US History - Unit 4 - Roaring Twenties
Terms in this set (24)
The decade of the 1920's which got this nickname because of the era's prosperity, excitement, and social change
Return to Normalcy
President Harding's idea that after WWI, the United States should get back to a policy favoring business, growth, and isolationism
Any intense period of panic after the 1917 Russian Revolution, when many Americans feared the spread of communism.
Teapot Dome Scandal
A Harding administration scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Warren G. Harding
Elected President in 1920, he wanted to return the United States to a traditional isolationist foreign policy. Died while in office.
President from 1923-1929, and symbolized the old-fashioned values of honesty and thrift. His pro-business motto - "The business of America is business."
Republican became President in 1929. He made little response to the growing Depression crisis, feeling that Americans should work their way out of the crisis, and rely on private charities. His Reconstruction Finance Act gave loans to businesses and banks.
The belief that Americans can succeed on their own and that government assistance would undermine the incentive to work. Associated with President Hoover
The American manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production and the use of the assembly line during his introduction of the Model T car.
The social experiment from 1919-1933 that banned the sale or manufacture of alcoholic drinks in the USA, and led to a rise in organized crime.
She advocated women's rights, suffrage, and prison reform, but it best known as one of the most outspoken voices of the Temperance movement, which led to Prohibition in 1919.
The 1919 Constitutional amendment that banned the sale of alcoholic drinks in the United States.
Twenty First Amendment
Passed to repeal the 18th Amendment in 1933. Based on recommendation of the Wickersham Commission that Prohibition had lead to a vast increase in crime.
Scopes "Monkey Trial"
1925, the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against biblical creationism in Tennessee. Seen as a clash between traditionalists and modernists.
United States lawyer and co-founder of the ACLU, he defended John Scopes during the "Monkey Trial" of 1925.
Series of laws from 1921 that attempted to stop immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe as a response to nativist sentiment. Banned Asian immigrated entirely.
The pseudo-scientific belief that the human race could be improved through breeding. The beliefs promoted by American Charles Davenport including forced sterilization and marriage restrictions. Spread from the USA to Germany.
Young women in the 1920s who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting, while demonstrating new economic independence.
Tin Pan Alley
A New York district where composers and publishers created popular music and sold sheet music for play at home.
movement of over 2 million African Americans from the rural south into Northern cities between 1910 and 1930 in search of jobs and to escape sharecropping.
A flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride and confidence in their future, marked by accomplishments in poetry, literature, and music.
Recognized as one of America's finest poets, he was drawn to Harlem and wrote about his experiences as an African American.
founder of Universal Negro Improvement Association, he spoke against racism faced by returning African American soldiers after WWI, and began the Back-to-African movement.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean; he became the greatest hero of the Jazz Age and a worldwide celebrity.