30 terms

Poetry Terms

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Poetry
A form of writing that often uses imagery, rhyme or rhythm to create an emotional response.
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhyme in a poem; each line is assigned a letter and lines that rhyme are given the same letter.
Rhythm
A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, or smell).
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like their meaning.
Alliteration
The repetition of INITIAL consonant sounds in words that are close together.
Personification
Giving human qualities to an object, animal, or idea.
Symbolism
When an object or idea represents something else.
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as.
Metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things, WITHOUT using the words like or as.
Hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds within neighboring words.
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words.
Figurative Language
Comparisons between unrelated things or ideas to reveal the familiar in surprising ways. Similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, imagery, and allusion are all types of this.
Ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story, often about adventure or romance.
Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story and includes a plot and characters
Stanzas
When lines are organized in units of meaning; always separated by extra white space.
Repetition
when a poet repeats words, or lines
Free Verse
poetry that lacks structure. It does not have a regular rhyme, rhythm, or stanza patterns
Haiku
a three line Japanese form that describes something in nature. The first and third lines have five syllables, and the second line has seven.
Concrete Poems
poems that are shaped to look like their subjects.
Speaker
The voice that talks to the reader.
Form
The way a poem is laid out on a page.
Traditional Poem
A poem that follows strict rules.
Meter
A repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Couplet
A stanza with TWO lines.
Line
A group of words in a row.
Idiom
A common, often-used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
Allusion
A reference to another piece of work (writing, movie, pop culture) within a text. "We aren't in Kansas anymore" would be an _____________ to the Wizard of Oz.
Tone
The attitude of the author towards the subject.

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