15 terms

Vocabulary #28

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Civil Rights Movement
A mass movement in the 1950s and 1960s to guarantee the civil rights of African Americans.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Case which reversed Plessy v. Ferguson and ruled that segregation in schools was unconstitutional
Civil Disobediance
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
Rosa Parks
African American civil rights activist whose 1955 refusal to give up her seat to a white person led to the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott and helped launch the civil rights movement
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The black population of Montgomery, Alabama refused to ride buses for a year, protesting segregation. Sparked by Rosa Parks.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil rights leader who advocated civil disobedience and nonviolent demonstrations to achieve change; founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference, led Montgomery Alabama bus boycott, and Selma to Montgomery voting rights march; gave "I Have a Dream" speech; won Nobel Peace Prize; assassinated in 1968
Freedom Rides
A series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961
March on Washington
Held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech. 250,000 people attended the rally
Malcolm X
Activist and outspoken public voice of the Black Muslim faith, challenged the mainstream civil rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther King Jr
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
24th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution eliminated the poll tax as a prerequisite to vote in national elections.
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
Upheld the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which made racial discrimination by places of public accommodation illegal
Affirmative Action
Remedial action designed to overcome the effects of discrimination against minorities and women.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Schools can't use admission quotas and admit students solely on the bias of their race.
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