10 terms

Chapter 2 - Principles of Film Form

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How and why do we differentiate between form and content in a movie, and why are they relevant to one another?
Content is the subject of the artwork and Form is the means by which that subject is oppressed. Content provides something to express while Form supplies the methods and techniques necessary to present it to the audience.
What expectations of film form can filmmakers exploit to shape an audience's experience?
The work of the director and screenwriter were attractive to the audience, so they would see another movie directed by them again. Also, positive reviews from friends and advertisements.
What is parallel editing, and how does it utilize pattern?
A technique that makes different lines of action appear to be occurring simultaneously. It creates an illusion of connections among these various shots, leaving us with an impression of continuous anxiety-producing drama.
In what other ways do movies use patterns to convey meaning? How do they create meaning by breaking an established pattern?
Movies use patterns to confuse the viewer and make it seem as if the scene is going to go in a certain direction, to then immediately change story-line and catch the audience unprepared. Also, certain types of shot can change the established pattern. This is achieved by first having a sequence of shots that establish a certain mood, to then change light, color, framing, content and the world.
How do the movies create an illusion of movement?
Two interacting optical and perceptual phenomena: persistence of vision and the phi phenomenon. Persistence of vision is the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it, while the phi phenomenon is the illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly.
How does a movie manipulate space?
Movies can move seamlessly from one space to another (from a room to a landscape to outer space), make space move (when the camera turns around or away from its subject, change the physical, psychological, or emotional relationship between the viewer and the subject), or fragment time in many different ways.
How do movies manipulate time?
Passing with slow motion or extreme compression of vast swaths of time. The cinema also condensed time within scenes. Crosscutting is crucial to show events occurring at the same time. Time may also be frozen temporarily, known as the freeze-frame.
What is the difference between realism and anti-realism in a movie, and why is verisimilitude important to them both?
Realism is a interest in or concern for the actual or real; tendency to view or represent things as they really are. While anti-realism is an interest in or concern for the abstract, speculative, or fantastic. Verisimilitude is important to them both because it can achieve a convincing appearance of truth.
What is meant by cinematic language? Why is it important to the way that movies communicate with viewers?
Cinematic language is defined as the accepted systems, methods, or conventions by which the movies communicate with the viewer. It's important because it makes a more complex meaning to the viewer.
Why do we identify with the camera lens?
Because it creates meaning and a set of techniques.
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