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unit 4 history online part b
Terms in this set (20)
Dwight Eisenhower's major goals as president included
balancing the budget
The theory of "executive privilege" used by Eisenhower to withhold documents from Sen. Joseph McCarthy was based on
The three separate co-equal branches of government meant the legislative branch could not force the executive to turn over information.
Sen. Joseph McCarthy lost his political power because of
The Korean War ended.
McCarthy recklessly attacked the US Army as Communist-infiltrated.
Television showed McCarthy at his worst.
The US Senate censured McCarthy.
The "Brown v the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas" case held
De jure segregation was unconstitutional.
Separate but equal was inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional.
Civil rights activists in the 1950's used all the following tactics EXCEPT
violent riots in urban areas
Eisenhower & John Foster Dulles conducted foreign policy that
Eisenhower ended the Korean War by
agreeing to voluntary repatriation of POWs
threatening to use the atomic bomb
The Eisenhower "Domino Theory"
applied to the Far East
said if one country fell to the Communists then its neighboring countries would fall to a Communist takeover as well.
Eisenhower refused to send US ground forces to Vietnam because
Eisenhower was a professional soldier & realized the fallacy of getting into a ground war on the Asian mainland.
Churchill & Lyndon Johnson argued against it.
The Eisenhower Doctrine
applied to the Middle East
wanted to keep Communism from spreading into a strategic area.
Eisenhower's foreign policy in Latin America
aimed at keeping Communism from taking root in that area
sometimes ended up backing reactionary dictators
The anticipated Summit meeting of 1960 collapsed because
The Soviets refused to attend after they shot down an American U-2 spy plan over the USSR
Eisenhower's valedictory speech warned against
the military-industrial complex
The important factors in the presidential election of 1960 included
the state of the US economy
a slippage of US prestige after Sputnik
the television debates
Democratic vote fraud in Illinois, Missouri & Texas which gave JFK the election
Kennedy responded to the Soviet Wars of National Liberation with
the Peace Corps with technical assistance
Food For Peace program with agricultural assistance
US Army Special Forcesto train third country armies how to fight Communist revolts
Kennedy's economy policies were
essentially Republican by advocating a tax cut
The Second Berlin Crisis was solved
when the Soviets built the Berlin Wall to prevent dissatisfied Eastern Europeans from escaping from Communism
when the US reaffirmed its commitment to defend West Berlin & western Europe from Communism
Kennedy opposed Soviet missiles in Cuba because
They threatened the US security.
They violated even the Soviet's Sphere of Influence theory
The results of the Cuban Missile Crisis included
a US pledge not to invade Communist Cuba
a Soviet pledge to remove their offensive missiles from Communist Cuba
US-Cuban relations deteriorated because
Communist dictator Castro took over Cuba & did the Soviet's bidding in the western hemisphere.
The CIA tried to overthrow Castro in the Bay of Pigs attack but JFK refused to allow aircover.
The US put an economic embargo on Cuba.
Castro tried to export Communist subversion to other Latin American nations.
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