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Sociology Final Textbook
Terms in this set (38)
A set of expected behaviors for a given role and social status.
A violation of norms or rules of behavior that are typically outside the norm
What eventually happens as values change and shift?
Which perspective claims that deviance resides in the very nature of an act and is wrong at all times and in all places.
Which perspective claims that behavior does not become deviant unless it is disapproved by those in authority (laws)
What is the premiere institution for socialization of children and adult intimate relationships?
What are three types of family?
Nuclear, blended, and extended
Family group consisting of a mother and a father and their children (Single parent is a type of nuclear)
Family group created by remarriage that includes step parents or step siblings or both
Type of family that includes relatives beyond nuclear and blended family levels.
Serial Family Arrangements
Marrying and divorcing is a source of instability for what type of families?
What is the preferred type of family in the US?
Family (other: friends, daycare, and forms of media)
Today, what is the core of primary socialization?
Way the newborn is molded into a social being capable of interacting in and and meeting the expectations of society
Unified system of beliefs, rituals, and practices that typically involve a broader community of believers who share common definitions of the sacred and profane.
religious aspect of the culture shared by followers of the certain religion
includes symbols, functions, exchange based interactions, and power issues.
Who comprise the largest single religious belief system in the world?
In the US who has the single largest number of religious followers. (because they have high birth rates and mexicans)
Has no Gods but focuses on good and evil spirits which inhibit animals, rocks, or people.
Religion that has one single all powerful God
Islam, Judaism, and Christianity
What are three main monotheistic religions?
Answers deep questions of existence
facilitates social solidarity
provides guidelines for life
facilitates social control
provides continuity and adaptation
provides support for government
part of social change
What are the functions of religion?
True or False: Religion is universal in cultures around the world
Claims that in a crowd, people get caught up in the collective mind of the crowd and evade personal responsibility for their actions
(individual conscious merges into one large collective conscious)
Emergent Norm Theory
Claim that as crowd forms and people interact new norms develop in the crowd and facilitate certain actions
Collection of large number of people who act violently in protest against some authority or action of others.
True or False: Very few riots are purely protest in nature
occurs when crowds or masses react suddenly to perceived exclusions or dangers
Intentional efforts by group in a society to create new institutions or reform existing ones. (organized and goal oriented, intended to promote or resist change)
Deprivation Theory Structural-Strain Theory, and resource mobilization theory
What are three types of social movements?
Type of social movement when people feel deprived compared to other groups so they use social movements to equalize things.
Social problems combined with discontent lead to social movement
Resource Mobilization Theory
Social movements succeed or fail based on peoples ability to gather and organize resources
What shapes public opinion while reporting current events.
News media select a story, monitor the opinion of the audience and the indicators to determine
How many hours of TV do Americans watch per day
What is the purpose of the media?
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