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30 terms

ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATION

basic principles which describe electron configurations of atoms in neutral state
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Hund's Rule
Every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.
Pauli Exclusion Principle
(Only 2 electrons can be in an orbital and they must have opposite spins)
Valence electrons
Outermost electrons of an atom (in highest energy level). These determine the chemical properties of an element.
Aufbau principle
Electrons fill the lowest energy level subshell first before moving to the next level.
6
the maximum number of electrons which can occupy any p subshell
10
the maximum number of electrons which can occupy any d subshell
14
the maximum number of electrons which can occupy any f subshell
atomic number of an element
Number of protons in an atom
isotopes
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons.
tritium
An isotope of hydrogen that contains one proton and two neutrons per atom.
the identity of an element is determined by the number of __________in the atom
protons
a neutral atom has the same number of
electrons and protons
photon
A bundle of energy that is released when an atom loses an electron, A bundle of light energy that is emitted as an electron in an excited state relaxes from a higher energy level to its normal, lower energy level
18
the maximum number of electrons which may reside in the 3rd energy level n=3
8
the maximum number of electrons which may reside in the 2nd energy level n=2
orbitals
A region of space around the nucleus where an electron is likely to be found.
what do the designations s,p,d,f indicate
different electron orbitals within an energy level
group
the name of the vertical column on the modern periodic table
period
the horizontal rows in the modern periodic table
valence electrons
elements in the same group have the same number of _____________________
noble gas
Completely nonreactive family of nonmetals; having 8 valence e-
alkali earth metal
name for Group 2 on periodic table
alkali metals
name of Group 1 on periodic table
halogens
7 valence electrons in the outermost energy level. Very reactive
metalloid
Are element with properties that fall between those of metals and nonmetals.
elements in the same group generally have________ properties
similar
elements in the same period generally have_________ properties
different properties
anion
A negatively charged ion
cation
A positively charged ion
Excited state electrons lose energy when they....
move to a lower energy level...