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40 terms

Parts of the Bones

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compact bone
tightly packed, the dense, hard, and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones
spongy bone
open spaces, mesh-like bone tissue containing marrow and fine branching canals through which blood vessels run
long bones
femur, humurus
short bones
carpals, tarsels
flat bones
skull, ribs, sternum
irregular
vertebrae, hip
diaphysis
shaft of the bone
epiphysis
ends of bone
periosteum
outside covering of bone
red marrow
makes all blood cells
yellow marrow
mainly fat
osteon
basic functional unit of the bone
osteocytes
mature bone cells
osteoblasts
bone forming cells
osteoclasts
cells that break bone down
axial skeleton
skull, vertebrae, thorax
appendicular
extremities or limbs
sinuses
air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity
clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
humerus
upper arm
radius
forearm
carpals
wrist
metacarpals
palm
phalanges
fingers
femur
thigh bone
lower leg
tibia
fibrous joint
immovable, two or more bones joined by connective tissue containing many fibers
cartilaginous joints
slightly movable, allow only slight movement and consist of bones connected entirely by cartilage
synovial
freely moving
ligament
bone to bone attachment
tendon
bone to muscle attachment
osteoporosis
degeneration of the bone layers
osteoarthritis
wear n tear disease
rheumatoid arthritis
A chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammation of the joints, stiffness, pain, and swelling that results in crippling deformities
tarsus
ankle
metatarsals
bones of the foot between ankle and toes
bursitis
inflammation of the bursa
tendonitis
inflammation of the tendons
epiphyseal plates
where bone growth occurs