Prepositions with geographical names and Conditionnel Lesson 8 from D'Accord 3
Terms in this set (74)
If a country ends in -e
It is feminine
Exceptions to feminine countries
Le Belize, le Cambodge, le Mexique, le Mozambique, and le Zimbabwe are masculine
Afghanistan is masculine
Brazil is masculine
Canada is masculine
Denmark is masculine
Iran is masculine
Iraq - masculine
Japan - masculine
Luxemburg - masculine
Morocco - masculine
Mexico - masculine
Peru - masculine
Senegal - masculine
Vietnam - masculine
Countries that do not end in -e
Are maculine except for la Guyana
Algeria - feminine
Germany - feminine
England - feminine
Argentina - feminine
Belgium - feminine
Colombia - feminine
Ivory Coast - feminine
Spain - feminine
France - feminine
Greece - feminine
Italy - feminine
Russia - feminine
Switzerland - feminine
Turkey - feminine
États-Unis and Pays-Bas
Masculine islands never take an article such as....
Cuba, Haïti, Madagascar, Maurice and small european islands like Matle and Chypre
What rules do provinces and regions follow
The same rules as countries like the following: la Bretagne, le Manitoba, la Normandie, la Provence, Le Québec
Some countries that end in -e that are masculine...
Le Maine, le Tennesse, and le Nouveau-Mexique
Do not use an article wit a city unless...
The article is a part of the name such as Le Caire, Le Havre, le Mans, La Nouvelle-Orléans, and La Rochelle
What gender are continents
Feminine such as l'afrique
To, in, or at with cities
To, in, or at with continents
To, in, or at with feminine countries and provinces
Masculine countries and provinces with to, in, or at
Masculine countries and provinces that begin with a vowel with to, in, or at
Plural countries with to, in, or at
Feminine states with to, in, or at
Most masculine states with to, in or at
Dans le/l' or dans l'état de/d'/ du/de l'
Cities with from
Continents with from
Feminine countries and provinces with from
Masculine countries and provinces with from
Masculine countries and provinces that begin with a vowel with from
Plural countries with from
Feminine states with from
Masculine states with from
Cuba to, in, at
Cuba wth from
Haïti with to, in or at
Haïti with from
Madagascar with to, in, or at
Madagascar with from
Martinique with to, in or at
Martinique with from
De or de la
To in or at with Texas and Nouveau-Mexique (masculine states)
If the definitie article is part of a city name...
Include the article along with the preposition. In this case, form the usual contractions with à and de: Ils sont
(They are in Cairo) and Ils vient
* Nouvelle-Orléans (he is from new orleans)
Used to soften a request to indicate that a statement might be contrary to reality, or to show that an action was going to happen at some point in the past. In English it is: as would... or could...
How is the conditionnel formed?
stems of futur + endings of the imparfait
-er verbs in conditionnel
Have the same changes in the conditionnel like j'essaerai or j' essayerai -> j'essaierais or j'essayerais
Verbs that have an irregular stem in the futur
Have the same stem in the conditionnel like aller - irions (nous form)
Conditionnel is used to describe...
Hypothetical aspect of the conditionnel...
Makes it useful in polite requests and propositions. The verbs used: aimer, pouvoir, vouloir
Conditionnel forms of devoir followed by an infinitive
Tell what should or ought to happen
Conditonal forms of pouvoir followed by an infinitive
Tell what could happen
What clause can conditionnel be used afterwards
Au cas où (in case), ex: Apportez de l'argent au cas où il y aurait encore des tickets à vendre (bring some money in case there are still tickets for sale)
Conditionnel is used to express...
Uncertainty about a fact, ex: Selon le journal, il y aurait plus de 100 parcs d'attractions au Texas (According to the newspaper; there are more than 100 amusement parks in Texas)
Conditionnel is used sometimes in the context of the past...
To indicate what was to happen in the future; called future in the past, ex: Je pensais que maman mettrait mes affaires dans ma chambre, mais elle les a mises dehors (i thought mom would put my things in my room, but she put them outside)
Using conditionnel with Si
First imperfait then conditionnel like: Si j'etais toi, je mettrais des baskets pour aller me promener.