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Ed Psych Final
Terms in this set (94)
When Jennifer took algebra, she was really quick about solving two-step equations. She hasn't taken a math course in over a year, and she's struggling on the standardized test. She knows it's worth taking the time to figure out the steps again and solve the equations. She is using:
A societal designation of upper, middle, working, or lower class based on income, power, background, and prestige is called:
According to Piaget, three factors interact to influence cognitive development. Two of the factors are maturation and acting on the environment. What is the third factor?
According to cognitive evaluation theory, which of the following classroom events is most likely to increase students' intrinsic motivation to learn?
Ms. Carlson writes on the board the due date for science projects and suggests that students transfer the information to their notebooks
According to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, which children were required to reach proficiency and meet adequate yearly performance goals?
African Americans and Latino/a Americans, especially males, are punished more often and more harshly than other students, but they do not commit more serious offenses. How are teachers using culturally responsive management to address this inequity?
Teachers combine high expectations for appropriate behavior and warm teacher-student relationships
Alan's art project is due tomorrow. He and all other fifth graders in his school have the opportunity to submit drawings, and one of them will be chosen as the yearbook cover. Alan loves to draw and wants his picture to be chosen. He knows his idea is good and that he has the drawing skills to submit one of the best drawings, but he keeps playing his video games. What is lacking in Alan's case?
Approximately what percentage of children in the united states lives in low-income or poor families?
As a seven-year-old boy, Dean likes to catch butterflies and moths. He is fascinated by the colors and patterns on their wings. Today he saw several monarchs and caught one in his net. In his mental representations of butterflies and moths, the monarch he caught today is:
As a typical teen, Hanson spends more than 60 minutes a day on the Internet. He checks social media and Googles to find information for school. He gets distracted by links within sites and ads in the margins. As he multitasks, he follows links posted by friends and moves from one sit to another. he often forgets what he reads when he skims so many different sites. This type of internet searching often leads to:
As one of the few African American females at her high school, Rhonda is quite comfortable talking about race, enjoys inviting friends of other races to her house, and has dated boys of different races. She feels confident in her ability to make friends and maintain relationships without regard for racial differences. For her, racial differences are not a big deal. What stage of nigrescence does Rhonda's story illustrate?
Based on assumptions of the learning sciences, learning comes from:
Bethany talks to the person seated next to her and disrupts instruction during reading group, class discussions, and teacher presentations. No matter who is seated next to Bethany, she talks and interferes with learning. Who owns the problem in this situation?
Brenden is a student in Mrs. O'Donnell's high school algebra class. He barely passed math last year and knows he won't be able to succeed in algebra. He says he doesn't have the brains to do math no matter how much he works at it. The teacher offers to help him after school, but Brenden says it won't help. He's tried tutors before. Brenden's beliefs about himself illustrate:
Bryan went to the zoo with his first grade class. At the zoo, he saw alligators for the first time. He had never even seen pictures of alligators, but called them big-mouthed snakes. What basic tendency of thinking is Bryan using?
Carson's achievement in fifth grade has been remarkable. Last year in fourth grade, he had occasional problems with distractions and difficulty understanding what was expected, but this year he has no such problems. Based on studies of factors related to student achievement, which of the following factors most likely makes the largest impact on Carson's success?
His teacher's knowledge and skill in classroom management
Conrad notices that the new boy Stefano doesn't know what to do when the bell rings for lunch. Conrad goes to Stefano and tells him that the students leave their books at their desks and go to the lunchroom to line up for lunch. Conrad invites Stefano to go with him and a couple of other boys in fifth grade. Conrad demonstrates which one of Gardner's multiple intelligences?
Corrina is in the first grade. Her family left Mexico and moved to Texas a year ago. Corrina is having difficulty learning to speak and read in English. Based on the bilingual emergent literacy research, what should her teacher prioritize to help Corrina at this stage of literacy?
Focus on growth in receptive English language
Dewayne is engaged int he flowing activities. Which of the activities illustrates conservation?
Dewayne poured paint from the gallon bucket into his paint pan and realized it's the same amount of paint, but looks like less
Dr. Casey studied the effects of a particular after-school tutoring program on the academic achievement of children in extreme poverty in his state from preschool through fifth grade. What type of research is involved in such a study?
Dr. Sullivan conducts research that involves the amount of change in student scores on state math tests at the beginning of the year and at the end of the year for students in top teachers' classrooms. What type of research is Dr. Sullivan conducting?
During the social studies unit about poverty in the United States, Mr. Lambert presents facts and asks students to read two non-fiction articles on the topic. After students read the articles, Mr. Lambert wants to hear what they have to say about the issues surrounding people in poverty and the plight of children growing up in poverty. What teaching approach is most appropriate for his purpose?
Elvin speaks Spanish with his grandmother and English with everyone else at home, but he is starting school and needs to use english at school. Based on research about bilingualism, what should Elvin be encouraged to do about developing skills in both languages?
Keep developing skills in both languages. Being bilingual increases cognitive abilities.
Griffin has been cast as the lead character in the school play. He has a lot of lines to memorize and about three weeks before rehearsals begin. He plans to memorize about five pages per night, making sure he has memorized Act I by the end of the first week. What method of memorization is Griffin using?
In Jonathan Haidt's research, he identified three key principles that comprise his Social Intuitionist Model. Which of the following statements represents one of his key principles?
Moral values include loyalty, authority, sanctity, and liberty.
in maslow's hierarchy what are the deficiency needs?
Survival, safety, belonging, and self-esteem
In her inclusive classroom, Mrs. Dawson has one student with intellectual disabilities and an IQ just below 70 . What approach to learning should she take with this student?
Work on practical skills and concepts the student will need to use in adult life
In her small reading group, Mrs. Casey discussed new vocabulary words with the students.
She explained that the new word dugout is used to describe a place in the hillside that was
dug out by the pioneer family in the story and used for shelter. She asked students to draw a
picture to represent the new vocabulary word dugout to help them remember the meaning.
Which of the following students used divergent thinking to represent the word's meaning?
Julio drew a bear curled up in a dugout at the side of a rocky mountain.
In the following learning situations, which one is described in a way that illustrates a cognitive view of learning?
Carla listened carefully to the lesson about fractions and remembered learning similar information about time signature in her piano lesson.
In the following situations, students experienced different consequences in response to their negative behavior. Three of the students experienced natural or logical consequences. Which student experienced negative consequences or penalties?
The teacher required Jackie to write a reflective journal entry about what she did and how her behavior affected others
In the teachers' workroom, Mrs. White boasted that she squelched Martin's name-calling by making a video of him in the act of name-calling and sending it to his parents. Mrs. White's method is an example of:
Jailyn has dyslexia and withdraws from her group when the task involves oral reading. When her teacher realizes the function of this behavior, she tells Jailyn to ask one of the other students to read in her place. This intervention allows Jailyn to skip the oral reading without withdrawing from her group. This type of intervention is called:
Positive behavior support
Jana practiced her lines for the play and watched movies in which gifted actors portrayed characters similar to her character in the high school play. After her performance, her teacher and other adults and students told her she gave a stellar performance. She said she worked really hard to develop the character's wacky disposition. She attributed her success to:
Javier emigrated from Mexico with his family and is starting third grade with minimal ability to speak English. Mrs. Foster can't wait to see how much progress Javier will make in her class this year. This seems to be evidence of:
teacher's sense of efficacy
KT is a sixteen-year-old girl who describes herself as someone who loves sports, sees herself as less feminine than the other girls, and hangs out with the jocks at school. This self-description is directly associated with her:
Kim heard her grandmother speak Mandarin from the time she was born. Her adopted brother never heard Mandarin as a baby or as a child. As Kim grows up, she is more likely than her adopted brother to produce native sounds in Mandarin. This illustrates which of the three ongoing debates surrounding development?
Critical versus sensitive periods
Kolton is almost four years old and has an expressive vocabulary of about 1000 words. Based on milestones in early childhood language, what should Kolton's parents be doing to encourage Kolton's language development?
Help him tell stories and encourage play with other children.
Mason grew one inch between sixth grade and seventh grade. What type of developmental change is this?
Michael often gets out of his seat in the classroom. His buddy has noticed a pattern. Any time the teacher leaves the room, Michael gets out of his seat. When the teacher returns, she reprimands Michael. What is the antecedent of Michael's behavior?
The teacher leaves the room.
Miguel Moved to a new school around Thanksgiving in his 3rd grade class he is shy and has not made any friends by Valentine's Day. What unmet need is likely interfering with his learning?
Mr. Chavez teaches high school science. During the first week of school, he describes the diversity among his students. Which description is stereotypical?
An Asian American girl who is probably a model student
Mr. Grant is a reflective teacher who is always trying to improve his teaching practices to increase student learning. He has conducted several research projects and changed teaching strategies on the basis of the results. In his latest reflections, he predicted that his low-achieving students would complete their spelling tasks in less time and score higher on spelling tests if he began using a buddy system. In the research cycle, Mr. Grant has developed:
Mr. Larson is beginning a social studies unit about communities with his first grade students. He invited Mateo's dad, Mr. Gomez, to bring one of his masonry tools to class and demonstrate his work with his construction crew in building new homes. By tying Mr. Gomez's skill into the lesson, Mr. Larson is using:
Cultural funds of knowledge
Mr. McKay teaches about 100 students in his senior English classes in a large high school. If his students match the national norms for twelfth graders, how many of his students probably used marijuana, alcohol, or other illicit drugs in the past 30 days?
Mr. Mills instructs his students to practice the steps in the process over and over. As a result of students' practice, what is happening in their brains?
Strengthening of connections between neurons
Mrs. Carmike gives students three options for their projects at the end of a geography unit. These projects will assess students' knowledge and skills on the basis of the objectives she presented at the beginning of each lesson in the unit. Which of the following is Mrs. Carmike most likely to do in developing a rubric for grading the projects?
Include a criterion for judging the accuracy of information presented by each student.
Mrs. Carson wants her students to learn how to summarize as they read. She models the behaviors for the students and talks about each step she uses to summarize part of a story. For Mrs. Carson's students to begin to learn by observing her modeling, what elements of observational learning do they need to exhibit?
Apply triarchic reciprocal causality
Mrs. Franks is explaining a new concept in her algebra class. Some of the students are paying attention and trying to grasp the new concept, but two students flip small paper wads to each other every time Mrs. Franks turns toward the white board and another tosses a big wad into the air as a distraction. Which classroom management skill does Mrs. Franks need to demonstrate in this situation?
Mrs. Harper has three ELL students in her fourth grade class. Which of the following strategies is LEAST likely to help her ELLs progress with language skills and succeed academically?
Mrs. Harper corrects grammar and syntax as the ELL students answer questions and give reports in class.
Mrs. Kahn's science text includes numerous references to male scientists and their contributions to scientific knowledge, but very few female scientists. For each unit of study in her curriculum, Mrs. Kahn researches and identifies female scientists to highlight in her teaching. This illustration about Mrs. Kahn's text most directly demonstrates:
Mrs. Strasbourg made the following statement to her students. "Learning is an active process. Your learning leads you to higher levels of development. I will be working with you, guiding you to more advanced thinking this year. And you will be working together, learning from one another." Which theorist or theorists most likely agree with Mrs. Strasbourg's statement?
Ms. Anderson wants to encourage creative thinking in her students. She uses all of the following strategies and responses. Which one is LEAST likely to promote creativity?
Ms. Anderson teaches students how to use the LINCS steps to learn vocabulary
Ms. Cardot wants her students to enjoy math. In order to help students associate math with pleasant thoughts, she introduces new manipulatives at the math center each week to help students solve math problems. Often the manipulatives involve edible snacks. Ms. Cardot's approach is an example of:
Ms. Castello has tried several configurations for students to practice the Spanish conversations they memorize in the book. Students seem to enjoy the task most when they work in pairs around the classroom and dread the task when they are required to perform in front of the class. How might she use this information to provide negative reinforcement?
Remove the requirement to perform in front of the class if students focus and perform well in pairs
Ms. Dominguez is middle school science teacher who consistently gets high student reviews. Her students claim they learn more in her class than in any other class. Based on research about teacher effectiveness, Ms. Dominguez most likely does all of the following EXCEPT:
Maintain distant, reserved relationships with students
Ms. McDonald is a White non-Hispanic high school English teacher. She assigns lower grades to the African American athletes in her class than she assigns for comparable work submitted by White students. Whether her behavior is intentional or unintentional, what is the most likely interpretation of Ms. McDonald's behavior?
Her behavior exhibits her prejudice against African Americans and/or against athletes.
Ms. Moreno works with students at the upper elementary school level who are struggling to comprehend what they read in the content areas. Today, a group of her students is reading a passage in geography. After reading, one student pretends to be the teacher and asks the other three to summarize the passage. Next, the students generate questions to ask one another about the main idea. Then they clarify anything that was confusing and make predictions about what they will learn in the next section of the text. What procedure are these students using?
Ms. Tippens is a new sixth grade teacher. She is nervous about the responsibilities of teaching a classroom of 23 sixth graders. She is reading current articles about classroom management and setting goals as she prepares for the school term to begin. Which of the following should be one of her classroom management goals?
Help her students become better able to manage themselves
Ms. Valentino could tell from the first day of school that Javier was going to be one of her struggling Latino students. He came to school wearing worn clothes. No parent accompanied him, and he acted withdrawn and shy. By the end of the first grading period, she confirmed her impressions. Javier's grades were low. This scenario most likely illustrates:
a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Nearly 16 million or 22% of children in America live in poverty. About how many of these children live in extreme poverty?
Nine-year-old Connor is curious about technology and wants to become an engineer. Due to changes in No Child Left Behind legislation, his school received a large grant that funds a special technology program. Connor is particularly excited to be one of the participants in the program. According to Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, the legislative changes to place in which social/cultural ecosystem?
Punishment is often ineffective. Based on studies about the use of punishment, why is it typically ineffective?
It fails to teach children what to do in place of the behavior being punished
Raj smelled the aroma of the dinner rolls baking in the cafeteria down the hall from his classroom. What memory system is at work as Raj processes this stimulus?
Reese is a one-year-old child with hearing impairment.Her parents have been learning and using signed language since Reese's birth. What might they expect about their daughter's language skill development?
Reese will develop language skills at the same rate hearing children develop language skills.
Robyn is meeting her teachers on the first day of fifth grade. Based on questions they asked her, which one of Robyn's teachers seems to understand appropriateness of the use of labels and language associated with differences in abilities and disabilities?
"What do you like to do during recess?"
Russ broke the rule about using outdoor equipment outdoors only. He threw the baseball and put a dent in the trashcan. Now he is giving up his baseball privileges for two weeks as a result of his infraction. What method of punishment is being used?
Sanya spent hours preparing her presentation for Tuesday's assignment in speech class. When she gave her speech to her group, she failed to make eye contact with her audience, and she fidgeted with her hair. She had reminded herself to exhibit these specific skills, but lost points for failing to follow through during her presentation. She had the same problem with previous speeches. What basic need is not being met?
Selena's parents divorced recently, and Selena is having difficulty adjusting to the changes in her life. According to Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, which of Selena's social/cultural systems is most directly affected?
Sherita is now grasping the concept of conservation. She is most likely in what stage of development?
Sierra walked into class late and felt quite embarrassed. To make matters worse, she was having a bad hair day and felt like all eyes were on her, judging her, and rejecting her. Her thinking can be described as:
Students are working in groups. In one group, students make the following comments. Which student uses episodic memory in a comment?
"This is like the time we came up with a skit for Mr. Meeks in speech class and we all missed the point."
Students in Mr. Kester's class are practicing the strategy of organizing lecture information by using Cornell notes. Mr. Kester is circulating the classroom and giving students feedback about their notes. Some of the students have used the strategy effectively and the feedback from Mr. Kester is positive. Others are struggling, and the feedback provides additional instruction. Mr. Kester's class is at what stage of transfer of this strategy?
Students in Mr. McKay's class are generating ideas about ways to deal with the problem of limited resources for the homeless high school students in their area. They are consulting a variety of resources and experts to represent multiple perspectives on the topic. They want their conclusion to be plausible and plan to invite the mayor to give feedback about their ideas. What approach is Mr. McKay using in this setting?
Teachers often assign roles for students to perform in their cooperative groups. Which role is typically responsible for explaining concepts and helping the group understand academic content?
The national Common Core Standards have been adopted by many states. Why might implementation pose problems for teachers, students, and schools?
The high expectations of the Common Core Standards do not match current curricula and texts.
The principal at Bragg Elementary School held a meeting in which he reminded teachers to create learning environments that represent constructivist perspectives. Which of the following environments is LEAST likely to meet the principal's expectations?
Another teacher puts his notes on PowerPoint and lectures from them to help students take precise notes that capture the content without misunderstandings.
Think about students' needs in the classroom. Based on studies, which of the following high school teachers is most likely to have students with greater conceptual learning and higher school attendance?
Mr. Andrus allows his students to choose among three types of projects they will do as a culminating activity in the history unit.
Various perspectives on learning are represented in the diverse views and theories that form the four pillars for teaching:: behavioral cognitive contructivist and social cognitive. Which perspective views the teacher's role as one of model, motivator and facilitator of learning as well as model of self-regulated learning?
What types of problems do student confront in problem-based learning?
When Deion was in the first grade, he realized that he didn't learn math as fast as most other children. He took tests, and the psychologist informed him and his mom that Deion had a learning disability and would likely continue to struggle with math. As a third grader, Deion reads when it's time to do math seatwork. He believes he is unable to learn math. He has developed:
Which of the following assessments is most likely to be viewed as an objective test of students' skills and knowledge?
Which of the following children of poverty is most likely to perform well in school?
Jeb's teacher calls on him frequently and expresses high expectations of his academic performance.
Which of the following research designs involves ethnographic research?
Following a group of Hmong students who attend a public elementary school in Minneapolis to understand their acculturation at school
Which of the following situations is an example of subtractive bilingualism?
Jasmina learned Croatian as a baby.She became fluent in English when her family moved to Minneapolis and eventually forgot her Croatian
Which of the following statements illustrates measurement (as defined in assessment terminology)?
Connor answered 14 out of 15 questions correctly.
Which of the following students is probably most efficient in his multitasking?
Owen is listening to Mozart and reading his literature assignment.
Which of the following tasks is appropriate for practicing complex learning strategies?
Compare the settings and characters of the two stories.
Which of the following teachers is most likely to encourage emotional self-regulation in the classroom?
Ms. Travis avoids listening to Melba's tattle tales about a classmate during a group activity and encourages Melba to focus on performing her role in the group.
Which of the following teachers uses language that perpetuates gender bias?
Mrs. Woodson asks her students if any of them know a policeman.
Which of the following teachers uses preferred language?
I have four students with special needs in my classroom.
Which one of the following examples illustrates appropriate use of high-stakes testing?
Ms. Davis used high-stakes testing as the basis for recommending remedial work for students who failed in specified subjects.
Which teacher seems to have the right idea about the interpretation and use of IQ test scores?
Germaine's score of 94 suggests that he may struggle, but I need to look at other indicators as well.
Which teacher seems to understand the ethics involved in using behavioral methods?
"Stay in your seat until you finish this task and meet your goal. It will help you focus on the material and learn."
Which type of goals is most likely to enhance motivation and persistence?
Goals that can be reached fairly soon
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