1,189 terms

Esperanto

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viro
man
la
the
mi
I
estas
are, is
vi
you
knabo
boy
li
he
ŝi
she
knabino
girl
ludas
plays
virino
woman
kaj
and
kantas
sings
ĝi
it
or
falas
falls
laboras
works
multe
a lot
bona
good
malbona
bad
kafo
coffee
bela
beautiful
kafejo
cafe
parko
park
ĉu
really/whether or yes/no (preface to a question)
varma
hot
bebo
baby
iras
goes
tago
day
rapide
quickly
ni
we
dancas
dances
al
to, toward, at
malbela
ugly
malgranda
small, little
malvarma
cold
tre
very, quite, very much
ili
they
malrapide
slowly
Saluton!
Hello! / Greetings!
dankon
thank you
bonvolu
please
poste
later, after, next
kiu
who
bone
well
fartas
feels, fares, is doing
kiel
how
bonvenon
welcome
bonan matenon
good morning
bonan tagon
good day
diras
say, tells
komencanto
beginner
pardonon
excuse me
bonan nokton
good night
pardonpetas
sorry
ĝis la revido
see you later (Lit. "until the re-seeing")
nedankinde
you're welcome (Lit. 'not thanks-worthy")
bonan vesperon
good evening
AAA
AAA
min
me (direct object)
lin
him (direct object)
kisas
kisses
viron
man (direct object)
ŝin
her (direct object)
renkontas
meets
manĝas
eats
trinkas
drinks
kafon
coffee (direct object)
panon
bread (direct object)
pomo
apple
akvo
akva
akvi
water
watery
to water, to flush, to rinse, to irrigate
vin
you (direct object)
virinon
woman (direct object)
havas
have, has
kuko
cake
bongusta
delicious
ĉokolado
chocolate
ŝatas
likes
nin
us (direct object)
ĵurnalo
newspaper
domo
house
legas
reads
ilin
them (direct object)
ĝin
it (direct object)
vidas
sees
anglo
angla
Englishman
English (language)
Esperanto
Esperanto
lernas
learns
lingvo
language
vorto
word
iomete
a little
Hispana
Spanish (language)
skribas
writes
Germana
German (language)
Itala
Italian (language)
oni
one/they (indefinite third person pronoun)
Franca
French (language)
kolorblinda
colorblind
verda
green
flago
flag
ankaŭ
also, as well, too
nigra
black
bruna
brown
griza
grey
rozkolora
pink
esperanta
esperanto (adj)
violkolora
purple
flava
yellow
oranĝkolora
orange
patro
father
persono
person
esperantisto
esperanto speaker
ĉar
because
vortaro
dictionary
unu
one
du
two
patrino
mother
avo
grandfather
tri
three
sed
but
kvar
four
gepatro
parent
avino
grandmother
da
of (quantity)
glaso
drinking glass
donas
gives
vino
wine
de
from, by, of, since
litro
litre
supo
soup
kilogramo
kilogram
tomato
tomato
mendas
orders
kiom
how many, how much
frazo
sentence
aĝo
aĝa
aĝi
age
aged
to be aged
bovino
cow
koko
chicken
ĉevalo
horse
vivas
lives
ido
offspring
mamulo
mammal
kuniklo
rabbit
muŝo
fly, housefly
flugas
flies
strigo
owl
araneo
spider
abelo
abela
bee
bee-ish, bee-like
birdo
bird
azeno
donkey
vosto
tail
ovo
egg
krokodilo
crocodile
aligatoro
alligator
demetas
lays, takes off
kaptas
catches
kato
cat
nokte
at night, nightly
porko
pig
anaso
anasa
duck
duck (meat)
katido
kitten
muso
mouse
hundido
puppy
ŝafido
lamb
lia
his
ŝia
her/hers
mia
my
via
your
kio
what
tio
that
ĝia
its
nono
name
urso
bear
biero
beer
ilia
their
nia
our
nur
only, just, merely
mapo
map
kie
where
loĝas
lives, dwells, resides
Italio
Italy
Italo
Italian person
Francio
France
Eŭropo
Europe
Eŭropano
European person
Germanio
Germany
Usono
America (USA)
Germano
German person
el
from, of, out of
Usoano
American person (USA)
vizitas
visits (present)
kongreso
congress
venas
comes
Nord-Ameriko
North America
Sud-Ameriko
South America
kontinento
continent
Aŭstralio
Australia
Meksikano
Mexican person
Brazilo
Brazil
Kanadano
Canadian person
Kanado
Canada
Rusa
Russian (language)
Rusio
Russia
Japano
Japanese person
Japanio
Japan
Pollando
Poland
Ĉinio
China
Azio
Asia
Afriko
Afrika
Africa
African
denove
again
Ĉeĥio
Czech Republic
bonan vojaĝon
enjoy your trip
Ĉeĥa
Czech language
pli
more
kokaĵo
chicken (meat)
oranĝo
orange (fruit)
gusto
taste
gustas bone
tastes good
bonan apetiton
bon appétit
sandviĉo
sandwich
karoto
carrot
fiŝaĵo
fish (meat)
telero
plate
sur
on
por
for, in order to (as a means of achieving specified aim)
kun
with
matenmanĝas
eats breakfast, has breakfast
butero
butter
matenmanĝo
breakfast
fromaĝo
cheese
frukto
fruit
suko
juice
manĝo
meal
bongustas
is delicious
manĝaĵo
food
trinkaĵo
a drink
legomo
vegetable
iom
some amount
porkaĵo
pork
vegetarano
vegetarian
pico
pizza
frago
strawberry
bovaĵo
beef
malbonas
is bad
salo
salt
sala
salty
tagmanĝo
lunch
vespermanĝas
eats dinner, has dinner
restoracio
restaurant
pastaĵo
pasta
kune
without
tiom
as much, so many
gasto
guest
menuo
menu
kelnero
waiter
kelnerino
waitress
servas
serves
aĉeto
aĉeti
purchase, buy
to purchase, to buy
gustumas
tastes, savors
ananaso
pineapple
malvarmas
is cold
glacio
ice
neniom
none
vendas
sells
graso
fat (noun)
spico
spice, spices
rizo
rice
oleo
oil
odoro
smell
recepto
recipe
miksas
mixes
jupo
skirt
mallonga
short (not long)
pantalono
trousers
ofte
often
somero
summer
poŝo
pocket
portas
wears, carries
ĉapelo
hat
vestaĵo
piece of clothing, a garment
robo
dress
bezonas
needs, requires
mantelo
coat
kudras
sews
butono
button
ŝtrumpeto
sock
ŝtrumpo
stocking
propra
own, personal
pupo
doll
mojosa
cool, awesome
povas
can, is able
manĝi
to eat
faras
is doing, is making
volas
wants
porti
to wear, to carry
scias
knows (be certain or sure about something)
koni
to know (be acquainted or familiar with)
helpo
help (noun)
vero
truth
petas
asks, makes a request
nek
neither / nor
veras
is true
mi petas
please
kiam
when
tie
there
aŭto
car
tiu ĉi
this
ĉi tie
here
kial
why
diri
to say, to tell
afero
afera
aferisto
affair, business deal, business, matter, thing
relating to an affair, a thing
businessman
pri
about, concerning, regarding
demandas
asks (asks a question)
kies
whose
instruisto
teacher
io
something
demando
question
respondo
an answer
kien
where (movement towards)
tiu
that one/they/them
se
if (given the circumstances)
komprenas
understands
mi ne komprenas
I don't understand
labori
to work
pensas
thinks
ŝanĝas
changes
sendas
sends
ĉiam
always
studi
to study
malfermas
opens, is open
rigardas
looks at
pravas
is right
provi
to try
malpravas
is wrong
vidi
to see
subskribo
signature
staras
stands
sidas
sits
aŭskultas
listens, is listening
enhavas
contains
feliĉa
fortunate, happy
esperas
hopes
memoras
remembers
telefonas
calls by telephone
montras
shows, indicates, points out
mirinde
amazing
tiel
that way / like that
zorgas
cares, worries
dankas
thanks, is thankful, grateful
ago
aga
agi
action, act
act, behave
to act
timas
is afraid, is afraid of
akcepto
akcepta
akcepti
acceptance
accepting
to accept, to take in, to receive, to take
komencas
starts
laboro
work / job
necesejo
toilet, bathroom
fidi
to trust
fini
to finish
onklo
uncle
familio
family
nevo
nephew
filino
daughter
gefrato
sibling
onklono
aunt
aliulo
aliula
another, another man
another person's
ĝemelo
twin
sama
same
edzino
wife
amiko
amika
amiki
friend
friendly
to (be) friends
koramiko
boyfriend
koramikino
girlfriend
edzo
husband
panjo
mom
paĉjo
dad
geedzo
spouse
bofratino
sister-in-law
bopatro
father-in-law
prageave
great-grandparent
praavino
great-grandmother
praavo
great-grandfather
bofrato
brother-in-law
bogepatro
parent-in-law
kuzo
cousin
nepo
grandson
sia
his/her/its/their own
prezentas
introduces, presents
poŝtelefono
cell phone
ekrano
screen
serĉas
looks for, searches
okulvitroj
eyeglasses
komputilo
computer
horloĝo
clock
baterio
battery
telefono
telephone
brakhorloĝo
wrist watch, watch
trovas
finds
sako
bag
korbo
basket
lampo
lamp
kesto
box, chest
pulvoro
powder
rado
wheel
funkcias
works, functions
objekto
object
senpaga
free, gratis
gazeto
newspaper, magazine, review
motoro
motor
folio
leaf
radiko
root
tero
earth
preferas
prefers
plasto
plastic
per
by, with, by means of
fadeno
thread
poto
pot
skribilo
pen
botelo
bottle
bovlo
bowl
kulero
spoon
kolektas
collects
antikva
antique
kuiras
cooks
pato
pan
forko
fork
strato
street
seĝo
chair
sub
under
hejme
at home
ŝuti
to pour (distribute/spread something such as cornflakes)
ĉielarko
rainbow
marŝas
walks, marches
saltas
jumps
inter
between, among
mondo
world
malantaŭ
behind
antaŭ
antaŭe
before, in front of, ahead of
ahead; formerly, previously
ĉio
everything
krom
except / besides
luno
moon
suno
sun
ekster
outside, outside of
brilas
shines
kontraŭ
against
kvankam
although
peto
a request (n.)
opinio
opinion
ĉirkaŭ
around
preter
past, by, beyond
malgraŭ
despite
verŝi
to pour a liquid
ĉe
at / by
iris
went
manĝis
ate
morgaŭ
tomorrow
trinkos
will drink
vidos
will see
dancis
danced
faris
did
manĝos
will eat
aŭdis
heard
trinkis
drank
dancos
will dance
helpos
will help
lerni
to learn
diris
told, said
vojaĝis
traveled
parolos
will speak
ŝatis
liked
respondis
answered
lernis
learned
parolis
spoke
respondos
will answer
volis
wanted
sciis
knew
tro
too / too much
demandis
asked
ludis
played
hodiaŭ
today
trovis
found
demandos
will ask
instruis
taught
volos
will want to
ludos
will play
scios
will know
AAA
AAA
studis
studied
estos
will be
okazas
happens, is happening
veni
to come
kazis
happened
estis
were, was
studos
will study
okazos
will happen
povis
could, was able
kisi
to kiss
decidos
will decide
skribis
wrote
laboros
will work
AAA
AAA
havos
will have
kisis
kissed
decidis
decided
havis
had
amo
ama
ami
love
loving
to love
skribos
will write
dormis
slept
kisos
will kiss
pluvas
it is raining / it rains
forgenos
will forget
neĝos
it will snow
legis
read (past)
komprenos
will understand
donis
gave
komencis
started
pluvos
it will rain
neĝis
it snowed
komprenis
understood
pluvis
it rained
abono
abona
aboni
subscription
subscription-related
to subscribe
adreso
adresi
address
to address
aero
aera
aeri
air
airy, ethereal
to air
afabla
afableco
afablega
afablaĵo
affable, good-natured, friendly, kind
kindness, affability
most charming
a courtesy
afiŝo
afiŝi
notice, placard, poster
to put up notice, to placard, to post
agrabla
agrable
nice, pleasant, agreeable, enjoyable
pleasantly, comfortably, agreeably, nicely
AAA
AAA
akra
harsh, acrid, sharp, acute
alia
other, another
almenaŭ
at least
alto
alta
alti
altitude, height
tall, high
to (be) tall, to (be) high
amaso
a lot, heap, pile, mass, crowd, multitude
ambaŭ
both
angulo
angula
angle, corner
gaunt
ankoraŭ
still, yet
anstataŭ
instead of
aparato
apparatus
aparta
separate
apenaŭ
hardly, scarcely
apero
aperi
appearance
to appear
aprilo
April
apud
next to, beside
aranĝo
aranĝi
arrangement
to arrange
arbo
arba
tree
relating to a tree, arboreal, tree-ish
armeo
armea
army
military
arto
arta
art
artistic, artificial
artikolo
article
asocio
asociito, asociano
association
associate, partner
atendo
atendi
expectation
to wait
atento
atenta
atenti
attention
attentive
to watch out for, to pay attention
aŭdo
aŭda
aŭdi
hear
hearing
to hear
aŭgusto
August
aŭtobuso
bus
aŭtuno
autumn
baldaŭ
soon
barbo
beard
bati
to hit
batali
to fight
bazo
base
bedaŭri
to regret
bendo
tape
besto
animal
bezoni
to need
biciklo
bicycle
bildo
picture
birdo
bird
blanka
white
blua
blue
bordo
edge
brako
arm
brili
to shine
brui
to make a noise
bruli
to burn
buŝo
mouth
celo
goal
cerbo
brain
certa
certain
cigaro
cigar
ĉambro
room
ĉarma
charming
ĉemizo
shirt
ĉesi
to cease
ĉielo
sky
danci
to dance
danki
to thank
deca
decent
Decembro
December
decidi
to decide
dekstra
right
demandi
to ask a question
dento
tooth
devi
to have to / must
deziri
to desire
Dio
God
diablo
devil
difini
to define
dika
thick, pudgy
dimanĉo
Sunday
direkti
to direct
diskuti
to discuss
diversa
miscellaneous
do
so, therefore
Doktoro
Ph.D
dolĉa
sweet
doloro
pain
doni
to give
dormi
to sleep
dubi
to doubt
dum
during, while
duŝi
to shower
even
eduki
to educate
ekskursi
to go on an excursion
ekzemplo
example
ekzisti
exist
elekti
to choose
en
in
erari
to make a mistake
esperi
to hope
esti
to be
etikedo
label
etendi
to extend something
eventuala
contingent
facila
easy
fajro
fire
fako
speciality
fali
to fall
fari
to do, make
Februaro
February
fenestro
window
fero
iron
fermi
to close
festi
to celebrate
filo
son
filmo
film
fingro
finger
fiŝo
fish
flanko
side
floro
flower
flosi
to float
flugi
to fly
fojo
time (occasion)
fonto
source
for
away
forgesi
to forget
formo
form
forno
oven
forta
strong
foto
photograph
frapi
to knock, hit
frato
brother
fraŭlo
bachelor
fremda
foriegn
frua
early
funkcio
function
fuŝi
to bungle
gaja
merry
gajni
to win
granda
big
gratuli
to congratulate
grava
important
grupo
group
gvidi
to guide
ĝardeno
garden
ĝenerala
general
ĝis
until, bye
ĝoji
to be joyful
ĝusta
correct, right
halti
to halt, stop
haro
hair
havi
to have
hejmo
home
hela
bright/light colored
helpi
to help
hieraŭ
yesterday
historio
history
ho!
oh!
homo
person, human being
horo
hour
hotelo
hotel
hundo
dog
ĥaoso
chaos
ĥoro
choir
ideo
idea
imagi
to imagine
infano
child
informi
to inform
insekto
insect
instrui
to teach
interesi
to interest
interna
internal
inviti
to invite
iri
to go
ja
indeed
jam
already
Januaro
January
jaro
year
jen
behold / here is
jes
yes
ne
no
Julio
July
juna
young
Junio
June
justa
just, fair
juvelo
jewel
Ĵaudo
Thursday
ĵeti
to throw
ĵongli
to juggle
ĵus
immediately past
kalkuli
to calculate
kampo
field
kanti
to sing
kapo
head
kapabla
capable
kapti
to catch
kara
dear
karto
card
kaŝi
to hide
kaŭzo
cause
kazo
case
ke
that (introducing a clause)
kelka
several
klara
clear
klaso
class
klopodi
to take steps to
klubo
club
kolo
neck
kolekto
collection
koleri
to be angry
koloro
color
komenci
to begin
komerci
to do business
komitato
committee
kompreni
to understand
komputi
to compute
komuna
common
konkreta
concrete
konsenti
to agree
konsili
to advise
konstrui
to build
kontakto
contact
kontenta
content
kontraŭ
against
kontroli
to check
koro
heart
korpo
body
korto
courtyard
kosmo
outer-space
kosti
to cost
kovri
to cover
kredi
to believe
kreski
to grow
krii
to shout out
kruro
leg
kuiri
to cook
kulturi
to culture
kuri
to run
kuraci
to cure
kuraĝa
brave
kurso
course
kuŝi
to lie
kutimo
custom
kvazaŭ
as if
laca
tired
lago
lake
lakto
milk
lando
country
lango
tongue
larĝa
wide
lasi
to leave
lasta
recent, last
laŭ
according to
lavi
to wash
leciono
lesson
legi
to read
lerni
to learn
letero
letter (correspondence)
levi
to raise
libera
free
libro
book
ligi
to link
ligno
wood
linio
line
lito
bed
litero
letter (alphabet)
literaturo
literature
loĝi
to reside
loko
location
longa
long
ludi
to play
lumi
to illuminate
Lundo
Monday
Majo
May
malgraŭ
in spite of
mano
hand
maniero
manner
manki
to be lacking
maro
sea
Mardo
Tuesday
Marto
March
martelo
hammer
marŝi
to walk
maŝino
machine
mateno
morning
materialo
material
mem
ones self
membro
member
memori
to remember
Merkredo
Wednesday
mesaĝo
message
meti
to put or to place
metodo
method
mezo
middle
mezuri
to measure
miksi
to mix
militi
to make war
minuto
minute
miri
to marvel
momento
moment
mono
money
monato
month
monto
mountain
montri
to show
morti
to die
movi
to move
multa
much or many
muro
wall
muziko
music
nacio
nation
najlo
nail
naski
to bear
naturo
nature
nazo
nose
ne
no
necesa
necessary
neĝo
snow
nepra
unfailing
nigra
black
nivelo
level
nokto
night
nombro
number
Nordo
North
normala
normal
nova
new
Novembro
November
nu!
well!
nubo
cloud
numero
numeral
nun
now
ofico
office/position
ofta
frequent
okazi
to occur
okcidento
west
Oktobro
October
okulo
eye
okupi
to occupy
ol
than

Ol (than), is a conjunction (a connecting word like "and") that functions as a comparison word. Either a subject or an object can follow it, just as in English:

ni amas ŝin pli ol ilin-->
we love her more than [we love] them.
opinii
to opine
ordo
state of order
ordinara
ordinary
ordoni
to command
orelo
ear
oriento
east
organizi
to organize
paco
peace
pafi
to shoot
pagi
to pay
paĝo
page (of a book, magazine, etc...)
pano
bread
papero
paper
pardoni
to pardon, to forgive
paroli
to speak
parto
part
pasi
to pass
paŝi
to step
peco
piece
peni
to try
pendi
to hang
pensi
to think
perdi
to lose
perei
to perish
perfekta
perfect
permesi
to permit
peti
to request
piedo
foot
plaĉi
to be pleasing
plano
plan
planko
floor
planto
plant
plej
most
plena
full
plendi
to complain
plezuro
pleasure
plori
to cry
plu
further
plumo
feather, pen
pluraj
quite a few
pluvo
rain
poemo
poem
popolo
a people
populara
popular
pordo
door
post
behind, after
postuli
to require
poŝto
postal service
povi
to be able to
prava
right
precipa
principally
preferi
to prefer
prelegi
to lecture
premi
to press
preni
to take
prepari
to prepare
presi
to print
preskaŭ
nearly
preta
ready
prezo
price
prezenti
to present
prezidi
to preside
printempo
spring season
pro
for, on account of, because of
problemo
problem
produkto
product
profunda
deep
programo
program
proksima
close
proponi
to propose
publiko
public
punkto
point
pura
clean
radio
radio
rajto
right to something, entitlement
rakonti
to tell a story
rapida
quick
raporti
to report
regi
to rule
regiono
region
regulo
regulation
reklami
to advertise
rekomendi
to recommend
rekta
direct
renkonti
to meet someone
respondi
to respond, to answer
resti
to remain
reto
net, network
revuo
review
ricevi
to receive
riĉa
rich
rigardi
to look at
rilati
to relate to
rimarki
to notice
rimedo
resource
ripeti
repeat
ripozi
to relax
rivero
river
roko
rock
rompi
to break
ronda
round
rozo
rose
ruĝa
red
Sabato
Saturday
salono
living room
salti
to jump
saluti
to greet
sana
healthy
sango
blood
sapo
soap
sata
full of food
scii
to know
scienco
science
sekvi
to follow
semajno
week
sen
without
sendi
to send
senti
to feel
Septembro
September
serĉi
to search
serio
series
servi
to serve
sidi
to sit
signifi
to mean
silenti
to be silent
simila
similar
simpla
simple
sinjoro
mister
sistemo
system
situacio
situation
skatolo
box
skribi
to skribi
socio
society
sola
alone
soni
to sound
speco
type
speciala
special
sperta
experienced
sporto
sport
stacio
station
stelo
star
stari
to stand
stato
status
strato
street
stulta
stupid
Sudo
South
suferi
to suffer
sufiĉa
enough
sukcesi
to succeed
sukero
sugar
super
above
supozi
to suppose
supro
top
ŝafo
sheep
ŝajni
to seem
ŝalti
to turn on
ŝanĝi
to change
ŝati
to like
ŝipo
ship
ŝiri
to tear
ŝlosi
to lock
ŝtato
state
ŝteli
to steal
ŝtono
stone
ŝuo
shoe
ŝveli
to swell
tablo
table
tamen
however
taso
cup
tasko
task
teo
tea
teatro
the theater
televido
television
temo
subject
tempo
time
teni
to hold
teruro
terror
timi
to fear
tiri
to pull
tra
through
traduki
to translate
tranĉi
to cut
trankvila
tranquil
trans
across
trinki
to drink
trovi
to find
tuj
immediately
turni
to turn something
tuŝi
to touch
tuta
entire
universala
universal
universitato
university
urbo
city
utila
useful
uzi
to use
vagono
train car
valori
to have value
varma
warm
veki
to awaken
vendi
to sell
Vendredo
Friday
vento
wind
vera
true
verko
literary work
vespero
evening
vesto
clothing
vetero
weather
veturi
to travel
viando
meat
vilaĝo
village
vintro
winter
vitro
glass
vivi
to live
vizaĝo
face
viziti
to visit
vojo
road, way
vojaĝi
to take a trip
voki
to call
voli
to want
zono
belt, zone
zorgi
to care for
Days of the week:
Monday: Lundo
Tuesday: Mardo
Wednesday: Merkredo
Thursday: Ĵaŭdo
Friday: Vendredo
Saturday: Sabato
Sunday: Dimanĉo
Numbers 1-20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 ,100, 1000.
1 - unu, 2 - du, 3 - tri, 4 - kvar, 5 - kvin
6 - ses, 7 - sep, 8 - ok, 9 - naŭ, 10 - dek
11 - dek unu, 12 - dek du, 13 - dek tri
14 - dek kvar, 15 - dek kvin, 16 - dek ses
17 - dek sep, 18 - dek ok, 19 - dek naŭ
20 - dudek, 30 - tridek, 40 - kvardek
50 - kvindek, 60 - sesdek, 70 - sepdek
80 - okdek, 90 - naŭdek, 100 - cent
1000 - mil
strigo
owl
who, what, when, where, why and how?
what kind of?
whose?
how much (or how many)
kiu, kio, kiam, kie, kial, kiel.
kia.
kies.
kiom
Our Father
Patro Nia, kiu estas en la cielo,
Sanktigata estu via nomo,
Venu via regno,
Farigu via volo,
Kiel en la cielo tiel ankau sur la tero.
Nian panon ciutagan donu al ni hodiau,
Kaj pardonu al ni niajn suldojn,
Kiel ankau ni pardonas al niaj suldantoj.
Kaj ne konduku nin en tenton,
Sed liberigu nin de la malbono.

Amen.
Hail Mary
Saluton, Maria, gracoplena, la Sinjoro estas kun vi.

Benata estas vi inter la virinoj, kaj benata estas la frukto de via sino, Jesuo.

Sankta Maria, Patrino de Dio, preĝu por ni, pekuloj, nun kaj en la horo de nia morto.

Amen.
Hello! My name is...
Saluton! Mia nomo estas...
I am...
Mi estas...
I'm from... (I come from...)
Mi venas di...
Rules:
All nouns in Esperanto end in...
-o
Rules:
All adjectives in Esperanto end in...
-a
Rules:
All plurals in Esperanto end in...
-j
Rules:
Most adverbs in Esperanto end in...
-e
Rules:
To change a personal pronoun into a possessive pronoun, add...
-a
Rules:
The infinitive form of verbs in Esperanto ends in
-i
Rules:
To change verbs to be in the present tense, remove the "___" and add "___".
-i, -as
Rules:
Define nouns:
Nouns are words that designate a person, place, thing, idea, or quality.
Some examples are:
House - Domo
Friends - Amikoj (plural)
Cake - Kuko
France - Francio
Gardens - Ĝardenoj
Rules:
Define adjectives:
Adjectives are words that describe a noun.
Some examples are:
Happy - Feliĉa
Tired - Laca
Beautiful - Bela
Young - Juna
Fresh - Freŝa
Rules:
Define adverbs:
Adverbs are words that describe a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. They indicate manner, place, time or quantity.
Some examples are:
Quickly - Rapide
Orally - Buŝe
At home - Hejme
In writing - Skribe
Rules:
How many personal pronouns?
What are they?
Ten personal pronouns.
Seven common, three uncommon.

1st mi (i, me)
ni (we, us)
2nd vi (you, all)
3rd li (he, him)
ŝi (she, her)
ĝi (it, neutral)
ili (they, them)
-----------------------
ci (thou)
oni ()
si ()
Rules:
To turn a personal pronoun into a possessive pronoun, simply add "___" to the pronoun.
-a
mia (my, mine)
via (your, yours)
ŝia (her, hers)
lia (him, hers)
ĝia (its)
nia (our, ours)
ilia (their, theirs)
Rules:
Define verbs:
A word that indicates action.

manĝi - to eat
manĝas - am eating (present tense)

legi - to read
legas - am reading (present tense)

ridi - to laugh
ridas - am laughing (present tense)
Rules:
Verb Conjugation:
Infinitive:
Past:
Present:
Future:
Command:
Conditional:
Infinitive: -i
Past: -is
Present: -as
Future: -os
Command: -u
Conditional: -us
Rules:
Participles for...
past (active / passive)
present (active / passive)
future (active / passive)
conditional (active / passive)
active / passive
-anta / iata
verbing / being-verbed

-inta / -ita
was-verbing / verbed

-onta / ota
will be-verbing / will be being verbed

-unta / -uta
would be verbing / would be verbed
Rules:
Ĉi and Ajn
"Ĉi" expresses closeness and is used with the "ti-" and "ĉi-" words, either before or after them.
Ĉi tie - Here
Ĉi tio - This
Ĉi ĉio - All of this

The word "Ajn" means "ever".
Like "Ĉi", it can be used before or after ti- and ĉi- words.
Kiam ajn - Whenever
Kiu ajn - Whoever
Rules:
The Prefix "GE-"
In Esperanto, the prefix ge- is used 1) to indicate the presence of both sexes in a group described by a male or female root (Esperanto does have a very few such words) or 2) to emphasize the presence of both sexes in a group.

Examples words:
gelernejo - co-ed school
gepatroj - father(s) and mother(s)
gefratoj - brother(s) and sister(s)
genevoj - nephews(s) and niece(s)
povi, kapabli
ebli
| to (be) able |
| to (be) possible |
abortigi
aborti
| to abort |
| to suffer miscarriage |
preciza
akurata
| accurate |
| on time, prompt, punctual |
efektive
aktuale
| actually |
| currently |
plenkreskulo
adulti
| adult |
| commit adultery (sex with married person) |
amafero
afero
| affair (love affair) |
| thing, affair (not necessary a love affair) |
sago
aro
| arrow |
| group, collection |
prizorgi (malsanulon), ĉeesti (spektaklon)
atendi
| attend |
| to wait for, to expect |
pilko, globo
balo
| ball (for throwing) |
| ball (for dancing) |
osto
bone
| bone |
| well (good) |
hela; inteligenta
brita
| bright |
| British |
kamero
klozeto
| closet |
| flush toilet |
regi
kontroli
| to control |
| to check, to verify |
paŝtelo
krajono
| crayon |
| pencil |
scivola
kurioza
| curious |
| odd, interesting |
postulo
demando
| demand (noun) |
| question |
fekaĵo
dungo
| dung |
| employment |
samseksemulino
dike
| lesbian |
| thick; in a thick way; thickly |
efike
efektive
| effectively |
| in fact, actually, absolutely |
eniri
enterigi
| to enter |
| to bury, to inter |
fine, finfine, iam
eventuale
| eventually |
| if the occasion arises, in case, if necessary |
trompa, artefarita
fake
| fake |
| according to department; by specialty; by specialization |
furzi
farti
| to fart |
| to fare, to feel |
delikata, fajna (thin), monpuno (monetary fine)
fine
| fine |
| finally |
por
for
| for |
| away |
arbaro, forsto
foresto
| forest |
| absence |
milda, dolĉa
ĝentila
| gentle |
| well-mannered, polite, courteous |
ganto
glavo
| glove |
| sword |
avino, avinjo, avjo
grandmama
| grandma |
| large-breasted |
interne (de)
inside
| inside |
| insidiously |
interreto
interneto
| internet |
| insides (noun, diminutivized) |
jono
ion
| ion |
| something (accusative) |
konfitaĵo, marmelado
jam
| jam |
| already, yet, by now |
granda
larĝa
| large |
| wide |
parkerigi
memori
| to memorize |
| to remember |
muzo
muso
| muse |
| mouse |
kaĉo
muŝo
| mush |
| fly (insect) |
monaĥino
nun
| nun |
| now |
orgeno (ankaŭ)
organo
| organ (musical instrument) |
| organ (of the body) |
alineo
paragrafo
| paragraph |
| (1) section (the subdivision of a chapter of a legal or technical document). Ankaŭ, (2) Section Symbol (§) |
gepatro
parenco
| parent |
| relative |
partopreni
participo
| participate |
| participle (grammatical term) |
peniso
penis
| penis |
| made an effort, tried |
eldoni, publikigi
publiki
| to publish |
| to be public |
cenzuri
redakti
| redact |
| to edit |
registro
registaro
| register |
| government (reg-ist-aro) |
diri
rimarki
| to remark |
| to notice |
restaŭrado
restoracio
| restoration |
| restaurant |
salo
salti
| salt |
| to jump |
sanmensa
sana
| sane |
| healthy |
feki
ŝati
| to defecate |
| to appreciate |
peko, peki
sin
| sin, to sin |
| oneself/themselves (accusative) |
peko, peki
sino
| sin, to sin |
| bosom, breast, lap |
mola (ankaŭ)
softa (neologismo anstataŭ mallaŭta)
| soft |
| quiet, soft-spoken, sotto voce |
speco, ordigi
sorto
| sort, to sort |
| fate |
varti
tendo
| tend |
| tent |
tendo
tenti
| tent |
| tempt, seduce |
klozeto, necesejo
tualeto
| toilet (for human waste) |
| dressing up |
vera
truo
| true |
| hole |
legomo
vegetalo
| vegetable |
| plant |
per
via, viaj
| via |
| your, yours |
putino
horo
| loose woman, prostitute |
| hour |
mi bedaŭras
I am sorry (I am regretting)
kie estas la necesejo?
Where is the toilet?
je via sano
to your health (generic toast)
Ĉu vi parolas la Anglan?
Do you speak English?
pardonu min
excuse me
mi ne bone parolas Esperanton
I do not speak Esperanto well
Mi ne scias
I don't know
serĉu
serĉu tion
search
look that up (search that)
gufujo
chill-out room (slang)
ne volas
do not want
kiam estos...
when is...
da vs de
"da" refers to quantity.
"de" refers to possession.

glaso da vino-->a glass of wine (quantity)
taso da teo-->a cup of tea (quantity)

la patrino de la knabo-->
the mother of the boy (possession)
la koloro de la lakto-->
the color of the milk (possession)
kiom da
how much / how many

kiom da pano vi manĝas?-->
how much (of) bread do you eat?

kiom da teo estas en la taso?-->
how much (of) tea is in the cup?
multe da
a lot of / lots of / many

multe da lakto-->a lot of milk
multe da homoj--> Many (or a lot of) people
kiom aĝas
kiom is used with age, since age is a quantity (in years)

kiom vi aĝas?-->how old are you?
(literally: how much you are-age?)
manko de
a lack of...

(manko de and never manko da)
Affixes

-id
the offspring of something.

kato (cat) + -id = katido (kitten)
hundo (dog) + -id = hundido (puppy)

(unanswered question: what is the adult offspring of something?)
Affixes

-in
When it comes to animals, the root form of the animal (i.e. bovo) is gender neutral. Therefore the word bovo does not specify whether the animal is a bull or a cow. A bovino is specifically a cow. To make this unambiguously male, you need to add vir- in front of it, thus virbovo is a bull.
possessive pronouns:
Add "-a" o the end of a pronoun to turn it into its possessive form.

I my mi mia
you your vi via
he his li lia
she her ŝi ŝia
it its ĝi ĝia
we our ni nia
they their ili ilia
amiko --> koramiko
amikino --> koramikino
friend (male or neutral) --> boyfriend (romantic)
friend (female) --> girlfriend (romantic)
meat dishes
cow --> bovo / beef --> bovaĵo
pig --> porko / pork --> porkaĵo
fish --> fiŝo / fish --> fiŝoĵo
lamb --> ŝafido / lamb --> ŝafidaĵo
breakfast, lunch and dinner
breakfast --> matenmanĝo
lunch --> tagmanĝo
dinner --> vespermanĝo
kun and kune
English Esperanto
with kun
together kune (adverbial form)
together with kune kun
-, -ig, -iĝ

ruĝa
ruĝigi
ruĝiĝi
red
to make something red
to become red, to blush
-, -ig, -iĝ

bela
beligi
beliĝi
beautiful
to make something beautiful
to become beautiful
-, -ig, -iĝ:
the -ig and -iĝ suffixes express a change of state.

-ig means to cause a change, while -iĝ means to experience a change, or change from one state to another.