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63 terms

Organ System Notes

this is my organ system notes.
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organ
Performs a specific job for the body.
organ system
A group of organs working together to get a specific job done.
digestive
Your body's food processing system.
mouth
Vomerine teeth, maxillary teeth, tongue, eyeballs
esophagus
Food travels from the mouth down the _______ to the stomach.
stomach
Crushes and mixes food with digestive juices. Food is pushed into small intestine.
small intestine
Continues digestion and absorbs digested food nutrients into blood through villi. Most digestion occurs here.
villi
Finger-like projections.
large intestine
Absorbs water from undigested food.
cloaca
Stores waste.
cloacal opening
The common passageway out of the frog for waste, urine, eggs, and sperm.
liver
Produces bile to digest fats, removes toxins from the blood, and stores extra sugar.
gall bladder
Stores bile.
pancreas
Releases digestive juices (or enzymes) to the small intestine and produces insulin.
circulatory
Your body's transportation system.
oxygen, food
The circulatory system delivers _____ and _____ to the cells.
white blood cells, hormones
The circulatory system transports _______ and _______ (chemical messengers) around the body.
human
Has 4 chambers and a wall or septum to keep oxygenated and non-oxygenated blood seperated.
amphibian
Has 3 chambers which makes the blood mix.
arteries
Carry the blood away from the heart. Most ______ carry food and oxygen.
veins
Carry blood to the heart. Most ______ carry carbon dioxide and waste.
capillaries
Where food and oxygen are exchanged for waste and carbon dioxide.
spleen
Removes worn out red blood cells or "dead reds".
respiratory
Supplies the body with oxygen and removes the carbon dioxide from the body.
internal and external nares
Used for breathing outside of water. Close underwater.
glottis
Flap of skin preventing food and water from entering the trachea and lungs.
trachea
Commonly known as the windpipe, this is the breathing tube to the lungs. Funnels air into the lungs.
lungs
Filters in oxygen from the inhaled air, which diffuses into the blood. Filters out carbon dioxide from the blood to the exhaled air.
skin
Allows frog to breathe underwater. Removes oxygen from the water.
respiratory
Works with the circulatory system to get oxygen to the cells and carbon dioxide away from the cells.
excretory
Your body's waste system.
kidney
Removes nitrogen waste from the blood and mixes with water to make urine.
urinary bladder
Stores urine.
liver
Makes bile. Removes toxins and stores extra sugar.
lungs
Exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide. Removes Co2.
skin
Carbon dioxide can leave blood through the skin while under water.
spleen
Removes worn out blood cells.
reproductive
Produces offspring (babies).
thumb pad
Male only. Used to grip female during process of external reproduction.
testes
Male only. Produces and stores sperm.
ovaries
Female only. Produces and stores eggs.
oviduct
Female only. Carries eggs from the ovary to the cloaca.
cloaca
Male and female. Common passageway out of the frog for wastes, eggs, and sperm.
muscular
Your body's movement system. (Bones and organs)
foreleg
Used for balance, support, and landing.
hind leg
Used for leaping and swimming.
webbed foot
Used to push water while swimming.
tongue
Used to catch prey by flipping out of the mouth.
skeletal
Voluntary: Moves body/bones.
smooth
Involuntary: Lines/Moves organs
cardiac
Involuntary: Only the heart
skeletal
Protects and supports the body. Bones and teeth of an organism.
maxillary teeth
Around the edge of the mouth. Used to grip and shred prey.
vomerine teeth
Two sharp teeth. Used to prevent prey from escaping and to crush prey.
nervous
Your body's communication network/senses system. Carries signals/messages around the body.
brain
Control center. Controls all body functions.
spinal cord
Carries messages between brain and spinal cord.
spinal nerves
Carry nerve signals from the spinal cord to parts of the body.
sight
Eye
hearing
Tympanum
smell
Lining of nares
touch
skin
taste
tongue (very basic)