19 terms

US History - Unit 2 - The Progressive Era


Terms in this set (...)

The Grange Movement
19th century club that tried to address the problems of farmers by urging economic and political reforms. Primarily focused on railroad overcharging.
Interstate Commerce Act
1887. Prohibited railroads from charging unfair fees. Marked a change from pure laissez-faire capitalism.
William Jennings Bryan
The Democratic and Populist candidate for President in 1896 and 1900. He praised farmers and attacked bankers for their reliance on the gold standard.
Third Parties
Like the Populist Party in the 1890s, these often have an impact on the political process, and provide an outlet for new ideas.
Progressive Movement
Wanted to correct the political and economic injustices that had resulted from America's industrialization. Also wanted to reform government, and use its power to correct inequality.
Social Gospel Movement
Called for social reforms such as the abolition of child labor and safer working conditions. Spearheaded by Protestant clergymen who emphasized that each man was his brother's keeper.
Writers that exposed the abuses of industrial society and government corruption
Upton Sinclair
described the unsanitary practices of the meat packing industry in his novel "The Jungle."
Jane Addams
a Progressive that established settlement houses in slum neighborhoods to provide community services.
W.E.B. DuBois
one of the founders of the NAACP, he called for open protests for immediate equality and criticized Booker T. Washington for not being forceful enough in his goals.
Seventeenth Amendment
1913. established direct election of US Senators by popular vote. They were formerly chosen by state legislatures
Theodore Roosevelt
Became President in 1901 and became known as a trust-buster and man of action. He believed the President represented all Americans and should act as steward of the people's interests.
Square Deal
Theodore Roosevelt's promise to Americans to protect the public health, regulate transportation, and conserve the nation's natural resources.
William H. Taft
Served as President from 1909-1912, and lost a three way election for President in 1912. Later appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Woodrow Wilson
Served as President from 1913-1921. Promised a "New Freedom". Passed the 16th Amendment, the Federal Reserve Act, and the Clayton Anti-trust Act.
Federal Reserve Act
1913. Created the governmental agency that controls monetary policy, and gives it the power to control interest rates and the amount of money banks can lend.
National Park Service
1916. Brought 40 existing parks and monuments under federal protection; its purpose is to conserve natural scenery, historic objects, and wildlife for the enjoyment of the American people
Susan B. Anthony
Leading voice in the fight for women's suffrage, she won the right to vote for women in several western states and formed the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
19th Amendment
1920. Established that no state could deny a citizen the right to vote on the basis of sex.