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22 terms

Unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia's curved shaped and the richness of its land led scholars to call it this
Mesopotamia
"land between rivers"
City-state
Each city and the surrounding land it controlled
Dynasty
When rulers pass their powers on to their sons, who eventually pass it on to their own heirs
Cultural Diffusion
When a new idea or a product spreads from one culture to another is called cultural diffusion.
Polytheism
The belief in more than one god.
Hammurabi
When the Babylonian Empire reached its peak. Famous for the set of laws he put together.
Delta
A broad, marshy, triangular area of land formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river.
Narmer
A king that united Upper and Lower Egypt.
Pharaohs
Egyption God-kings.
Theocracy
Government where rule is based on religious authority
Pyramid
The resting place after death
Hieroglyphics
Egyptian's flexible way of writing where a picture stood for an idea.
Papyrus
Egyptian's used it as "paper"
Subcontinent
Seperation of a region from the rest of a continent
Monsoons
Seasonal winds that dominated India's climate.
Harappan civilization
Indus Valley Civilization is called this sometimes due to the many archaeological discoveries made at that site.
Loess
Yellowish fertile silt
Oracle bones
Shang kings used these to consult the Gods.
Mandate of Heaven
A just ruler that had divine approval.
Dynastic Cycle
Pattern of rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
Feudalism
A political system in which nobles. or lords, are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king.