31 terms

AP US History Period 1 and 2 Flashcards

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Columbian Exchange
Trade of goods/viruses/people from New to Old World
Joint Stock Company
People in Britain pool money for colonization

Ex: VA company settling Jamestown in 1607
Sir Walter Raleigh
Settles Roanoke which becomes the Lost Colony in 1587
Jamestown
Settled in 1607 by VA company

Led by Capt. John Smith who declared "he who shall not work shall not eat"
Powhatans
Indians that live near Jamestown and supply them with food

Once they stop the Virginians die of starvation
John Rolfe
Starts tobacco as a cash crop (the first one) and marries Pocahontas
Indentured Servitude
Lucrative way to get Brits over to US by paying for journey but making them indentured servants for 7 years

Had high death rate and only 50% made it to end of terms
Headright system
Gave away free land to rich people who paid for the passage of indentured servant
House of Burgesses
Virginian democratic tradition with an elected house that used power of the purse on the Governor
Puritanism
The belief of purifying the Anglican church from catholic practices
Separatists
Wanted to separate from Church of England and landed in Plymouth in 1620. More radical form of Puritanism.
Mayflower Compact
Signed by the Pilgrims on the ship that gave consent of the governed (not God), assemblies, and a legal code (1620)
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Founded by Puritans (non-separatists) in 1629

Saw themselves as the "city upon a hill" and believed they have a contract with God

Had a protestant work ethic
John Winthrop
First gov/founder of the Mass. Bay Colony
Roger Williams
Believed that church and state should be separate and was exiled to RI
Anne Hutchinson
Believed that the ticket to salvation was faith and a merciful god, not obeying moral authority and good deeds

Was exiled from Mass. Bay
Dominion of New England
(1686) Brits combined NH, RI, MA, CT under the command of Gov. Andros. The colonists revolted in 1692 and drove out the governor
Salem Witch Trials
(1692) A hysterical reaction of the Dominion of New England or Halfway Covenant
Fundamental Orders (America's first Constitution)
The first sort of constitution of the colonies in Connecticut (1639)
Maryland
Founded by Lord Baltimore as a gift from the King and a haven for catholics
Act of Toleration
To appeal Maryland to more people they allow all christian faiths (1649)
Native Conflicts
Pequot War and Metacom/King Philip's War
Metacom/King Philip's War
Ended the native presence in the colonies (1676)
Slaves in Colonies
Come over in 1619 on Middle Passage of Triangular Trade

Generally worked on plantations in the South growing cash crops such as indigo, cotton, tobacco, and rice

Some worked in north in houses

Only worked for the rich
New England Confederation
The first major attempt at consolidation among colonists
Bacon's Rebellion
(1676) Nathaniel Bacon wants William Berkley (governor) to let him start a militia to fight the Indians to get more land for new settlers in the west

Berkley says no and Bacon starts a rebellion against him

Bacon dies and his rebellion doesn't end up all that successful but it is the first populist uprising in America
William Berkely
Colonial gov. of VA during Bacon's Rebellion
New England vs. Middle vs. South
New England: focuses on trade ports (Boston) and has only subsistence farming. Has a puritan work ethic.

Middle: the Bread Basket colonies, they have lots of grain and are more diverse than NE. Also have port cities (NY)

Chesapeake: A mixture of the lower south and the middle colonies. Major crop is tobacco

Lower South: Has a stronger hierarchy and cash crops of cotton, rice, and indigo.
Georgia
The colony that acted as a "buffer" between the Spanish in Florida and the remaining colonies to the North.
William Penn/Pennsylvania
He received land from the King of England to begin his Quaker "holy experiment" in America...they were pacifists and had good relations with Native Americans.
Two-House Legislature, Male Voting, Mayflower Compact, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, and Town Hall Meetings
These are the 4 main forms of democracy that were formed in the New England colonies.