spoke the truth on behalf of God
What 3 activities identified the earliest Christian community in Jerusalem?
They celebrated the Eucharist, listened to the teachings of the Apostles, and shared everything they owned
The chief priests were insulted that uneducated and common men would assume the authority to teach them. What happened that kept them from taking action against the Apostles?
Peter had heal a crippled person. The man whom he healed stood w/ the Apostles before the Jewish religious leaders. This made it impossible for the chief priest to do anything against the Apostles at this point, but give them a warning.
By what authority did St. Peter make the important decisions of the early Christian community?
He had been given that charism by Jesus himself, when he said, "you are Peter and upon this rock I will build my church... I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven..."
_________________ was the earliest name for the Christian movement?
The way
How was St. Stephen martyred?
He was stoned to death for committing blasphemy
What happened to the Christian community after the martyrdom of St. Stephen?
A full persecution of Christians by the Jewish authorities ensued
What was the net effect of the persecution of the Christian community?
The Christians fled Jerusalem but then settled in the surrounding areas. The persecution had the effect of spreading the Christian Faith
_____________ was a major figure in the persecutions of the Christians. He later became known as _______________
Saul, Paul
From the beginning, what set Christians apart as Christians?
The celebration of the Eucharist
Explain how the first Christians saw themselves?
They still considered themselves to be Jews, but accepted Jesus as the promised Messiah. They still went to the synagogue and the temple.
After what significant event did the Jewish authorities finally expel the Christians from the Jewish faith?
After the destruction of the Temple in AD 70
How does the Mass still preserve the practice of the early Christians?
The early Christians would go on Saturday to the synagogue to hear the Scripture. This is like the Liturgy of the Word at mass. Then, on Sunday mornings, the day of the Resurrection, they would gather at someone's house to celebrate the Eucharist. This is like the Liturgy of the Eucharist
What is the dilemma that St. Philip faced when the eunuch asked to be baptized?
If Eunuchs were not allowed to become Jews, and if one had to be Jewish before becoming a Christian, the Eunuch would not be allowed to be baptized
How does St. Philip resolve the problem?
He listens to God, follows the promptings of the Holy Spirit and baptizes the Ethiopian
Where was Saul born?
He was born in Tarsus of Cilicia
How would you describe Saul's ethnic background?
He was a Jew but also a citizen of the Roman Empire
_______________ was Saul's great Jewish teacher
Gamaliel
In what academic disciplines was Saul educated?
He learned the Hebrew Scripture as well as the Greek literature and philosophy
Aside from his good education, in what practical trade did Saul work?
He was a tent maker
Partly from extra biblical sources, and partly from his own writings, what do we know about Saul's physical person?
He wasn't a very good looking, short, and not a good speaker
Describe the main challenge Saul faced with respect to his Christians. How was this overcome?
Because Saul was a known persecutor of the Christians, he was not trusted. The Christians were afraid it was a ruse to imprison them. Thanks to Barnabas he came to believe and be accepted by the apostles and Christians
Name the 2 Christians who helped Saul in his conversions to Christianity?
St. Barnabas and St. Ananias
Who were the "Proselytes at the Gate"?
A Gentile who worshiped the True God but had not been circumcised or fully adopted the ways of Judaism
Briefly explain St. Peter's own religious experience?
St. Peter had been a Jew. Over a period of time he came to believe in Jesus as the fulfillment of all the promises made by God to the Jewish people.
Given St. Peter's religious experience, along with the rest of the Apostles, what would seem to be the reasonable way for a Gentile to become a Christian?
Gentiles would have to become Jews first and then Christians
As he engaged the Gentiles, how was St. Peter's way of thinking being challenged?
God was showing St. peter through visions and experiences that Jews and Gentiles could be baptized together. (St. Cornelius)
What were the 3 largest cities of the Roman Empire?
Rome, Alexandria, Egypt, and Antioch
The city of _____________ was the first great center of Christianity outside of Jerusalem?
Antioch
In Antioch the followers of Jesus were for the first time called
Christians
We see on the Acts of the Apostles that St. Peter had come to the conclusion that non-Jews could become Christians by simply being baptized. What awkward thing happened between St. Peter and his Gentile convert friends?
Some people with no authority to do so, came to Antioch saying that anyone wanting to become a Christian had to adopt Judaism first. Upon hearing this, St. Peter, who up to that point had been eating and associating with the Gentile converts, backed away from them.
How does St. Paul respond to all this?
He confronts St. Peter directly and publicly and challenges him to be consistent with his actions with the Gentiles.
Finally, the main figures in the early Church, St. Peter, St. Paul, and St. James, resolve the issue, once and for all, as to what should be done with Gentiles who want to become Christians. How do they do it?
They convoke a council and with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, set policy. They conclude that the Gentiles should not be burdened with the details of the Law of Moses, but they should abstain from meat that was sacrificed as idols, from blood of animals when strangled, and from unchasity. (fornication)
What was this meeting called?
Council of Jerusalem
Make a list of at least 4 aspects of St. Paul's background that he used to his advantage as a proclaimer of the Gospel?
He could speak to the Romans and Greeks b/c of his education, he understood logic, he knew scripture well, and he was a Roman Citizen.
Explain what is meant by the Law as our custodian or pedagogue.
The Law was to keep the Jews out of trouble until ready for the freedom in Christ
Does this mean that we are free to disregard things like the 10 Commandments?
We still obey the 10 commandments but we obey them and the rest of the moral imperatives set out by Jesus out of love for what he has done for us.
St. Paul does not propose that the Law of Moses be completely abandoned or thrown out. Yet, he wants to show how we are freed from it. How does the Law of Moses bring condemnation to us?
The Laws of Moses gives us good rules to live by but does not give us the means (grace) to do so
What does justified or justification mean?
It means made right, or put into a right relationship with God, clean from sin, and ready to receive God's promises
Why can we never earn justification through the Law of Moses?
The Law teaches us that we are sinners and the Law cannot make us righteous
How does God remedy the situation that we cannot earn justification for ourselves through the Law of Moses or any other human means?
God gives us justification as a gift, paid for by the Blood of Jesus on the Cross
What critical piece of writing do we have from the New Testament that describes the relationship between faith and good works, and, briefly what does it does it say?
A letter from St. James tells us that "faith without works is dead"
Why did Jesus have to die?
God is perfect, making his justice perfect. Therefore, the penalty for sin must be paid. Since we are incapable of paying the price for our sins, only God can pay it, which he does through the Death of his son
St. Paul was very well traveled. Some traditions say he made it as far west as what modern day country?
Spain
How did St. Paul's status as a Roman citizen help him?
He exercises the right for his case to be heard by the emperor as a Roman Citizen because he did not get a fair trial by the Jews. He also beheaded instead of crucified. Roman citizens found guilty of a capital crime were spared the agony of the Cross
While St. Paul was under house arrest in Rome, what did he do?
He continued to preach the gospel to receive friends and visitors, and to send letters to churches he founded
In Jesus, how are God's promises to Abraham and David entirely fulfilled?
God promised Abraham that all people of the world would be blessed through him. In Jesus all the world is indeed blessed
If Jesus is indeed the son of David, he must be the king of ____________ but not in the sense of the small kingdom on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, but of _____________ which is the ____________.
Israel, all of God's people, church
Who is the Queen Mother of the New Kingdom?
Mary, the Mother of Jesus
Who is the Prime Minister of the New Kingdom?
St. peter and his successors, the popes
What is the thank offering of the New Kingdom?
It is the celebration of the Eucharist or the mass
Who is responsible for the organizational structure of the Church? What are the names of the 3 offices in the Church that took place while the Apostles were still alive?
It was Jesus Christ who left the Church with the organization that would preserve it, even throughout the most difficult periods, until he would come again. Deacon, Priest, Bishop
What do we mean when we say the Catholic Church is apostolic?
It means that our bishops lead the Church in an unbroken chain that leads straight back to the Twelve
What do we mean when we say the Catholic Church is apostolic?
It means that our bishops lead the Church in an unbroken chain that leads straight back to the Twelve
Historically, what are the three events or criteria established St. Peter as the leader of the Church?
Jesus named St. Peter the Leader St. Peter exercised the leadership role in the early church by making decisions, speaking in the Church's defense and preaching. St. Peters leadership was accepted by St. Paul
What is the name of the current successor of St. Peter?
Whoever is the current pope
What is the name of the first Council of the Church? Where and when was it held?
The Council of Jerusalem was held in Jerusalem AD 49 or 50
What is the name of the most recent ecumenical council of the Church? Where and when was it held?
It is called Second Vatican Council and it is commonly referred to as Vatican II. IT was held in Vatican City from 1962 to 1965
What is the definition of a sacrament as given in the Catechism of the Catholic Church?
Sacraments are efficacious signs of God's grace instituted by Jesus Christ and entrusted to the Church. They are efficacious because of Christ himself is at work in order to convey the grace that they signify
Using the CCC, 1257, 1258, 1259, 1260, and 1261 answer the following questions:
What if an adult was in the process of converting but suffered an untimely death?
A chatechumen would be presumed to have received the benefits of Baptism without receiving the Sacrament due to his desire, repentance, and having adopted a life of Christian charity
What about the people in parts of the world who have never even heard about Jesus?
Those who are ignorant of the gospel and of Christ but seek the truth and do the will of God according to their understanding can be saved.
What about infants who die without being baptized? (Aborted Children)
It is clear that we do not know what happens to them according to CCC 1261, but we have great hopes that God provides a way for salvation of infants
Explain the two traditions for the Sacrament of Confirmation?
Eastern Church Baptism and Confirmation is administered during infancy using oil consecrated by the bishop
Western Church Confirmation is administered later in life by the bishop himself, In the case people are baptized as adults. Confirmation is administered by the baptizing priest oil consecrated by the bishop
What is the purpose of Confirmation?
It completes Baptism, giving the person receiving it the same outpouring of the Holy Spirit that the Apostles received at Pentecost
The Sacrament of Confirmation was first demonstrated in the Acts of the Apostles, the Apostles laid hands on newly baptized Christians who then received the Holy Spirit
How do we know that the bread and wine of the Eucharist truly become the Body and Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus at the consecration at Mass?
Jesus himself tells us so!!!
Where in the Bible does Jesus give his Apostles his own authority to pronounce the forgiveness of sins?
Jesus does so directly in the Gospel of St. John when he says "if you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any they are retained
____________ sin harms our relationship with God, while _____________ sin breaks our communion with him?
Venial, mortal
By whose authority does the priest pronounce that the penitent's sins are forgiven?
Forgiveness is pronounced in the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The priest does not forgive sins on his own personal authority, but through that which is granted to him by God through the Sacrament of Holy Orders
Why bother with the Sacrament of the Sick if people still die?
The Sacrament helps the sick people to accept suffering and unite it with the sufferings of Jesus on the Cross
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