Quiz 1:

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Terms in this set (...)

mono-, uni-
one
bi-, di-
two
tri-
three
quad-, quadri-, tetra-
four
centi-
100, 1/100
milli-
1/1000
diplo-
double
hemi-, semi-
half, party
hyper-
more than normal
hypo-
below normal
mutli-, poly-
many
pan-
all
primi-
first
super-, ultra-
excessive
ipsi-
same
ipsilateral
affecting the same side of the body
contra-
opposite
contralateral
affecting the opposite side fo the body
supra-, super-
above, beyond
suprarenal
above a kidney
hypo-, infra-, sub-
beneath, under
hypodermic
beneath the skin
ab-
away from
abduct
to carry away by force or draw away from a given position
ad-
toward
addiction
compulsive need for a certain drug
ante-, pre-
before in time or in place
anteversion
an organ that is tipped forward
post-
after, behind
postnasal
lying or occurring behind the nose
per-
through or by
perspire
to excrete fluid through the skin
trans-
across
transdermal
drug can be absorbed through skin
ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra-
out, without, away from
extracellular
situated outside of a cell
intra-
within
intracellular
within the cell
inter-
between
intercellular
located between the cells
peri-, circum-
around
epi-
above, on
meso-, mid-
middle
para-
near, beside or abnormal
sym-, syn-
joined, together
subcutaneous injection
just below the layers of the skin
intramuscular injection
goes through the skin and down into the muscle layer of the skin
intradermal injection
right into the layers of the skin
intravenous injection
straight into the vein
prefixes related to negation
a prefix placed before a term forms a new word with the opposite meaning
what are the prefixes to negation?
a- (before a consonant), an- (before a vowel or the letter h), in-
macro-, mega-, megalo-
large or great
macroscopic
structures are large enough to be seen by the naked eye
micro-
small
microscopic
structures are so small that they can be seen only with a microscope
ante-, pre-, pro-
before
precancerous
describes abnormal growth that is likely to become a cancerous
post-
after or behind
postinfectious
describes the time after infection
brady-
slow
bradyphasia
abnormally slow manner of speech, often associated with mental illness
tachy-
fast
tachyphasia
abnormally rapid manner of speech, as may be present at manic phase of bipolar disorder
anti-, contra-
against
antiperspirant
inhibits perspiration
contraceptive
prevents conception
dys-
bad, difficult
dyslexia-
difficulty in reading, often reversing letters or having difficulty distinguish letter sequences
mal-
bad
malaise
vague feeling of bodily discomfort and fatigue
dia-
through, throughout, or completely
diagnosis
to completely define the nature of a disease
-ism
theory or process
-pod
foot
-tomy
cutting, especially as part of a surgical process.
-gram
something written," "drawing
An-
no, without
ex: anhydrous
Dys-
wrong
ex: dysfunction
Sub-
under
ex: subnormal
-itis
inflammation
-pnea
breathing
carditis
inflammation of the heart
dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing.
-ist
one who
biologist
someone who does biology
carcin
cancer
cardi
heart
derm
skin
articul
joint
or
mouth
ren
kidney
lith
stone
nephr
kidney
nephroscopy
diagnosing a kidney condition/disease by looking at it
renography
form of medical imaging of the kidneys that uses radiolabelling
combining forms
word roots are often combined with other word parts. however, when written alone, a vowel ends it or joins it with other words. ex: (a), (o)
cardi(o)logy
periophthalmitis
inflammation of the tissues surrounding the eye
peri-
around/surrounding
ophthalm
related to the eye
eponyms
diseases, organs, procedures, or body functions that are derived from the name of a person
abbreviation
shortened forms of words or phrases
-LOGY
the study or science of
-ist, er
one who
logist
one who studies or specialist
-ac, -ic, -logic, -logical
pertaining to
-iatrician
practitioner
-iatric, -iatry
medical profession or treatment
-logist vs -logy
logist = specialist
logy = specialty
crin-
to secrete
endo-
inside
esthesi-
sensation
an-
not
gastro-
stomach
enter-
intestines
gynec-
female
immun-
immune
ne-
new
nat-
birth
neuro-
nerve
onc-
tumor/cancer
ot-
ear
laryng-
larynx or voicebox
path-
disease
radi-
radiation
rheumat-
watery flow
ex: rheumatism
rhino-
nose
ur-
urinary tract
obstetr(o)
midwife
ped-
child, foot
psych-
mind
orth-
straight
geront-
elderly or aged
pathology
the study of the characteristics, causes and effects of disease.
epidemiology
studies the factors that determine the frequency and distribution of diseases
pharmacology
the study of drugs and their effects on living organisms
dentistry
concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures.
optometry
practice of vision care
radiopaque
substances (bones) that do not permit the passage of x-rays
radiolucent
substances (air, fat) readily permit the passage of x-rays.
anatomy
structure of the body and its parts
diagnostics
tests and procedures to establish a diagnosis
pathology
the names of diseases and disorders
surgery
operative procedures
therapy
treatment of a disease or abnormal condition
diagnosis
the identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures
signs
objective or definitive, evidence of an illness or disordered function
symptoms
subjective evidence as perceived by a patient
Example of signs
swelling, rash, burns, bloody nose
example of symptoms
pain, itching, anxiety
algi-, dynia-
pain
ophtalmodynia
pain in the eye
-edema
swelling
blepharedema
swelling of the eyelid
-malacia
soft or softening
ophthalmomalacia
abnormal softening of the eye
-megaly
enlargement
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
-oid
resembling
osteoid
resembling bone
-penia
deficiency
calcipenia
deficiency of calcium
-rrhea
flow or discharge
otorrhea
discharge from the ear
-spasm
twitching, cramp
blepharospasm
twitching of the eyelid
-stasis
stopping or controlling
-gram
a record
-graph
an instrument used to record the gram
-graphy
the process of recording
-meter
instrument used to measure
-scope
the instrument used for viewing
-scopy
the process of visual examination
pulse rate
number of pulse beats per minute
respiration rate
number of per minute
Physical Examination (PE)
investigation of the body to determine its state of health by palpation, percussion, auscultation using a stethoscope
palpation
pressing down on abdomen to feel for abnormal structures or pain
percussion
pounding on the back listening for abnormal sounds
auscultation
stethoscope is listening for abnormal sounds
Diagnostic radiology
use of x-rays and radioactive substances and with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases using any of the various sources of radiant energy
methods used for radiology
contrast imaging, CT, nuclear medicine, MRI, Sonography
contrast imaging
the use of radiopaque materials to make internal organs visible on x-ray images.
contrast medium
may be injected into a vessel, swallowed or introduced into a body cavity, resulting in greater visibility of internal organs or cavities outlined by the contrast material for contrast imaging.
computed tomography
uses advanced computers and computational methods to produce an image that is a detailed cross section of tissue similar to what one would see if the body or body part were actually cut into sections.
Nuclear scans/medicine
involves administering radiopharmaceuticals to a patient orally, into vein, or by having the patient breathe the material in vapor form.
Gamma cameras
detect the radioactivity emitted by the patient and map its location to form an image of the organ or system for nuclear scans
magnetic resonance
based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body
sonography
use of high frequency sound waves that are reflected back as echoes from tissue interfaces
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
amniocentesis
surgical puncture of the amnion
amnion
thin membrane that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy
-ectomy
excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
Neurectomy
partial or total excision of a nerve
-lysis
process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
neurolysis
destruction of nerve tissue or losing of adhesions surrounding a nerve
-tomy
incision
ophtalmotomy
incision of the eye
-plasty
surgical repair
rhinoplasy
surgical repair of the nose
colon(o)
colon, large intestine
colonoscopy
blephar(o)
eyelid
blepharoplasty
chir(o)
hand
chiroplasty
angl(o)
vessel
angioplasty
oste(o)
bone
osteotomy
trache(o)
tracheotomy
aden(o)
gland
adenectomy
append(o)
appendix
mast(o), mamm(o)
breast
mastectomy, mammoplasty
cerebr(o), encephal(o)
brain
encephalotomy
nephr(o), ren(o)
kidney
nephroscopy
tonsill(o)
tonsil
tonsillectomy
blephar-
eyelid
oto-
ear
condition of being without the nervous system
anesthesia
pertains to fever
febrile
cephalo
relating to head or skull
Gastroenterology
study of the digestive system and its disorders
obstetrician
specializes in pregnancy, labor, and delivery
dermatologist
skin specialist
psychiatry
branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders.
HIPPA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act