US History - Unit 6 - World War II
Terms in this set (25)
A government that controls all aspects of life
(1878‐ 1953) Communist leader following Lenin, who purged government of his opponents, changed the Soviet economy, established a totalitarian state, resisted Hitler, and started the Cold War.
( 1932‐1939) A devastating economic downturn that saw stock prices fall, businesses fail, and large scale unemployment in America and Europe.
Political system that developed in Germany, Italy, and Spain after World War I, marked by intense nationalism, belief in an all‐powerful leader, and militarism
(1883‐ 1945) Leader who turned Italy into a Fascist state by controlling the press, abolishing unions. and outlawing strikes.
the democratic republic in Germany following World War I that signed the Treaty of Versailles. Economic failures led to hyperinflation and instability that allowed the rise of Hitler.
(1889‐1945) Nazi Party leader who established a totalitarian state in Germany. His policies took Germany into a devastating war in 1939 and led to the deaths of millions of Jews in the Holocaust.
the political party led by Adolf Hitler that took over every aspect of German social, economic, and political life.
The secret police in Germany that terrorized Hitler's opponents.
giving in to an aggressor to keep peace.
the belief that political ties to other countries should be avoided.
"lightning war" - the use of planes, tanks, and motorized troop carriers to advance rapidly into enemy territory.
in World War II: Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States
In World War II: Germany, Italy, and Japan
Battle of Britain
The German air assault on London and Great Britain in the 1940 and 1941.
Allied troops, in the largest amphibious assault in history, landed at Normandy in an attempt to retake France from the Nazis.
an effort to murder an entire people or nationality.
the genocide of Jews and other minorities during WW2 by the Nazis in concentration camps like Auschwitz.
the prosecution of Nazi leaders for "crimes against humanity" after World War II. The trials revealed the extent of Nazi atrocities.
the general who led Japan as Prime Minister during WWII. Convinced the Emperor to undertake the attack on the US at Pearl Harbor.
A surprise attack by the Japanese navy on the US fleet in Hawaii. December 7, 1941.
British Prime Minister during World War II who inspired the British people with public radio broadcasts.
Jewish physicist who discovered the theory of relativity, He fled Nazi Germany and recommended the US build an atomic bomb.
developed by US scientists based on atomic energy, and used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
International organization launched in 1945; purpose is to maintain world peace while encouraging cooperation between nations.