Civil Rights Movement
Terms in this set (25)
What Jim Crow Laws
Laws meant to separate the races and enforce segregation
What was ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme court cases in 1896 that rules segregation in public places was legal
What Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ruled & how it effected African Americans
1954 supreme court decision that ended segregation in public schools. The Brown decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson.
Who was Thurgood Marshall
NAACP lawyer and the 1st African-American
What was the Montgomery Bus Boycott, why did it occur, & what did it achieve
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat, sparked a 13 month bus boycott led by MLK
Who was Martin Luther King Jr. & what organization did he start
The most influential leader of the civil rights era
Who were the Little Rock 9 and why are they important
1957, a African American students tried to integrated central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas
What is a sit-in and where was one used?
February 1960- 4 college students began a sit-in at a Greensboro, NC lunch counter
What were Freedom Rides
Protests against segregation on interstate bussing in the south
Who was Eugene 'Bull' Connor & what did he do
Eugene "Bull" Connor (Birmingham's police chief) used violence against the protesters and MLK was arrested.
What was the March on Washington & why was it important
250,000 people attended. It was broadcasted on TV. MLK gave his famous "I have a dream speech"
Know the The Civil Rights Act of 1964 & The Voting Rights Act of 1965
Banned segregation in all public places and created the "Equal employment Opportunity Commision"
What was Freedom Summer
SNCC brought Northern college students to mississippi in 1964 to help register black voters
What was a major division within the Civil Rights Movement
Some favored non violence, some wanted to be more aggressive and end cooperation with the whites
What did Cesar Chavez & Dolores Huerta do for Mexican American farm workers-
Their movement believed in nonviolent protest & resistance to achieve their goals
What did the Equal Rights Amendment try to achieve
Wanted to protect women against discrimination and help achieve equality with men
What did title IX achieve
Outlawed discrimination against women in schools
What were some of the programs of the Great Society
President Johnson's series of laws to help poor, elderly, disenfranchised, education, the environment and to end discrimination
Southern Christian leadership conference.
National association for the advancement of colored people
Student nonviolent coordinating committee
Congress of racial equality
National organization of women
Marthen L. King
"I have Dream"
Killed M. L. King