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170 terms

WIS2040 test 1 reading

STUDY
PLAY
dr julie savidge concluded that ____ was the cause of declines of forest bird populations in Guam
brown-tree snake predation
as defined by moulton, wildlife management practices are always intentional (T/F
false
it is not really important who decides what is actually scientific and what is actually pseudoscientific (T/F)
false
bear baiting is still practiced in pakistan and india (T/F)
true
in arguing issues, any statements that are made must be
none of these
a western state in the lower 48 that has no wild horses
washington
the situation where individuals in a group try to bluff those in another group into thinking they have superior numbers is called a
Beau Geste effect
the so-called ____ in Guither's vernacular support animal welfare
reformists
most of the so-called upland game birds belong to the order
Galliformes
wildlife issues or other env issues should be resolved based on public opinion (T/F)
false
wild horses and burros are managed by the
BLM
when campaigning for a certain cause it is important to win whenever possible in order to
generate positive propaganda
kirtland's warbler currently nests almost exclusively in the state of
michigan
public land grazers in the western states are no longer as powerful as they once were, because of
increased public awareness
bear farms, where bears are kept for their bile, occur widely in
china
CA was the first state to have a
wildlife commission
in 2002 both houses of the US congress had bills before them that would ban
canned hunts
the poison used in colorado to kill bears
thallium
the mute swam population in massachusetts is derived from individuals introduced from
europe
BLM is an angency under the US department of
interior
in the year 2000, wild burros occurred in ___ western states
5
economically well developed nations are called
MDCs
science is presumably based on how much fact?
100%
the pro-boating group in florida is made-up exclusively of boat owners (T/F)
fasle
according to moulton, perhaps the best definition of a habitat was advanced by
Caughley and Sinclair
the soviet geneticist who argues against the idea that wheat could be made cold tolerant simply by exposing randomly chosen plants to cold temps with no regard for natural cold tolerance
vavilov
sometime the absence of human intervention can be considered a wildlife management process (T/F)
true
______ was not one of the explanations advanced by jenkins to explain declines of guam's forest birds
global warming
in the 1990s snow mobiling was banned by denali national park by the
national park service
one native species that has been negatively impacted by wild burros is the
desert pigeon
in 1996, six CA condors were released in the state of
arizona
ring-necked pheasants were introduced to the US from
Asia
which of the following groups has a name that is itself propaganda?
wise use
according to guither, animal advocated fall into ___ general groups
2
the _______, enacted in 1913, focused on migratory waterfowl management
weeks-mclean act
according to the pets in america project ______ of american households had at least one pet
an estimated 61%
____ was the first state to have paid game wardens
maine
the kirtland's warblers winter in
the bahamas
some of the california condors released in the 1990s were later killed by
lead poisoning
in the late 1800s wading birds in FL were being killed for
the fashion industry
pittman-robertson money is never used legally for habitat management (T/F)
true
the 1994 FL DEP became concerned about the high number of deaths of
manatees
the usfws was formed by combining the bureau of biological study with the
bureau of fisheries
wildlife management practices that favor one species
may harm another
the most vigorous supporters of the net ban campaign in FL
recreational fisheries
in practice, _____ may determine wildlife management practices
all of these
punt guns were commonly used for commercially harvesting
waterfowl
the wild free roaming horse and burro act was passed to protect horses and burros on
public rangelands
_____ is the first step in the scientific method
observation
following passage of the clean water act in the early 1970s, several species of water birds have returned to
new york harbor
an animal shelter worker in michigan was fired for
feeding puppies to a snake
boating rights advocates in fl claim that increased manatee deaths must mean
that there are plenty of manatees so it doesnt matter
in order for the public to effectively restore wildlife issues they must first
be concerned about the law
in the early part of the 20th century, wildlifers released numerous nonindigenous species for hunting because
native game species were so reduced by market hunters
the whole motivation for protecting wild horses and burros when the state of _____ suggested that hunters should shoot horses and burros for sport
california
kirtlands warblers build there nests
on the ground
the main problem with the various mechanisms for funding non game wildlife research that are in place today is that they are
unpredictable
______ in the pacific northwest is needed to protect populations of northern spotted owls
old growth forest
the office of economic ornithology and mammalogy was established in
1985
wild horses presently occur in ___ western states
10
of the following _____ is not considered a component of habitat according to the traditional wildlife definition of habitat
potential competitors
in 1985-86 the division called animal damage control was transferred to the us department of
agriculture
_____was a popular english passtime that was outlawed in 1582
bear baiting
the animal rights group that opposes any use of animals by humans
PETA
the largest number of wild horses occurs in the state of
Nevada
public input is very important in LDCs (T/F)
false
market hunters once sold ______ for a dime a dozen in new york meat markets
passenger pigeons
the majority of vertebrate species in FL and CO are properly classified as ____ species
nongame
when the use of greater sandhill cranes as surrogate mothers failed as a conservation method for whooping cranes, scientists turned to
captive breeding
according to the st petersburg times, by the summer of 2000, manatee protection plans had been filed by __ counties of the 13 that had been required
4
the US forest service is an agency under the department of
agriculture
in most issues the majority of people have strong opinions (T/F)
false
recently monocrotophos was implicated in the poisoning deaths of swainsons hawks in
argentina
the original biological survey was done under the department of
agriculture
california condor reintroductions were carried out by a partnership between the USFWS and the
peregrine fund
beliefs can be transformed into facts if enough people believe them (T/F)
false
management efforts on the kaibab plateau were aimed mostly at pleasing
the public
historically wildlife managers have focused on making ___ happy
hunters
in 1970, some boy scouts found 2 dozen dead ________ that were killed by exposure to thallium
bald and gold eagles
the NBS was renamed ____ in 1996
the BRD
in order to nest successfully, kirthland's warblers require ______ trees with dense understory
jack pine
in order to protect mule deer on kaibab plateau, 30 wolves and more than 700 mountain lions were killed and __________
deer hunting was banned
the so-called federal aid-in-wildlife restoration act of 1937 is also known as the
pittman-robertson act
during the campaign for the net ban, the supporters of the ban accused the ___ of nonfeasance
MFC
according to time magazine survey of 10,007 adults __% claimed to be vefetarians
4%
each year wild horses and burros are removed from the wild and
put up for adoption
___ are just a state of mind
beliefs
americans supported the reintroduction of ___ to yellowston
wolves
in south america swainsons hawks were killed after they ingested ____ poisoned by monocrotophos
grasshoppers
the greek auk was a seabird that was exterminated in part by
human harvest of their eggs
according to moulton there are basically __ categories of wildlife issues
2
the national audubon society of today is an offshoot of the
massachusetts audubon society
the waterfowl management act passed in 1913 was later repealed (T/F)
true
the most widely used type of non-toxic shotgun shell shot according to the alaska department of fish and game
steel
the theory of acquired characteristcs was first advanced by
Lamarck
according to moulton, the wildlife management view basically follows that of the
animal reformists
one proposed way to kill nonindigenous mute swans is to pour ___ on the eggs
bleach
black skimmers are closely related to the
gulls and terns
under the reign of william the conqueror, the penalty for killing one of the king's deer was
blinding
in general, when it comes to resolving issues, ____ is the most powerful force in america
the public
in 1996 congress passed the NBS under the
USGS
in the summer of 2002 there were several forest fires in ___, which could not have been the result of US forest service practices
china
_____ is an example of a non-game wading bird
the green-backed heron
australians use the "Judas" technique to manage populations of
donkeys
game species may become non-game species when
they become rare
the secretary of interior bruce babbitt told people in NM that _____ were "here to stay" even though someone had shot some of the introduced individuals
mexican wolves
the state with the largest number of wild burros
arizona
te first ring-necked pheasant introductions to the US were made to the state of
oregon
for every $.75 contributed by the pittman robertson act, the state agency must contribute
$.25
pittman torbertson money is only used legally for game species (T/F)
false
the bison were saved by a coalition of nature lovers and
sport hunters
the use of surrogate mothers was an unsuccessful management practice used in the recovery of the
whooping crane
when population sizes are not changing, they are at
equilibrium
an agency under the department of interior
FWS
hand puppets are used to feed baby whooping crane chicks so
they do not become imprinted on humans
the ESA was passed in
1973
the use of poisons for predator control was banned on all federal lands by president
nixon
rhode island was the first state to close the hunting season on
white-tailed deer
currently mourning doves are hunted legally in ___ states
39
one reason that propaganda is so effective is that it is
easy to believe
the state where a tax on soft drink cans was used to fund non-game wildlife research
missouri
the FWC was originally formed by the
wildlife unification amendment
the waterfowl belong to the taxonomic order
anseriformes
the Pittman-Robertson act levied a 10% tax on
firearms and ammunition
____ were sea birds related to puffins
great auks
california condors vanished from the wild in CA in about
1987
according to professor moulton, humans can successfully manage wildlife (T/F)
true
in 2002, ____ reversed the decision to ban recreational snow mobiling in national parks
Bush
once the net ban was imposed in florida, lawton shiles threatened to enforce it by
calling out the national guard
the main product that forms from the bile of bears is
UDCA
the first national park in the US
yellowstone
when two sides differ greatly in how much power they have, issues are resolved with
little compromise
scientists are presently re-introducing whooping cranes to
florida
CARA was passed by the _____ in the summer of 2001
house of representatives
the net ban campaign relied heavily on the use of
photographs of dead wildlife
in 1994, the ___ imposed a moratorium on hunting black bears in fl
GFC
the humane society for the US is
anti-hunting
a brood parasite that attacks the nests of kirtlands waiter
the brown-headed cowbird
the wildlife unification amendment merged the gfc with the
MFC
the original office of economic ornithology and mammalogy was later renamed the
bureau of biological survey
the animal rights group that is leading the fight against using compound 1080
animal protection institute
______ is a hallmark of propaganda
all of these
game species are those that are hunted for
sport
_____ is not a method used by states for funding non-game wildlife research and conservation
the penny a pound crop tax
the ____ act was the law that ultimately stopped the trade in wading bird feathers from fl by banning interstate commerce in wildlife products taken illegally
lacey
propaganda does not necessarily involve the use of lies (T/F)
true
according to _____ the majority of people in the US favor the reintroduction of the grey wolf to yellowstone
defenders of wildlife
some citizens of the state of ___ sued to halt the season of mourning doves in 2001
wisconsin
recently the nps banned ___ in denali national park
snowmobiling
the passage of the clean water act in the early 1970s led to the return of the mummichog in ny harbor, which benefited certain
water birds
in the late 19th century, the office of econ ornithology and mammalogy spent most of its effort on
predator control
___ formed as an offshoot of an anti-hunting group in england
the ALF
issues involving rare and endangered species generally fall under the US department of
interior
a ban on commercial netting of fish within 3 miles of the atlantic coast and... was the result of
a constitutional amendment
following the passage of the net ban amendment in FL, some commercial fishers tried to use ___ to catch fish
tarps
habitat may be defined in terms of
any of these
species in the _____ group are not considered game birds
passeriformes
presidnet ___ called for a ban on all recreational snowmobiling in all national parks
clinton
historically, most of the revenue generated for wildlife management has come from
hunters
beavers and muskrats are classified as
furbearers
CARA has been advanced as a superior method for funding the intiative called
teaming with wildlife
compound 1080 was a deadly poison used primarily for killing
coyotes
in the early 1900s, many people in the US supported the extermination of wolves in_____ national park
yellowstone
burros were introduced to the US in the
17th century
which of the following would not be considered a wildlife management practice?
rain
management practices that aided brown-headed cowbirds are associated with the decline of
wood thrush
an example of a SE US game bird that due to the effects of fire ants and habitat loss, is declining
bobwhite quail
propaganda is used in order to
gain support from the masses
the wisconsin department of natural resources wants to kill introduced mute swans as they are thought to threaten
trumpeter swans
issues involving species of wildlife that have become pests are generally under the department of
agriculture