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GEOG2010 Chapter 9 Study Guide
Terms in this set (32)
According to the von Thünen model, the most important determinant of the pattern of agricultural production...
is the distance between the market and the production site.
Intensive subsistence agriculture is characterized by...
high yields per unit of cultivated land.
involves the controlled movement of livestock.
depends upon the availability of natural forage.
is the most extensive of agricultural land use systems.
The Green Revolution...
increases output through use of high-yielding crop varieties and altered management practices
Agriculture in market economic systems:
is characterized by specialization, profit, and interdependence
the crop or livestock mix selected by commercial farmers reflects assessment of production and marketing costs and market demands and prices.
involves intensive land use near markets and extensive land use at more distant locations.
Swidden cultivation was developed to maintain soil fertility...
farmers rotate fields
The production of low-value minerals is...
closely controlled by transportation cost from deposit to market.
Since the 1970's...
The world's grain production has outpaced population growth
Three catogories of economic activities included in the quaternary sector of the economy:
agriculture that involves burned clearings and rotation of fields instead of crops
extensive commercial farming
characteristics is most unique to intensive subsistence agriculture
large input of labor on small plots of land
seed and management techniques that lead to greater farmland productivity
a principal land use over large areas of Asia and Africa where the climate is too dry to produce crops
The Ganges in India and Chang Jiang (Yangtze) in China are river valleys important for...
production of rice
Most of the commercial marine fishing is..
concentrated in the northern waters where warm and cool currents join and mix
the breeding of fish in fresh water ponds, lakes, and canals or in fenced off coastal bays and estuaries enclosures
Sustainable agriculture adherents emphasize an increase in...
Negative effects of large scale commercial agriculture
depopulation of rural areas
Stagesof economic development
mass production and consumption
informal economy includes...
highest proportion of the US labor force
primary activities exampl
gathering and extractive
Example of tertiary activities
Finance and insurance
Market equilibrium is marked by...
the intersection of supply and demand curves.
. A subsistence economic system implies nearly total self-sufficiency of its members
The von Thünen model is based on the observation that the value of agricultural land is determined based on soil fertility and climate
. Livestock ranching, traditionally characteristic of tropical developing countries, is slowly becoming part of mid-latitude farm economies
Because agricultural soil depletion and drought have rendered farming uncertain, nomadic herding has become an increasingly important type of livelihood system
Nomadic herding is an example of intensive subsistence agriculture
The von Thunen model of agricultural land use is based on the high-yielding seed varieties and the use of heavy fertilizers
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