Period 2 Questions To Know
Terms in this set (14)
What were characteristics of French and Dutch colonization?
Few Europeans were sent over - relied on trade alliances (for fur in particular) with Natives and often intermarried
What were characteristics of English colonization?
Large number of male AND female immigrants - sought economic prosperity and religious freedom (Puritans) - focused on agriculture (tobacco in the Chesapeake); lived separately from Natives
What were characteristics of Spanish colonization?
Sent many males, sought to acquire wealth (gold and silver), Converted and subjugated Natives
What were characteristics of the Chesapeake and North Carolina colonies?
Focused on growing tobacco - labor intensive; initially used indentured servants, and later African slavery (after Bacon's Rebellion - 1676)
What were characteristics of New England colonies?
Initially settled by Puritans, small towns and family farms - mixed economy of agriculture and commerce (some whaling too!)
What were characteristics of the Middle Colonies?
Focused on cereal crops, the most religious, ethnic, and culturally diverse of the British colonies. Religious toleration (PA)
Where were characteristics of the southernmost Atlantic coast (SC and GA) and British West Indies?
Long growing seasons -> plantations that grew sugar and rice. Enslaved Africans often made up most of the population -> strict slave codes.
Why did the British colonies create self-governing institutions? (Think VA House of Burgesses, New England Town Hall Meetings, etc.)
Great distance from Britain and the policy of salutary neglect.
What caused conflict between Natives and British colonists?
LAND. Military conflicts such as Metacom's War (King Philip's War) in New England was over land.
What was the significance of the Pueblo Revolt? (Southwestern US - Pueblo Indians against the Spanish)
The Pueblos forced the Spanish to leave for over 10 years. After the Spanish regained control, they were more accommodating to Native American culture.
What was the impact of the 1st Great Awakening?
More individuals converted to Christianity, rise in the number of church denominations.
Where was slavery located in the British colonies?
Everywhere - New England - small farms, port cities, plantations in the Chesapeake (again, post Bacon's Rebellion) and the Southernmost Atlantic coast. Most slaves were in the West Indies.
How was one defined as a slave?
If the person's mother was a slave, then they became a slave.
How did slaves resist slavery?
Overt ways - sabotage and rebellion, covert ways - working slowly, faking illness, breaking tools. Many slaves sought to preserve some aspects of autonomy.