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32 terms

APHG Chapter 4 Culture

Vocab
STUDY
PLAY
Culture
the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society
Folk Culture
cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities
Folklore
the "traditional" usually oral literature of a society, consisiting of various genres such as myth, legend, folktale, song, proverb , and many others
Popular Culture
cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today's changable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
Material Culture
the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
Built Environment
the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelter and buildings to neighborhoods and cites, and can often include their supporting infrastructure, such as water supply or energy network
Nonmaterial Culture
the beliefs, practices, aesthics, and values of a group of people
Cultural Appropriation
the process by which cultures adopt customs and knowledge from other cultures and use them for their own benefit
Neolocalism
the seeking out of regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertanity of the modern world
Ethnic Neighborhoods
neighborhoods, typically situated in a larger metropolitan city and constructed by or comprised of a local culture, in which a local culture can pratice its customs
Commodification
the process through which something is given monetary value; occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy
Distance Decay
the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
Time-Space Compression
refers to the social and psychological effects of living in a world in which time-space convergence has rapidly reach a high level of intensity
Time-Space Convergence
refers to the greatly accelerated movement of goods, information, and ideas during the twentieth century made possible by technological innovations in transportation and communications
Reterritorialization
with respect to popular culture, when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of local culture and making it their own
Hierarchial Diffusion
diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples
Contagious Diffusion
distance-controlled spreading of an idea,innovation, or some other item through a local population by contract from person to person
Stimulus Diffusion
a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
Relocation Diffusion
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones
Assimilation
process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech particularities or mannerisms, whenthey come into contact with another society or culture
Acculturation
process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
Cultural Landscape
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
Sequent Occupance
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Placelessness
the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
Global-Local Continuum
the notion that what happens at the global scale has a direct effect on what happens at the local scale, and vice versa
Glocalization
the process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes
Adaptive Strategy
a society's system of economic production
Folk-Housing Regions
a region in which the housing stock predominately reflects styles of building that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area
Anglo-American Landscape
township and range patterns established by early settlers
Traditional Architecture
area in which structures were built as it was being established
Folk Songs
songs that are traditonally sung by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture
Folk Food
food that is tradtionally made by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture