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BIOL 292 Final Exam
Terms in this set (99)
The serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity _____.
What is the name of the reproductive cell that is expelled from the ovaries at ovulation?
What layer of the uterus is shed during menstruation?
Somatic motor neurons carry information from the CNS to the ____.
Type AB blood has which of the following characteristics?
both A&B antigens, no antibodies, universal recipient
In which part of the digestive system are no digestive enzymes secreted?
The term in the ____ describes a result from an injury that permits air to leak into the intrapleural space.
In the mouth this helps prevent food from entering the nasal cavity.
As blood travels from arteries to veins_____.
deoxygenated, less nutrients, less pressure
The pituitary that stimulates milk production by the mammary glands.
Autonomic sensory neurons carry information to:
This transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body:
The posterior pituitary gland secretes:
oxytocin & ADH
The lymphatic system does all the following except:
DOES produce, maintain, and distribute lymphocytes, respond to environmental pathogens, toxins, and abnormal body cells
Which region of the stomach does the esophagus connect to:
The primary function of ADH:
reabsorb water and increase blood volume
The pancreatic hormone that causes blood sugar levels to fall is:
Lymphocytes may be found in which of the following tissues or organs:
lymph nodes, spleen, lymph tissue, MALT, and thymus
A disease that attacks and disables the myenteric plexus
decrease GI tract motility and would inhibit mechanical digestion
The only part of a cortical nephron that extends into the renal medulla is the___.
loop of henle
Proprioception means awareness of:
position of joints and muscles
The following are components of the conducting system of the heart:
SA node, AV node, AV bundle, and Purkinje fibers
Which of the below structures acts to convert sound waves to vibrations:
As each ventricle contracts where does blood move?
up (pulmonary trunk, aorta)
The lymphatic system is composed of all of the following except
The only digestive enzyme active in the mouth is.
This heart structure carries deoxygenated blood:
right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary trunk and pulmonary arteries
A pair of ligaments covered by laryngeal epithelium that functions in sound production:
vocal cords/ folds
29. For somatic senses to be consciously perceived, they must reach the:
In which part of the GI tract does most absorption occur?
Which layer of the heart is responsible for the pumping action of the heart?
The following is the first component of the conducting system of the heart:
As the size of the lungs increases, the air pressure within the lungs:
A glomerulus is:
collection of blood vessels that release filtrate into the capsular space
A foreign substance that provokes an immune response:
Type 2 diabetes is categorized by:
Which artery wall is equivalent to the endothelium?
The afferent neuron that carries a somatic sensation to the CNS is a ___ neuron.
Sympathetic stimulation of an arteriole in skeletal muscle results in:
dilation from release of ACh
The most superior portion of the pharynx is:
A hormone that can lower blood levels of calcium ion is:
The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is:
4What is produced by the ovaries?
gametes and hormones
Which of the below vessels drains blood from the lower body to the right atrium?
inferior vena cava
This is the transparent coat that covers the iris:
Capillaries that are the most leaky are:
An autonomic motor neuron whose cell body is within the CNS is called a(n) _____ neuron.
Bile is stored in the:
The right pulmonary artery carries ____ blood to the _____.
The blood cells involved in specific immunity are:
lymphocytes (T cells, B cells, and NK cells)
During exhalation, the diaphragm is:
Which of these is classified as the special senses:
gustation, vision, hearing, equilibrium, and olfaction
The vibrations received by the tympanic membrane are transferred to the oval window:
Which type of adaptive immunity create antibodies?
B cells and plasma cells
Natural killer cells are what type of white blood cells:
Which is not a major function of the kidney?
functions of the kidney: regulate BP, ion level, glucose, pH and volume, and secrete hormones
57. Which of the below factors do not increase vascular resistance?
DOES include: turbidity, viscosity, blood vessel length increase and blood vessel diameter decreases
58. All the circulating red blood cells in an adult originate in the:
59. As each atrium contracts, where does blood move?
60. The middle part of the small intestines is the?
What is the function of the glottis?
passageway for air and houses vocal cords
62. During cold temperatures, the cremaster and dartos muscles of the scrotum will do what?
The ureters and urinary bladder are lined by the ___ epithelium.
Which of the following responses is not caused by the activation of the parasympathetic division of the ANS?
anything not SLUDD, vasoconstriction of blood vessels to peripheral tissues, vasodilation of blood vessels to brain and skeletal muscle
What vessels contain elastic fibers in the walls that are stretched during systole?
Bilirubin comes from the breakdown of:
red blood cells (heme)
This is a sensory receptor that responds to pain:
The diploid stem cells that give rise to sperm are:
An obstruction of the common bile duct often results in:
Control of the diameter of the respiratory passages depends upon:
dual innervation of parasympathetic & sympathetic stimulation
In which lymphatic organ do B cells become mature and capable of mounting an immune response?
Which of these substances is essentially absent in the urine of a healthy person?
RBCs, WBCs, and protein
The appendix is an aggregation of what type of tissue?
Which of the following substances regularly undergo tubular secretion?
wastes such as nitrogenous wastes, drugs, toxins, urea, creatine, and uric acid
An organ that has endocrine function and ultimately controls most other endocrine glands is the:
A nephron is comprised of these two major regions:
renal tubule & renal corpuscle
The main function of this structure is to regulate the amount of the light entering the eyeball through the pupil
Immunity that is genetically determined and present at birth is called__ immunity.
The normal pacemaker of the heart is located in:
SA node, atrium
___ are chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and transported in the bloodstream to alter the activities of specific cells in other tissues.
The most abundant component of plasma is:
Histamine is released during inflammation response and accounts for all of the following changes that occur during inflammation, except:
83. Which artery wall is responsible for vasoconstriction?
The most common site of fertilization:
The adrenal medulla secretes:
NK cells are what type of WBC?
Which of the following responses is not caused by activation of para division of ANS?
rest & digest
All of the circulating RBCs in an adult originate in:
As blood travels from arteries to veins:
gas exchange occurs and goes from oxygenated to deoxygenated
Blood is supplied to myocardium by:
Somatic senses to consciously perceived must reach:
Drains blood from lower body to right atrium:
inferior vena cava
These cells provide taste are:
Salivary glands are a ___gland.
Which of the following structures contains receptors for hearing?
if a person has a blood pressure of 120/90 his systolic number is:
The tonsils located in the nasopharynx are
which molecule transports oxygen?
This is a nephron process that occurs when a substance in blood enters the already formed filtrate in the renal tubule.
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