History Chapter 3
Terms in this set (40)
Three Fifths Compromise
slaves counted for 3/5 of a person for purposes of taxation and representation (compromise over slavery)
Member of the Virginia House of Burgesses who urged the house to take action against the Stamp Act
Called the Father of the Constitution because he wrote the basic plan of government adopted by the Constitutional Convention
people who opposed the Constitution
supporters of the constitution
The Great Compromise
Compromise over representation of small and large states.
(aka the Connecticut Compromise)
Rebellion of about 1000 angry farmers forced Massachusetts courts to close so they couldn't sell their farms to pay their debts
A change to the constitution
Bill of rights
A summary of basic rights guaranteed to people that the state could not take away
checks and balances
the system in which each branch has the ability to limit the power of the other branches
tax on imports
system of government where power is divided between state and national government
Rule by the people
(before the Civil War, the states had the right to vote to see if slavery would be allowed)
an economic slowdown
Separation of Powers
government principle where powers are divided between branches of government
power of the president to reject laws passed by the legislative branches
provided the basis for governing much of the western territory
chosen to preside over the constitutional convention
Delegate from Pennsylvania
number of states needed to ratify the Constitution
Debate in Virginia
Virginia held out on ratifying the constitution because they wanted to insure states' rights.
Which two states were the last to ratify the Constitution
North Carolina and Rhode Island
Under the articles of confederation each state could set a _____ on goods it imported
The U.S. Constitution was based on the concept of dividing governmental powers between the national and state governments, which was called ___________.
The presidential power of the ______ checks and balances the power of congress.
Many Anti-Federalist fears were laid to rest when the Federalists agreed to add a _____________ to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
After Shay's Rebellion many people thought the national government was too (weak or strong)
Under the Articles of Confederation governmental power rested more with (the state, the central government, shared equally)
At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise resolved the issue of
D. control of Trade
The plan that proposed a legislature divided into two houses
the Virginia plan
The framers ensured that the Constitution could evolve over time by establishing a process for __________ it.
The framers provided for a separation of powers in the federal government by
establishing executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Why were most anti-federalists against ratifying the Constitution?
Because it did not protect states' rights.
powers that belong only to the federal government
(coin money, regulate trade, maintain an army, create federal courts)
powers reserved by the states
(est. schools, set marriage and divorce laws, regulate trade within the state)
powers the state and federal government share
(taxes, borrow money, provide for public welfare, administer criminal justice)
A proposed law is a _____
Executive branch is
Judicial branch is
Congress and house of representatives
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