IB History 7
Terms in this set (22)
the civilian population (and their activities) of a country at war
unrestricted submarine warfare
Sinking ships without warning. German's sunk the Bristish passenger ship Lusitania May 1915. 1200 killed included 130 Americans. Wilson demanded reparations and apology. Bryan instructed to send memo to Germany, hesitant, but did. Germans said Lusitania was armed (false) and carrying military cargo (true, British was using civilians to shield war cargo). Bryan refused to write 2nd note and resigned as Sec of State. Replaced by Robert Lansing who DID write 2nd note, and Germans pledged not to use USWarfare, civilians would be allowed to evacuate
all-out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat
"Lafayette, we are here."
These words were spoken during World War I at the tomb of the Marquis de Lafayette during a speech honoring his heroic service in the cause of the American Revolution. On 4 July 1917 Paris celebrated American Independence Day. A U.S. battalion marched to the Picpus Cemetery, where several speeches were made at Lafayette's tomb.
a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties; truce: it was between the Italians and the Allies.
a British Army officer renowned especially for his liaison role during the Arab Revolt against Ottoman Turkish rule of 1916-18. The extraordinary breadth and variety of his activities and associations, and his ability to describe them vividly in writing, have earned him international fame as Lawrence of Arabia.
The March + November Revolutions, 1917
a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd traditionally dated to 25 October 1917 Old Style (O.S.), which corresponds with 7 November 1917 New Style (N.S.).
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
a war hero, was elected to be german president when he was 84 and in poor health. the nazis took full advantage of his old age
treaty making peace btwn Germany and Russia
a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
artificial, substitute foods for the key food items that a country was in short supply of
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Stock speculator who was appointed to War Industries Board, a commission disbanded shortly after WWI ended
France vs. Germany, France led by Nivelle. Poorly defended, Germans lost, lost 700,000 men
A poorly planned and badly executed Allied campaign to capture the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli during 1915 in World War I. Intended to open up a sea lane to the Russians through the Black Sea, the attempt failed with more than 50 percent casualties on both sides.
largest naval battle of WWI; only full-scale clash of battleships in WWI; fought between the German and British fleets; the German's were attempting to lure out some of the British fleet to trap and destroy, because Germany's navy was much smaller; Britain intercepted Germany's plans, and therefore escaped their trap; neither side actually 'won' the battle, however they both claimed to have done so.
First battle of WWI -Germany defeated France, but could not rush to the east in time- Defeated by rest of alliance -Stopped the Schlieffen Plan
The allied nations united under this supreme commander in 1918. "To make war is to attack."
Sunk in 1915 by a German submarine. 139 American killed. Forced Germany to stop submarine warfare.
United States general who commanded the American forces in Europe during World War I (1860-1948)
Britain's best-known Admiral at the start of the war; had defensive, cautious approach to naval warfare but was successful in economic blockade of Germany
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