49 terms

Quarter 4 Review


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Major battle of the Civil War in Tennessee. 24,000 casualties. "Shiloh" is a Hebrew word meaning "place of peace".
The single bloodiest day of the Civil War. Battle in Maryland, approximately 25,000 casualties.
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln made the Emancipation Proclamation after Antietam. This freed the slaves in the South, in the states that had seceded.
"Good death"
Passing away at home surrounded by family and friends as opposed to dying on the battlefield.
This battle fought in Pennsylvania was the turning point in the war because the South never regained their strength.
Joshua Chamberlain
The Union leader who held the far end of the Union troops from being flanked at Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Pickett's Charge
This order required Confederate troops to launch a direct infantry assault on the Union center on high ground at Cemetery Ridge at Gettysburg.
Seige at Vicksburg
This battle victory in MIssissippi for the Union helped them control most of the MIssissippi River.
Gettysburg Address
Lincoln gave this famous address at the dedication of a cemetery in Gettysburg for the soldiers who died there
Richmond, Virginia
Most of the battles of the Civil War occurred in Virginia because the Union was attempting to capture the capitol of the Confederacy.
McClellan fails to capture Richmond
He prepared too long before going into battle, his attack was weak, which allowed Lee to reinforce the city.
William T. Sherman
In Sherman's "March to the Sea", he burned Atlanta and a 50 mile wide swatch from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
Total war
Tactic used by Sherman to destroy all Confederate resources as he marched to the sea.
Ulysses S. Grant
Lincoln's general who was not afraid to fight. Lee surrendered to Grant in Virginia.
Appomattox Courthouse
This small town in Virginia, west of Richmond, is where Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant to end the Civil War.
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
The years that the Civil War was fought.
Terms to apply to the Southern army
Gray uniforms, Rebels, CSA (Confederate States of America).
Terms to apply to the Northern army
Blue uniforms, Yankees, Union, Abolitionists
John Wilkes Booth
Assassin of Abraham Lincoln in the Ford's Theater in Washington D.C.
Matthew Brady
Photographer of the Civi War who took pictures of the aftermath of battles bringing the horror of the battlefield to the home front.
Rebel Yell
Intimidation tactic and battle cry of the Confederates
Susan B. Anthony
Social reformer, unmarried Quaker that fought against slavery but fought for women's rights.
19th Amendment
The amendment that gave women the right to vote in 1920.
John Brown
Abolitionist who attempted to raid Harper's Ferry in order to arm slaves and lead a revolt
Frederick Douglass
Former slave who traveled throughout the North speaking about the evils of slavery
Primary cause of the Compromise of 1850
California wanted to become a free state.
Fugitive Slave Act
Made Northerners assist in the capture of fugitive slaves from the South
Harriet Tubman
Most famous conductor on the "underground railroad". Her face will soon replace Jackson on the $20
Popular sovereignty
The people of the territory decided whether a territory would be a free or slave territory.
"Bleeding Kansas"
Mob violence in Kansas over the issue of slavery
Impact of slavery on expansion in United States
Almost every time the US expanded in the 1800's, the issue of slavery divided the nation.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
A book written by Harriet Beech Stowe that told about the horrors of slavery in the South. It was a best seller and cased people to demand an end to slavery.
Dred Scott decision
Dred Scott was considered property because he was a slave, so he was denied his freedom even though he was residing in the North where slavery was banned.
They were a religious group that believed that all men are created equal. They fought against slavery and were the earliest abolitionists.
Underground Railroad
A network of homes and trails that assisted runaway slaves to escape from slavery
Dorothea Dix
A social reformer that went undercover to expose the terrible conditions of America's prisons and the treatment of the mentally ill.
Lincoln election to be President
The last straw that immediately caused the secession of seven southern states from the US.
South Carolina
The first state to secede from the Union.
The formal withdrawal or separation from a federation or group of states; breaking away
Confederate States
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas and Tennessee.
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter when a state fired on a federal fort. This began the Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Lee was first invited by Lincoln to lead the Northern troops, but instead led the Southern troops because he did not want to fight against his home state of Virginia
First Battle of Bull Run
The Union was easily beaten by the Confederates. Spectators with picnics blocked the path of retreating Union troops
Union troop (North) advantages
Larger population, more railroads, more manufacturing, stronger navy, stronger banking system
Confederate troop (South) advantages
Better military leaders, more knowledge of the land, defending their homeland, slaves could do manual labor
Union strategy to win the war
Blockade the coast, control the Mississippi River, and capture the Southern capital, Richmond.
Monitor and Merrimack
First ironclad ships. Used to fight in the Civil War. This ended fighting with wooden ships.
George McClellan
Union general that trained his men but was overly cautious to fight and take them into battle. This gave the Confederates the advantage.

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