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Psychology Exam 4 TERMS
Terms in this set (67)
How people think about other people, interact in relationships and groups, and are affected by their relationship with others.
inferences about the causes of events, own and others behaviours
fundamental attribution error
Automatically blame them for their circumstances. Bias to attribute internal causes for other people's behavior.
self serving bias
Self-serving causes to our successes, external for our failures. Attribute external causes for your own feelings.
overall evaluation about some aspect of the world
cognitive component of attitude
what you believe or know about the object, topic, or component
conflict of attitude and behavior
efforts to change people's attitudes in response to information one provides
elaboration likelihood model (ELM)
a model that predicts responses to attempts at persuasion by distinguishing between different routes to persuasion.
central route of persuasion
decisions based on the content of the message. logic & reason.
peripheral route of persuasion
decisions based on the attractiveness and expertise of the source. About the # of arguments exposed to, not the quality.
mere exposure effect
How simply being exposed to something or someone can change your attitude towards it
negative ATTITUDE or prejudgement toward members of a group
negative/unfair BEHAVIOR toward individuals from a specific group because of unjustified negative attitudes about that group
Creation of categories of people. In-group and out-group.
social learning theory
Learning through the observation of others. Prejudice transmitted through culture.
The increase awareness of similarities in two groups through contact
people usually think of their own group favorably
is usually disliked and assumed to possess more undesirable traits.
Recategorizing people if you find similarities with them.
working together with another group to reach a common goal.
The more you come in to contact with someone, the more you like them
secure style of attachment
Adults who seek closeness and interdependence in relationships and are not worried about the possibility of the loss of the relationship
avoiding style of attachment
Adults who are uncomfortable with intimacy and closeness
anxious ambivalent style of attachment
Adults who have mixed feelings, fear and desire, for a relationship
2+ people with interaction and emotional connection
basic rules by how a group should act, just understood. Social norms affect how we are with people vs. how we are alone.
Written down or not, each person in a group is associated with a position.
Change in behavior in order to follow a group's norms. Comply with things they know are wrong.
One who disagrees. Conformity will decease with this
Complying with the direct command of someone in a group.
Change in performance with an audience.
Change in productivity in a group.
Group decisions are different than what the individual would decide. Often with juries in jury trials.
Lack of critical analysis among close group members. Leads to harm, injury, or death.
Helping someone without expecting anything in return
you're more likely to get help if there are a handful of people as opposed to a lot of people
decrease of offers in assistance as there is an increase in bystanders
diffusion of responsibility
diminished sense of responsibility to help as # of bystanders grows
psychological (mental) disorder
Mental condition characterized by symptoms that create significant distress, impair work, school, family, relationships, or daily living, or lead to risk or harm
the medical model
Conceptualization of psychology abnormalities as diseases that have symptoms and causes and possible cures.
scientific labels that describe symptoms
causation and development of mental illness.
How someone will develop with treatment/without treatment.
Presence of more than one disorder. Increases diagnostic difficulty.
Reaction to immediate threat or danger. Identifiable threat, physical reaction.
Worry about something that might happen in the future. Not currently identifiable. Cognitive reaction.
generalized anxiety disorder
Anxiety-based, worrying disorder. NOT fearful. Worry about everything in all aspects of life, don't get a lot of sleep. 1/20 college students.
specific focus of fear. Panicked in the presence of something you fear.
Fear of going out in public. Linked to panic disorder - afraid of having panic attacks in public.
social anxiety disorder
Fear of social interaction with other human beings.
Overwhelming attack of fear that occurs for no reason in a panic disorder.
Excessive, unwanted repetitive obsessions/thoughts. Compulsions and behaviors occur.
disorder from being exposed to life-threatening traumatic event and feeling helpless. Nightmares & flashbacks.
Disorders of emotion
major depressive disorder
depressed mood or loss of interest in nearly all activities.
Cycling of two polar extremes over long periods of time.
neurotransmitter affected in mood disorders
raised not allowed to become independent, kids who are abused. LEarn there is nothing you can do to change your circumstances, tend to get depression.
Amnesia, identity disorder, depresonalization-derealization disorder. People have traumatic events.
somatic symptom disorders
have focus on physical symptoms - like pain - to the point that it causes major emotional distress and problems functioning.
Disorder of thought, lose contact with reality.
false perception of something that is not there
belief that can't possibly be real. Ex. you are an orange.
Absence of normal behavior. Bathing, talking, hygiene, cooking meat, etc.
antisocial personality disorder
pathological disregard for any other person
Legal concept that a person cannot be held responsible for his/her actions BECAUSE OF MENTAL ILLNESS
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