7 terms

Compare & Contrast of Prokaryotic and Eurkaryotic Cell Structures

Essay Quiz Compare and Contrast Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell structures
Prokaryotic Cells
Unicellular (1 entity), lack organelles, and contain a cell wall.

The prokaryotic cell contains no membrane-bound organelles which are independent of the plasma membrane.

The prokaryotic cell has no nucleus
Prokaryotic Cells
Smaller than a Eukaryotic Cell

Prokaryotic ribosomes are composed of only three kinds of rRNA and about fifty kinds of protein.

Prokaryotic cells have only one organelle: the ribosomes.
Eukaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus, bound by a double membrane.

Eukaryotic DNA is linear

Eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cells
Larger than prokaryotic cells

A eukaryotic ribosome is composed of five kinds of rRNA and about eighty kinds of proteins.

Eukaryotic has a nucleus, the control center of the cell. This is where the chromosomes (DNA) are stored in a double phospholipid membranes.
Eukaryotic Cells
The cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells is filled with a large, complex collection of organelles, many of them enclosed in their own membranes

Eukaryotic cells are multicellular (also called animal cells), contain organelles, and lack a cell wall.
They are cells that:

Have cell membranes made of phospholipid chains with cholesterol and proteins crammed in between.
Have ribosomes

Has DNA which controls how the organism acts, behaves, and looks.