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Our Chapter 19 Ethel Woods Vocab
Terms in this set (28)
(1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully
Bessemer steel converter
allowed iron ore to be converted to steel more efficiently
The rule over India between 1765 and 1947 by the East India Company and then by a British government.
European outpost staffers who protected trade and company property
Cook, Captain James
British explorer who navigated the South Pacific; possessed both commercial and scientific motives for his voyages; sought to discover the missing continent of Tena Australis
Biologist who developed theory of evolution of species (1859); argued that all living species evolved into their present form through the ability to adapt in a struggle for survival.
The premier American inventor and the holder of 1,093 patents. He would be responsible for establishing on of the world's first industrial research at Meno Park, N.J. Incandescent light bulb, movie camera, and phonograph.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Immigrants who received passage to imperialist colonies in exchange for a fixed term of labor
Indian Civil Service
The elite professional class of officials who administered the government of British India. Originally composed exclusively of well-educated British men, it gradually added qualified Indians.
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government.
British physician and missionary. Spent many years setting up Christian ministries in Central Africa. His reports made many British people aware of business opportunities and missionary opportunities. Bitterly opposed to slave trade.
An officer of the Ottoman army who seized power and established a separate Egyptian state independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1805
Muslim princes allied to British India; technically semi-autonomous deputies of the Mughal emperor
A 50-mile canal that crosses the isthmus of Panama connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Built by the United States between 1904 and 1914.
British entrepreneur in South Africa around 1900; manipulated political situation in South Africa to gain entry to resources of Boer republics; encouraged Boer War as means of destroying Boer independence.
An Indian who pushed for reforms by combining Hinduism and western thought, promoted Indian nationalism
studies that justified a hierarchy of race and attempted to provide a biological explanation for racial differences.
Scramble for Africa
1880s~1890s; wave of European colonialism in the African continent; dominated by Britain in the east and France in the northwest; also occupied by other European countries like Germany and Belgium
Indian soldiers in the British army
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
Permanent colonies established through exploration or conquest for the purpose of occupying land and controlling labor.
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
"survival of the fittest" - human society progresses through competition. If the weak receive too much protection the rest of mankind is the loser. This concept was applied to avoid aiding the poor.
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
British-American journalist who tracked down Dr David Livingstone and later claimed the Congo for King Leopold II of Belgium
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Western European possessions in Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific where small numbers of Europeans ruled large indigenous populations