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US History - Unit 3 - Rise of World Power
On-Level Unit 4
Terms in this set (44)
General objectives that guide the activities and relationships of one country in its interactions with other countries.
marked the end of Spain's colonial empire and the emergence of the United States as a world power.
Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolf Hearst
American newspapers publishers who used "yellow journalism" to report events from the Cuban Rebellion.
sensationalizing the news to sell more papers
De Lome Letter
a letter written by the Spanish ambassador that called President McKinley weak, and outraged Americans.
a ship sent to protect American property in Cuba, exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898, killing 258 U.S. sailors.
year for the Spanish-American War, won by the US in about 4 months
led the Rough Riders in Cuba during the Spanish-American War and developed the Big Stick policy to justify sending US troops to Latin America.
the quest for colonial empires, driven by a need for raw materials, new markets, and a desire for prestige.
Economic Effects of Spanish American War
As the United States takes over territory, it expands its markets and gains access to more resources
Alfred Thayer Mahan
believed that to achieve world power, a country must have a powerful navy. Wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
gave the United States the right to interfere in Cuba at any time.
the last native ruler of Hawaii, tried to take power back from the American landowners
worked to spread Christianity in Hawaii and China; their work helped link the USA with Asia
Sanford B. Dole
led the provisional government of Hawaii, limited native rights, and helped overthrow the Queen in 1887
US Secretary of State who was worried about American trade being shut out of China by European powers
Open Door Policy
Hay's idea that equal trading rights should be given to all foreign nations in China.
a rebellion in China that threatened foreigners and opposed Western influence
Constructed from 1903-1914, at a cost of thousands of lives and nearly $400 million, saved a 8000 mile sea journey, and allowed for increased Pacific trade.
Big Stick Policy
the popular name for Roosevelt's Corollary, which justified sending American troops to intervene in Latin America.
the use of American dollars and investment to promote American foreign policy goals.
Wilson's policy of not intervening militarily during the Mexican Revolution.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Senator who supported American expansion as a way to increase national pride, spread civilization, and gain world power
Mexican rebel leader who raided across the border but eluded capture by John J. Pershing during the Mexican Revolution.
Years for World War I, American became involved in WWI in 1917.
World War I and the USA
US isolationism kept us out of this War until 1917, when several factors caused the US to enter to "make the world safe for democracy."
intercepted by British Intelligence, this revealed Germany's plan to approach the Mexican government proposing a military alliance.
torpedoed off the coast of Ireland by a German submarine, 128 Americans lost their lives when she sank.
German promise not to sink merchant ships without warning
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
German proclamation that any ships entering the region around the British Isles would be sunk, without warning. An attempt to break Britain's blockade of supplies on Germany.
Selective Service Act
1917. passed by Congress to require young men to register for the military draft.
American Expeditionary Forces
the U.S. forces sent to the Western Front (France) fought alongside British and French allied forces the last year of World War I
John J. Pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, he shaped an inexperienced group of men into an effective military force.
the final Allied offensive of World War I where the American Force played a key role. An Allied victory, the battle is credited for leading to the Armistice.
was the most decorated American soldier in World War I. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, killing 28 Germans and taking 132 others.
resulted in the stalemate on the western front - form of warfare in which combatants occupy fighting lines dug into the earth
Espionage and Sedition Acts
passed during World War I, restricted freedom of speech and made it a crime to criticize the war effort.
President from 1912 to 1918, he announced America's war aims in the Fourteen Points before the end of WWI.
A Post-WWI plan that had provisions for the reduction of armaments, freedom of the seas, an end to secret alliances, removal of trade barriers, self-determination for nation-states, and international cooperation through the League of Nations.
Treaty of Versailles
Established new boundaries in Europe, ended the Empires of Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans, divided the Middle East between the British and French. Severe sanctions on Germany.
Payments required from the Germans as part of the Treaty of Versailles to pay for war damages in Europe.
League of Nations
Post WWI international body to prevent offensive wars and allow nations to settle differences through discussion.
the Debate over the League of Nations
Led by Henry Cabot Lodge, the US Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nations due to fear of committing US troops without Congressional approval
USA returned to the policy of avoiding engagement in international affairs after WWI due to fear of unnecessary military commitments.