US History: Test 3
Terms in this set (65)
President of South Vietnam
What did US think should happen to Theiu government?
The US wanted him to stay in power.
What did Communists think should happen to Theiu government?
Communists said Theiu should step aside for a coalition government.
made up of all different groups of people
National Secretary Advisor to Nixon, led peace talks.
wanted a gradual withdrawal of the US so the south Vietnamese(ARVN) should have a more active combat role.
Problem with Vietnamization
The ARVN wasn't very good at fighting.
Peace with Honor
Part of Nixon and Kissinger's Vietnamization policy. They intended to maintain US digits through withdrawal of war and to preserve US clout and negotiation at table.
doing anything to stop the war. Good cop/bad cop thing. Nixon was the madman, Kissinger was the deal maker.
Great Silent Majority
Moderate, mainstream Americans who quietly supported the United States efforts in Vietnam.
How did young people and congress react to invasion of Cambodia in April 1970?
What happened at Kent State?
Students protesting burned down the ROTC building. Guards wounded 9 and killed 4 people.
Who leaked the Pentagon Papers?
Daniel Ellsberg who was the Former Defense Department worker.
Former Defense Department worker who leaked the Pentagon Papers.
What did the Pentagon Papers say?
Showed that the government drew up plans to not send troops to Vietnam.
Difficulties troops faced as the war was ending
drug and alcohol, racial tension, mutany, questioned conduct of war, monotonous/boring, inexperience, didn't know culture/language/tactics of enemy, stress.
What happened at Hamburger Hill? Why people didn't like it?
56 Americans dies to win the base but left the next day. Thought it was a waste of lives to leave it the very next day. Thought to be unacceptable.
Deliberate murder of unpopular officers
Main US slogan
Don't be the last to die in Vietnam
US response to communist offensive in 1972.
What was US concession in 1972 and why did we give in?
US agreed to use in place cease fire. Dropped our demand for removal of North Vietnamese troops from south to get agreement before election.
Purpose of Christmas Bombing
To force communists to talk peace
Main parts of final peace treaty
Nixon promised to return in full force if deal was broken.
Northern troops would stay in the South.
How did the agreement in the final peace treaty make the US look?
Made US look weak.
View of government as war was ending
more suspicious and less trusting
Impact of veterans as war was ending
not welcomed home, PTSD
Impact on SE Asia as war was ending
Impact of draft as was was ending
it was ended
poor vietnamese groups fleeing country in rowboats or barges.
tried to transform Cambodia into a peasant society.
War Powers Impact
Demanded that the President must inform congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostile areas without declaring war. If congress didn't agree with deployment, President had 90 days to bring troops home.
Candidates in 2004 election
main topic of 2004 election
what the candidates did in Vietnam
Swift Boat Veterans for Truth
Vietnam Vets who opposed John Kerry as President
What did democrats use for Kerry in election?
His record in Vietnam
Kerry's stance of the Vietnam War
anti-war, said bad things about soldiers
movement made up of white, middle class college youths. They rejected the traditional American culture.
members of the countercultural movement. Grew hair long as a sign of disrespect to elders.
Impact of Beatles
Propelled rock music into mainstream America and influenced the hair and fashion trends.
Music and Art Fair that represented peace and love. It was the peak of the counterculture movement.
How counterculture impacted attitude
People were more permissive and more liberal.
How US involvement in the war ended
soldiers were rescuers by helicopter from the roof of the embassy
Why didn't US act when the NVA attacked the village of Ban Me Thuot
the war powers act and Nixon wasn't in office anymore.
What mistakes were made by Theiu during Ban Me Thuot?
He pulled his best troops back to protect himself.
Why didn't the US ambassador Martin order an earlier evacuation?
Didn't want to admit defeat and cause a panic.
ARVN at the Battle of Xuan Loc
The South Vietnamese Army fought well but is was far too little and too late.
Duong Van Minh
Final President of South Vietnam.
Why did US want Duong Van Minh to replace Theiu?
US hoped he would make a deal with the communists.
Operation Frequent Wind
The final evacuation of Americans in danger in Vietnam.
Problems during final hours as US embassy
Place for helicopter landing was blocked by a tree, aircraft carriers had to be dumped into sea because there wasn't room for them.
According to Kissinger, what would Nixon have done?
Respond full force and bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail
Main threat to regional stability in SE Asia in the 80s.
Internal problems, NOT global problems
Why did the Domino Theory fail to materialize in SE Asia after the war?
The economy was improving, Soviets and Chinese split, many communists were killed by US which killed their momentum.
Main US concerns in Pacific
Chinese reforms, trade wars, Japanese defense spending
effects of the war in Vietnam
weakened our will, death and destruction, hurt/trust in government, divided country, destroyed two presidencies- Nixon and Johnson.
ruling out use of military forces in fear of there being another war.
Main domestic political impact of Vietnam War
War Powers Act, presidents power to make war was weakened.
According to Robert Miller, why is people's ignorance of Vietnam dangerous?
Because we might make the same mistakes leading to another war like the Vietnam war.
Findings of research Triangle Institute study about the impact of PTSd of Vietnam vets.
15% of veterans were currently suffering from PTSD
other names for PTSD
shell shock, battle fatigue
Why PTSD hit Vietnam Vets so hard
They were younger than usual, the weren't welcomed home, no help with mental health after the war.
Who promoted Vietnam vets as walking time bombs?
the press and media
lessons of Vietnam
- Only fight if the war was a vital US interest.
- Don't fight a defensive war.
- War must be supported by congress and American people.
main miscalculation in Vietnam
US underestimated how much Vietnam could take.
How did the US try to keep the Vietnam War limited?
By never invading the North, not bombing too close to China, never threatened their government.