2. American Revolution Era (U.S. History 8th Grade STAAR Review)
Terms in this set (40)
*British colonists wanted to take over French land in North America in the Ohio River Valley.
*British soldiers fought against French soldiers and Native Americans.
*Native Americans joined against the British because they were afraid the British would take over their land.
French and Indian War
*Ended the French and Indian War
*Also as a result of the war, the British began taxing the colonists to pay for the war and the proclamation line of 1763 was established to keep colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Treaty of Paris (1763)
efusing to buy goods from a certain country.
to cancel an act or law.
legal document that allowed officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled.
Writs of Assistance-
military force made up of ordinary citizens.
using ships to prevent goods from leaving a harbor.
American colonists who were determined to gain independence from the British
American colonists who stayed loyal to Great Britain.
the refusal to obey certain laws or governmental demands for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policy, characterized by the employment of such nonviolent techniques as boycotting, picketing, and nonpayment of taxes
rights that cannot or should not be taken away by a government because they are given by God; examples: "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness".
Law passed by the King of England forbidding the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Proclamation of 1763
Tax on molasses. One of many events angering the colonists
Sugar Act 1764
Tax on legal documents, newspapers, licenses, diplomas, dice, and playing cards
Stamp Act 1765
British soldiers could stay in colonists' homes; angered colonists
Quartering Act 1765
First civilians killed by British soldiers in the streets of Boston
Boston Massacre 1770
Taxed goods such as glass, paper, lead, silk, and tea; angered colonists.
Townshend Acts 1770
Tax on tea; led to the Boston Tea Party (protest using civil disobedience.)
Tea Act 1773
An act of civil disobedience; colonists dumped British tea into Boston Harbor protesting the Tea Act.
Boston Tea Party 1774
A series of severe laws (cancelled town meetings, closed Boston Harbor) passed to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
Intolerable Acts 1774
First organizing of the colonists, representatives from the colonists met to discuss the colonies dissatisfaction with England; Olive Branch Petition - Colonists declare loyalty to King George III, but ask him to cancel the Intolerable Acts
First Continental Congress 1774
First battles of the Revolution
British planned to arrest American leaders "Shot Heard Round the World"
Lexington and Concord 1775
Document written by Thomas Jefferson, claiming independence from Great Britain based on the philosophies of Locke, Montesquieu, and Blackstone
"When in the course of human events..., government should protect life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Declaration of Independence 1776
turning point of the war
Important victory because it influenced foreign nations to support America in its war against England
France used its Navy in the Americans effort for victory
Thousands of Washington's troops died during the winter
Troops lacked food and clothing
Winter at Valley Forge 1777
last major battle of the war
French ships prevented British supplies to reach Yorktown British surrender because of lack of supplies
ended the American Revolution
The 13 colonies became independent from England. The boundaries of the new nation were the Mississippi river to the west, Canada to the North, and Spanish Florida to the south.
Treaty of Paris 1783
Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
Boston Patriot who opposed British taxation. He established the committee of correspondence. Leader of the Sons of Liberty.
Author, publisher, inventor and diplomat
main author of the Declaration of Independence
Patriot from Virginia, "Give me Liberty. Or give me death!"
Wrote Common Sense and American Crisis, He urged Americans to support the Patriot cause during the American Revolution.
advocated independence; Continental Congress delegate; Declaration of Independence Committee
Educated African-American Patriot, made the same midnight ride as Paul Revere warning that the British were coming
American Hero and Martyr of the Boston Massacre
French Noble who helped Americans during the Revolutionary War
Marquis de Lafayette
Founder of the U.S. Navy. Led raids on British ships and famous for yelling "I have not yet begun to fight"
John Paul Jones
King of England during the American Revolution
King George III
Spaniard who held off British in New Orleans, but allowed Americans use of the port.
Bernardo de Galvez
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