Beginning of the 20th Century in Spain
Terms in this set (12)
Period from 1902-1923
Different governments tried to modernise Spain and create a liberal democracy.
Crisis of 1917
The war with Morocco and the failing of the political reforms led to the crisis and disfrust of the government and the army.
Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera
From 1923 to 1930.
General Primo de Rivera stated a coup and the king Alfonso XIII supported him.
The courts were dissolved and they set a Military Dictatorship.
Objective of Primo de Rivera
He unsuccessfully tried to create a system similar to Italian fascism.
He couldn't and had to resign in 1930.
Aftermath of the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera
Alfonso XIII lost the support of the politicians and the people, so he couldn't maintain his position.
Period from 1931-1936
Was stated after the Republicans won the Municipal Elections.
Reforms of the Second Republic
Social and economic reforms of the Second Republic
Took land from landowners and distributed it among the peasants.
Improved working conditions for factory workers.
Promoted primary education.
Modernised Spain's army.
Removed the Church's political influence
Recognised the autonomy of Cataluña, País Vasco and Galicia.
Women could vote.
Tensions during the Second Republic
Accusations of corruption
Assassination of political leaders
Election of 1936
In this election, the left-wing political party "Frente Popular" won, forming the new Spanish Government.
Coup of 1936
Marked the beginning of the Spanish Civil War
It was led by a group of generals who revolted against the Republican government.
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A healthy lifestyle
Health and illness
Contemporary period glossary
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World War I
World War II