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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Pages 1-20 Event Cards
i've had this saved as a draft for so long i'm just gonna create it anyways lmao
Terms in this set (34)
limited the power of the king and stated that not even the king was above the law. It also guaranteed important rights to noblemen and freemen. For
example, they could not have their property seized by the king or his
officials; they could not be put on trial based only on an official's word
without witnesses; and they could only be punished by a jury of their peers.
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Between the 15th and 19th
centuries, slaves were taken from Africa to the Americas on what is called
the Middle Passage, the middle leg of a three part voyage. This Triangular
Trade began in Europe where ships loaded with rum, cloth and guns sailed
to Africa where goods were traded for African slaves who were then
transported to the Americas where they were sold as labor for cultivating
sugar into molasses and rum which were then returned to Europe.
The first permanent English colony
House of Burgesses
representative assembly in the American colonies.
This document was an agreement among the Pilgrims to
create a government.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first written constitution in North America.
an economic theory followed by European nations in the
16th and 17th centuries which argued that nations increased their power and
wealth by obtaining gold and by creating a favorable balance of trade where
they exported more than they imported.
According to these laws, American colonies were
required to trade mainly with Great Britain, buying Britain's manufactured
goods in exchange for selling the colonists' raw products.
a revolt in 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon against
colonial authority in Jamestown. Bacon and his supporters were small
farmers and frontier settlers who opposed Governor William Berkeley. They
were against high taxes and Governor Berkeley's favoritism towards large
plantation owners (Tidewater gentry) as well as his Indian policy.
English Bill of Rights
It states that the power to
make laws and impose taxes belonged to Parliament. It also included the
right of citizens to petition the government and the right to trial by jury.
First Great Awakening
a revival of religious feelings and beliefs in
the American colonies that began in the 1730's. To revive peoples' religious
spirit, preachers would travel from town to town delivering sermons about
God at outdoor revival meetings.
French and Indian War
The French and some Native Americans fought together against the
British and the colonists over control of parts of North America including the
Ohio River Valley. While Britain eventually won, the war left Britain with a
Albany Plan of Union
It was the
first formal proposal to unite the colonies. It called for each of
the colonies to send representatives to a Grand Council in Albany, New
York. This council would be able to collect taxes, raise armies, make
treaties, and start new settlements.
Treaty of Paris of 1763
ending the French and Indian War was signed in 1763.
Securing the British victory, It gave Canada and all of the
land east of the Mississippi River to Britain. To reward Spain for its help in
the French and Indian War, France gave Spain New Orleans and all land
west of the Mississippi River.
Proclamation of 1763
kept the colonists from going west of the
Appalachian Mountains. It was issued to keep the peace between the Native
Americans and the settlers. This act angered the colonists because they
believed that they had the right to settle in the Ohio River Valley.
To help pay England's
debts for the French and Indian War it required all legal and commercial
documents to carry an official stamp, showing that a tax had been paid.
Documents such as diplomas, wills, contracts, newspapers, playing cards,
and calendars had to have the stamp.
Stamp Act Congress
met in New York City in October, 1765, to voice
colonists' concerns about British taxes being imposed on the colonies.
On March 5, 1770, a group of young colonial dock workers and British
soldiers faced off outside a customs house. A British soldier had stones, ice,
and coal chunks thrown at him. More British soldiers arrived. The colonial
mob taunted the soldiers. A fight broke out, and the soldiers began firing.
Crispus Attucks, a former slave, and four other colonists were killed.
Boston Tea Party
The Sons of Liberty, led by Samuel Adams, disguised
themselves as Mohawk Indians and boarded three tea ships docked in the
Boston Harbor. They dumped 342 chests of East India Company tea into
Boston Harbor in protest of the Tea Act.
a series of laws to punish
the colonies for the Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress
In September, 1774, fifty-five delegates from twelve of the colonies met in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to discuss rising concerns over the Intolerable
Acts and the colonists' continuing frustration over "taxation without
Second Continental Congress
Delegates met in May, 1775, after the first shots had already been fired at
Lexington and Concord. The delegates adopted the Olive Branch Petition expressing their
loyalty to the king, but disapproving Parliament's actions.
a war for independence between
the American colonies and Great Britain.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
the first battles of the American Revolution. American poet Ralph Waldo
Emerson described this event as "the shot heard round the world."
Pamphlet by Thomas Paine that argued for the colonies to fight for their freedom
Declaration of Independence
After much debate, colonial delegates to the Second Continental Congress
determined that a complete break from Britain was necessary. A committee
made up of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, Roger
Sherman, and Thomas Jefferson was given the task of drafting this document
Battle of Saratoga
marked the turning point of
the Revolutionary War. After this victory, France and Spain
pledged their aid to the United States in America's fight for independence.
In the winter of 1777 nearly one in four of Washington's men died
here due to disease, starvation, and the harsh, freezing
Articles of Confederation
document drafted in 1781 which
outlined a government for the newly-formed United States of America. The
government created by the Articles had no chief executive, no judiciary, no
power to tax, no power to raise an army, required unanimous agreement
from all thirteen colonies in order to change the document, and left most of
the power to the states.
Battle of Yorktown
the last major battle of the American Revolution.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
not until this treaty was signed on
September 3, 1783 that the Americans and the British
agreed on the diplomatic terms to end the American Revolution
Land ordinance of 1785
divided the Northwest Territory into townships and sections for settlement.
The law also set aside land in each township for the support of public
farmers rebelled against state
taxes that were difficult to pay due to the economic depression.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
created a system of
government for new territories and provided a way to admit new states to the
Union once a territory's population reached 60,000 free white males.
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