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HISTORY FINAL II 2018
Terms in this set (100)
What is prejudice against Jews called?
What was the deadly move of prisoners of war taken in the Japanese defeat of the Philippines?
Bataan Death March
Type of government in which a single party or leader controls the political, economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
Head of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union
Granting concessions to maintain peace
During WWII, this alliance included Germany, Italy, and Japan
During WWII, this alliance included The United States, Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, and France
A document signed by the United States and Great Britain that endorsed national self-determination
After World War I, both Italy and Japan expected more?
Territory in exchange for their sacrifice during World War I
Which Political Party rose to power in Germany during the 1930's?
The Nazi party
One of the ways that Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by?
Outlawing political parties
Roosevelt delivered his "Four Freedoms" speech to?
Increase economic support for Great Britain
How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt's re-election in 1940?
Support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to?
Destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
After declaring war, the United States government...?
Transformed peacetime industries into war time industries
Why did President Roosevelt place a trade embargo against Japan?
To stop Japan from expanding its empire in Asia through military force
In Pearl Harbor..........
1) The Japanese launched a surprise attack against Pearl Harbor
2) The Untied States immediately declared war on Japan
Which explain help explain the rise of the totalitarian states/countries after WWI?
1) German resentment and bitterness over losing the war combined with severe economic problems
2) Frustration by the winning Allies like Italy and Japan who felt that they deserved more territory
3) The tendency of humans to want a strong leader to take responsibility for solving complex problems
The Allies decided to pursue a Europe first strategy because they...?
Beloved that Germany posed a more serious threat than Japan did.
Allied bombing of Germany in 1942 changed the war because it
helped pave the way for a later all-out offensive
How did wartime pressures create a "break" from the past?
Many Women took non traditional jobs in factories
Executive order 9066 affected civil liberties in the United States because it...
Designated war zones from which anyone could be removed from
D-Day (Battle of Normandy)
- the largest amphibious assault in history
- thousands of allied troops died trying to establish a beachhead
- within days, a million Allied troops had established a position in France
One of the effects of the Battle of the Bulge was that...?
Germany used its reserves and demoralized its troops in the battle
As American forces approach Japan, the Japanese forces...
Prove to be a formidable opponent who fought, tenaciously, almost to their last dying breath
Who made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
Harry S Truman
Many Jews were prevented from leaving Germany because...
Some countries refuse to except them during the great depression
What did Nazi Camp administrators due to identify people from different groups in the concentration camps?
Each group was assigned and wore a different colored insignia
What limited the initial US response to the Holocaust?
1)Economic fears related to the great depression
2)Many people underestimated Hitlers plans
3)Anti-Semitism in the state department
How did Japan change politically after World War II?
There was a new constitution and in-acted, and democratic reforms
Which two nations emerged as the strongest following World War II?
The United States and the Soviet Union
The United Nations was organized to...
Promote international cooperation and discourage aggression
In the years following World War II, many African Americans...?
Renewed their efforts to work for civil rights
Accepting defeat without any concessions
Dropping large amounts of bombs, TO INFLICT MAXIMUM DAMAGE
Dropping bombs that target key political and industrial centers
Insured fair hiring practices and jobs funded with the governments money
Executive order 8802
Created specific zones from which people could be removed in order protect the war effort
Executive order 9066
African-American labor leader who threatened FDR with a march on Washington DC
A Philip Randolph
Supreme Court case that challenge relocation and imprisonment of Japanese-Americans
Korematsu versus the United States
African-American pilots who protected bombers
The Tuskegee airmen
The plan to bring laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
The codename for the day when the allies launch their invasion of Normandy beach, France
Suicide bombIng by flying planes into American ships
Man who became president when FDR died; also made the decision to use the atomic bomb to end the war
Harry S Truman
World famous physicist and pacifist who wrote several letters to FDR regarding the building of an atomic bomb
The codename for secret project to develop an atomic bomb
The Manhattan project
The causing of atoms to split repeatedly in a controlled manner
A "chain reaction"
International agreement that governs the treatment of wounded soldiers in prisoners of war
The Geneva Convention
Meeting between Churchhill, Stalin, and FDR to discuss strategy for ending the war and plans for postwar Europe
The Yalta conference
Laws Passed by the Nazis other night at German Jews citizenship, segregated them in to get ours, and made marriage between Jews and Gentiles illegal
The Nuremberg laws
Conference between Atlee, Truman, and Stalin regarding post war plans
The intentional effort to exterminate particular; race, ethnic group, or religious group
Publicized it legal action against former Nazi officers and key leaders under Hitler's Regime for war crimes against humanity
The Nuremberg trials
US policy to limit communism
US policy to assist country struggling against communist movements
The Truman doctrine
The worldwide rivalry/war between the United States and the Soviet Union
The Cold War
Military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states
The Warsaw Pact
US policy giving massive loans and grants to western Europe
The Marshall plan
The military alliance of the United States and countries in Western Europe
The Committee that investigated people being accused of being subversives,Communist, and disloyal Americans was known as...
What made it a crime to advocate a violent overthrow of the United States government
The Smith Act
Whittaker Chambers accused who of being a communist spy
Actors who names were put on to a _____________ could no longer get work
Who level baseless accusations and untrue charges (during the Cold War era)
Who is convicted and executed for giving American nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union
Leader of the NATIONALIST Party in the Chinese Civil War
Leader of the COMMUNIST Party in the Chinese Civil War
Leader of the American UN forces during the Korean War
The dividing line between North and South Korea
The 38th parallel
Military alliance of the nations in southeast Asia for the purpose of mutual defense
Taking over an operation (like the Suez Canal) And putting it under the direct control of government
Was a stab list to coordinate American space related efforts, after the Soviets launched a satellite in 1957
Which countries remain under Soviet control after World War II?
Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria
Who first spoke of the ""iron curtain""?
In an attempt to gain control over West Berlin, the Soviet union...
Set up a total blockade of that section of the city
NATO in the Warsaw Pact were examples of...
Military alliances made for "collective security"
In Chinese Civil War, the United States backed...
The nationalist, led by Jiang Jieshie
In the 1950s, what event began a conflict on the Korean Peninsula
The North Korean army invaded south of the 38th parallel
What happened on September 2, 1949: to change US - Soviet relations?
The Soviet union set off an atomic bomb (And United States found out)
After the United States refused to fund the Aswan dam, Egypt's government...
Nationalize the Suez Canal
John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower secretary of state...
Promoted the policy of brinksmanship
The CIA participate in the cold war by...
Caring out secret operations in other countries
What was one place on the globe where the Cold War was "hot"?
J. Robert Oppenheimer was investigated because...
He had friends and family who belong to the Communist Party
Julius and Ethel Rothenberg were charged, convicted, and executed for...
Passing secrets about nuclear science off to the Soviet union
De facto segregation
Segregation by customer tradition
De Jure segregation
Segregation by law
Civil rights act of 1957
Created the commision of civil rights, and Gave the US Attorney General greater power to protect the voting rights of African-Americans
The chief justice of the Supreme Court at the time of Brown versus Board of Education
Which civil rights organization want to number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s?
The in NAACP
To which city did present Eisenhower sent federal troops to protect African-American students?
Little Rock, Arkansas
During what event did Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his I have a dream speech?
The march on Washington (In front of the Lincoln Memorial)
___________ Was one type of protest use by civil rights Activist during the 1950s
_____________ was assassinated in 1963
Martin Luther King Junior
President Johnson appointed the ____________ To investigate the causes of urban riots.
The first of the confrontations on the Edmund Pettus bridge during the March on Salama became known as...
What happened in many cities after the assassination of Martin Luther King Junior, and not long after the passing of the voting rights act of 1965?
What was the argument used to prevent affirmative action?
— It would violate the goal of creating a colorblind society —
The ____________ addressed discrimination in housing
The fair housing act
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