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Psychology 2nd semester final review
Terms in this set (51)
He is famous for his study on a small child named Little Albert related to classical conditioning.
He is important because of his famous observational learning experiment with a Bobo doll.
He is a Humanistic psychologist important for unconditional positive regard and active listening.
Developed cognitive therapy and the concept of the negative triad
He is the founder of the Psychoanalytic approach, and emphasized early childhood experience and the unconscious mind
He is famous for his study on classical conditioning in which he trained dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell.
B. F. Skinner
He was famous for his studies on operant conditioning relating to reinforcement and punishment
OCEAN or CANOE
These are mnemonic devices to help you remember the Big 5 personality traits.
Theory that holds that physical and cognitive development is genetically determined
Theory that holds that physical and cognitive development is determined by environmental factors
According to Erik Erikson you are in the _____ vs role confusion stage of psychosocial development.
In adolescence teenagers work at refining a sense of ______ by testing roles and thenintgrating them to form a single identity or they become confused.
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminshed if followed by a punisher.
Learning by observing (modeling) others.
A type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli with a response.
Pavlov's famous experiment with dogs getting food and learning to salivate to the sound of a _____ is an example of classical conditioning.
Bobo Doll Experiment
This is a famous experiment on observational learning.
Using mental pictures to aid in memory.
Organizing items into familiar manageable units to help with memory.
Memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.
A word formed by the initial letters of the items to be remembered. (HOMES to remember the great lakes)
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A Rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Formerly called multiple personality disorder.
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
Post-traumatic stress disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
A disorder in which a person alternates between the hopelessness and weariness of depression and the overexcitd state of mania.
major depressive disorder
A disorder in whcih a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks with five or more symptoms, at least one of which must be either 1. depressed mood or 2. loss of interest or pleasure.
A disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression.
generalized anxiety disorder
An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, fearful, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
A defense mechanism, that banishes from consciousness the thoughts, feelings, and memories that arouse anxiety.
A defense mechanism, refusing to believe or even perceive painful realities.
A defense mechanism, disguising one's own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
A defense mechanism, retreating to a move infantile stage.
A defense mechanism, switching unacceptable impulses into their opposites.
Famous patient who underwent major surgery removing his hippocampus in an effort to minimize epileptic seizures; however, it caused him to lose the ability to store new long-term memories.
Cognitive psychologist known for her groundbreaking work on the misinformation effect, eyewitness memory, and the creation and nature of false memories.
Swiss psychiatrist known for developing a set of inkblots that were used experimentally to measure various unconscious parts of the subject's personality.
Kitty Genovese Case
bystander effect (woman murdered; no one helped-less likely to help when others present)
-caused by diffusion of responsibility
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A Projective test requiring examinees to tell a story in response to ambiguous pictures
Rorschach inkblot test
the most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots
a network of associated facts and concepts that make up our general knowledge of the world
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
the gradual acquisition of skills as a result of practice, or "knowing how" to do things
stanford prison experiment; importance of social roles
obedience to authority; had participants administer what they believed were dangerous electrical shocks to other participants
Solomon Asch Experiment
subjects conformed to a wrong answer rather than giving a correct answer
openness to experience
A personality dimension that characterizes someone in terms of imagination, sensitivity, and curiosity.
A personality dimension that describes someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized
A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive
A personality dimension that describes someone who is good natured, cooperative, and trusting.
degree of emotional instability or stability
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