Sociology 345

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What are some of the reasons why native Americans/Indians fell in status historically?
Seen as military threats/traitors

No allies to assist or defend them

Seen as inferior race/feared

Collectively held accountable for the actions of some tribes of young Dog Soldiers who rebelled against their chiefs treaties
What sociological theory of global inequality explains global poverty as being due to exploitation of poor countries by wealthy ones?
Dependency Theory
What is an example of an International Non-Governmental organization (INGO) and an IGO?
IGO- Inter government organization promote peace through conflict resolution and better international relations (The UN)

INGO- to emphases humanitarian issues and keeps sustainable development
Sociologist Manuel Castells asserts in his book "Networks of Outrage and Hope" that contemporary social movement create a(an)__________, which is a combination of extensive use of online tools and physical occupation of urban symbolic spaces
hybrid space
When Karl Marx wrote about "class consciousness" what was he referring to?
The knowledge of your class rank and the structure of one's class
What are some of the necessary characteristics of a social movement according to Snow?
Challengers to or defenders of existing structure or systems of authority

Act outside existing institutional /organizational arrangements

Operate with some degree of organization and continuity
When a social movement group conducts some of its activities outside normal institutional channels, they are referred to as _________ challengers.
Extra-institutional
In general, are democratic states more or less likely to resort to repression of protest on a consistent basis than authoritarian states?
Less likely
In some analyses, major social movements, particularly revolutionary ones, are most likely to occur when?
When a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system.

Seek radical change in the whole society
The contemporary gay rights movement had its origins in the year ______ as a result of _________.
1969, Stonewall (BAR) Rebellion
What theories assert that the use of renewable resources, protection of biodiversity, and maintaining clean air, water, and land would actually help to promote economic growth and be better for the planet in many ways?
soft repression
In one analysis called _______, it is believed that things like accidents, disasters, changes in resource distribution, or power shifts that are especially likely to generate mobilizing grievances.
Quotidian Disruption Thesis
Covert strategies designed to cast negative light on student activists in the 1960's (like labeling them "Pinko fags, Commies, or Un-American," or infiltrating peaceful demonstrations to instigate violence) are called?
Soft Repression/counter culture
A young law professor, _____________, gained national attention during the confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas in 1991 due to allegations of sexual harassment.
Anita Hill
Which sociologist outlined "Power Elite" Model of power, and what 3 sectors does it describe?
C. Wright Mills

Military, government, and corporate/industrial
Eve Ensler created the organization V-Day in order to_________?
End violence against women Stop FGM
The objective of the Kyoto Protocol/Treaty of 1997 was to ________?
Reduce green house gas emissions.
In the Marxian Class Model, _________ is the term which describes why the dominate ideology prevails in society by justifying exploitation and causing some people to accept oppression as natural.
False consciousness
The main reason that the U.S. as not signed the Kyoto Treaty is that_______?
They felt it was unfair that other countries don't have to cut emissions.
The defining metaphor of Ecofeminism concerns______?
linkage of domination and oppression of women with domination of nature and the earth
Who is Malala Yousafzai and what does her organization promote?
Pakistani activist for female education Human Rights Activist
Some social movement theories assert that many right wing movements (KKK, anti-Catholic) are often motivated by _______ and appealed to _________.
Status anxiety/ outnumbered and whites
This author/book: _______ is widely credited with helping to spark with the earliest Deep Ecology and Environmental Movements by challenging the effects of ______.
Silent spring, chemicals
The first Earth Day was created in ________. By:
April 22, 1970; Gaylord Nelson
Individuals who join Altruistic Social Movements are often motivated by_____?
A desire to matter more than other people, doing more good
When feminist organizations work to educate women in other countries regarding the oppressive nature of the FGM custom, they run the risk of being criticized as _____?
...
Name some protest actions associated with AIM (American Indian Movement).
Spring 1973 - occupied wounded knee for 2 ½ months

occupation of broken treaties
The "Battle of Seattle" refers to _________?
thousands of activists protest the WTO Ministerial Conference
WTO - World Trade Organization use of internet /new media
In the late 1960s, the process of women talking with each other and discovering common problems and solutions through collective action became known as _______?
Consciousness raising groups
Which sociologist links literature, culture and the natural environment with an environmental justice frame and through Ecocriticism provides evidence to show that toxic environmental hazards are disproportionately located near poor communities by design?
T.V reed
The Berkley Free Speech Movement began after _________, a civil rights activist gave a passionate speech denouncing the university's policy that denied students the right distribute literature and educate about civil rights violations on campus?
They weren't allowed to vote and weren't allowed to talk on campus
In 1988 Pres. Regan issued a Global Gag Rule- what is this policy and its criticisms?
The US health policy that restricted funding to forging aid organizations that provided abortion services. Criticisms- denied funding to places like plan parenthood.
The Youth/student revolt in the 1970s resulted in _____?
Voting rights, and get rid of draft
The women's health movement has challenged androcentric medicine by _________?
Rebalancing the curriculum and transformation of traditional knowledge
According to sociologist Robert Schaeffer, the three types of social movements are________?
Aspiring
Alturistic
Restrictionist
Which social movement is the SMO ACT UP associated with?
Gay Rights Movement or Queer Nation/aids
Describe the origins and rise of the New American Right according to Staggenborg.
1960s countermovement
Anti-Walmart activists allege that Walmart Corporation get unfair advantages, why?
They cheat their employees out of wages

Their payroll is subsidized by welfare programs and they know it.

They build and operate on taxpayer incentives forcing out existing competition that never get subsidies. Nationwide $1.08 BILLION

They ignore environmental regulations even after paying fines

They manufacture their goods in third world countries paying pennies a day and forcing workers to lie to avoid meeting even minimal worker standards. Many work7 days a week, 10 hr days.

They force their suppliers to take all the risks.

They VERY aggressively stamp out any attempts to organize labor using illegal tactics
Which main group is currently protesting the Dakota Access Pipeline in ND?
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
Which supreme Court Case legalized gay marriage and when?
Obergefell v. Hodges, June 2015
Although some social movement activities can be relatively episodic in nature, they must operate with some degree of _______ in order to be classified as a social movement and not a fad.
Continuity
In Relative Deprivation theories, major social movements, particularly revolutionary ones, are most likely to occur:
When social conditions are getting better and peoples expectations are raised sparking a desire for large scale change
Sociologist C Wright Mills concept of "sociological imagination" _____________.
Refers to the quality of mind which helps individuals develop an understanding of their place in large social structures

Allows people to see the connection between personal lives and public issues- the intersection of biography and history
When Karl Marx outlines his theories to explain the struggles between exploited and exploiting classes, he stressed that the development of ________ signals transformation of the working class from a "class in itself" into a "class for itself" allowing them to identify a common enemy.
Class consciousness
Drawing from _______________, Frame Analysis focuses on how people interpret or conceptualize their conditions and define where they place blame or accountability for the problem.
Erving Goffman and Symbolic Interaction
In one analysis called__________, it is believed that things like accidents, disasters, changes in resource distribution, or power shifts that are especially likely to generate mobilizing grievances.
Quotidian Disruption Thesis
The ERA (Equal Rights Amendment, first introduced in 1923, passed the Senate in 1972 ____.
however was never ratified because only 35 of the necessary 38 states voted yes to make it law.
Several SMOs originated by women in the 1960s arose because________.
Women were not allowed in leadership roles within many civil rights SMOs

Women were often barred from entering male-dominated professions and paid less then men

Lesbian women and women of color were not welcomed in some SM organizations
The first stage of the US Women's Rights Movement__________.
Grew out of the 1830's and 40's Abolition Movement to end slavery
Which statement is true about the young girl in the iconic photo of the 1970 Kent State shooting in Ohio?
She became a national heroin/symbolic representing the anti-war movement for many people.

She received hate mail and threats which negatively impacted her life and family

She was accused of being part of a communist plot by an elect official and others
Covert strategies designed to cast negative light on student activists in the 1960's (name calling) are examples of ___________.
Hard Repression
Women gained the right to vote in the US on August 26, ________ after 72 years of struggle by suffragists with the ratification of the ________ Amendment to the Constitution.
1920, 19th
What controversial Supreme Court decision resulted in the dismantling of "separate but equal" doctrine and required racial desegregation of America's school?
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
In Domhoff's ruling class perspective regarding the structure of power in America, _______ Is somewhat of a myth because it describes only what we would like america to be not how it is structured in reality.
pluralism
According to authors Snow and Soule, there are three things that need to occur in order for there to be an opportunity to collectively redress grievances in society : 1) Opportunity/freedom to express grievances publicly to authorities; 2) Safe space to gather for discussions without authorities/targets watching; and ___________.
Access to sufficient resources to organize and mount a campaign to redress those grievances.
A young law professor, _____________, gained national attention during the confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas in 1991 due to allegations of sexual harassment; which later led to an increase in women candidates for political and he formation of ___________.
Anita Hill: Emily's List
_________ called for the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, NY in ______.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton; 1848
A group of students from northern universities, who traveled to the South during the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's to protest segregation of public buses were called_____.
Freedom Riders
Grass-roots, private sector mobilization movements that seek to repress adversarial movements or reverse their success/gains are called______.
A counter-movement
Sociologist Charles Tilly refers to public gatherings of collective actors who use familiar dramatic tactics to make accusations against a target of authority as:
Claim-making performances
Persons or groups who contribute to a social movement but who do not personally benefit from their achievements are called_____________.
Conscience constituents
Which statement is FALSE regarding the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's?
Accommodations leaders emerged to replace those who utilized a protest stance
The Women's right movement against Sexual Harassment was largely successful because ______.
They dramatically framed the issue as "economic rape"

The pushed the EEOC to legally define sexual harassment

More women brought successful legal cases before the courts
A ________ is defined as all social movements associated with all issues in a society at a given time in history.
Social Movement Sector
The first high-profile cases regarding sexual harassment were won by______.
African American women employees
Persons or groups of people who believe in a cause and want to see a particular social movement's goals achieved, are called _______.
Adherents
This SMO was concerned with marketing of infant formula in Less Developed Nations in the 1970's and organized an international boycott of Nestle Corp.
INFACT
At the first women;s rights convention in the US organizers were considered extremists and radicals because they distributed a document demanding women's suffrage that was modeled after ________.
The US Declaration of Independence
Which statement is TRUE regarding the gay marriage issue in the US?
The historic victory in the Supreme Court case of Obergefell vs. Hodges in June, 2015 granted same-sex couples the right to marry in all states.
In Dalhoff's ruling class perspective regarding the structure of power in America, ____ is somewhat of a myth because it describes only what we'd like America to be- not how it is structured in reality
Pluralism
a movement that arises late in a protest cycle and is modeled on earlier movements is called:
a spinoff movement
In Domhoff's ruling class perspective, he asserts that interlocking corporate directorates:
increase centralization of capital
reduce competition and the number of available jobs
create the potential for coordinating policies, common action, and insider networking
Which statement is true regarding the occupy wall street movement
Ows was inspired by the arab spring uprisings in europe and the middle east

Adbusters magazine sparked the movement in part by challenging people to show up at wallstreet on September 17, 2011 and bring a tent
Sociologist Doug McAdam stresses what factors that increase activism
membership in organizations and prior contact with members of a social movement

biographical availability

history of prior activism (or models within family/socialization process)
Activists who lobbied for the legalization of gay marriage asserted that:
it is unfair to deny some families protect that others ( heterosexual married couples) enjoy.

civil union are not enough and are in fact discriminatory against an entire group of citizens

same sex partners should have inheritance rights and hospital visitation rights as married spouses
In analyzing the OWS movement, which statement is FALSE regarding their organization or tactis
OWS Was so successful in part because from the beginning stages it organized with a bureaucratic structure and centralized its leadership for more efficiency and effectiveness.
this activist participated in the freedom rides in 1961 as well as other civil rights actions and is currently one of the longest serving congress persons in the U.S. House of Representatives
John Lewis
The "Battle of Seattle" refers to
WTO Protests
When feminist organizations work to educate women in other countries regarding the oppressive nature of the FGM custom, they run the risk of being criticized as
ethnocentric
The Berkeley Free Speech Movement began after _____ , a civil rights activist gave a passionate speech denouncing the university policy that denied students the right distribute literature and educate about civil rights violations on campus
Mario Savio