27 terms

Argentina

Sites and cultural information of Argentina
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Terms in this set (...)

Buenos Aires
Capital city of Argentina; at the mouth of the Río de Plata
Iguazú
Waterfalls on the border with Brasil. It is immense.
Ushuaia
Southernmost city in the world
porteños
A name for the residents of Buenos Aires
Las Pampas
grassy plains, land of the gauchos; flat grazing land
Bariloche
A ski resort town in the Andes Mountains. This area is known as "the Switzerland of the Andes."
democratic republic
Type of government currently in Argentina
Aconcagua
Highest point in the western hemisphere
La Boca
a district of Buenos Aires known for the colorful houses and Tango music heard there.
mate
Type of tea drunk by Argentinians in the afternoon. Served in special wooden cups with metal straws (bombillas).
Tierra del Fuego
the "Land of Fire"; group of islands at the most southern tip of South America
Magellan
Portuguese explorer who first sailed around the tip of South America
las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo
the group of women who have demanded justice for their children and grandchildren who were kdinapped by the government during the Dirty War
gaucho
an Argentine cowboy
la Casa Rosada
Argentina's presidential palace
Isabel Perón
the first female president of the western hemisphere
alfajores
cookies filled with dulce de leche
asado
a cookout
empanadas
pastries filled with meat and cheese
estancia
an Argentine ranch
Juan Díaz de Solis
first Spanish explorer to claim Argentina for Spain; named and exlored el Río de la Plata
Perito Moreno
large freshwater glacier
Salta
city in northwest Argentina known for its Spanish colonial arquitecture
San Martín
national hero of Argentina
tango
dance that originated in the immigrant neighborhoods of Buenos Aires in the 1800s
Juan Perón
elected President of Argentina 3 times
Evita
nickname for the beloved First Lady of Argentina

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