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Vocabulary terms and people associated with the founding of Rome, the Roman Republic, and the early Roman Empire.
Terms in this set (24)
Wealthy, land-holding, upper-class, group of powerful Romans. (They were the rich people of Rome.)
Common, regular people of Rome. They were the farmers, artisans, and merchants who had little wealth or power. They elected tribunes to represent them in government. (They were the poor people of Rome.)
The law-makers of Rome. Made up of 300 members from the Patricians. They served for life.
Two officials who headed the Roman Republic government. They were elected by the Senate. One managed the government and the other commanded the army.
"I forbid" - to forbid/prevent a law from going into effect. Consuls could veto each other's laws.
A person who was given total power in times of crisis. But the power was temporary.
He was made dictator (absolute ruler) in 45BC. He realized Rome needed reforms, so he gave land to the poor and increased the Senate to 900 members. By increasing the number of Senators, he weakened the Senate's power. He was assassinated by some senators 44BC.
A prisoner, criminal, or slave who served as a professional fighter in Rome. The most famous place they fought at was the Colosseum.
The river where Rome was founded.
A government where some citizens have the right to elect their leaders.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); Rome won all 3 wars and Carthage was destroyed. Rome became the dominant power in the western Mediterranean.
Carthaginian military commander in the 2nd Punic War. Attempted a surprise attack on Rome by crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
Land surrounded by water on three sides. Greece and Italy are both peninsulas.
200 year period of peace in Rome.
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
The ruler of an empire.
The title given to a Roman ruler.
A word that Romans used to refer to anyone outside the empire who did not share in the Greek or Roman cultures. Some barbarian tribes were the Vandals, the Visogoths, the Ostrogoths, the Huns.
The belief in or worship of many gods and goddesses.
A Jew who said he was the fulfillment of the Jewish prophets and became the Messiah. Savior of the world (according to Christians).
execution involving being nailed to a cross and dying through suffocation
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Roman emperor who began first persecution of Christians.
Romulus and Remus
Legendary story of two brothers who are considered the founders of Rome.
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