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Terms in this set (63)
compounds are any compounds that contain carbon
Large molecules made from many smaller molecules
are small units, the building blocks
are built by monomers
the action of linking 3 or more monomers
saccharides- (most end in "ose")
(glucose, fructose, galactose)
formed by joining
2 simple sugars
(maltose, lactose, sucrose)
many simple sugars
is made up of 100's of glucose molecules, how plants store glucose
is made up of 1000's of glucose, how animals store excess glucose
is a carbohydrate made by plants to form cell walls
the process that builds links between monomers
the process that breaks the links between monomers
made of C, H, O,
are fats, oils, waxes
3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol
At room temperature fats are
At room temperature oils are
Uses of Lipids
1. form biological membranes- like the cell membrane
store energy of animals
form protective barriers for plants
fats- if every C in a fatty acid chain is joined to another C by a single bond
fats- if some C atoms are joined by double bonds C-C=C-C-C
fats- several C joined by double bonds
cell building and message sending in body (cholesterol)
important in cell membrane formation
a. made of parts that dissolve well in H2O (hydrophilic- H2O loving) and
b. oily parts that do not dissolve in H2O (hydrophobic- H2O fearing)
c. when they are mixed in H2O they form a phospholipid bilayer
a lot of these end in "in"
Made up of CHON
. are used to:
speed up and carry out chemical reactions
2. pump small molecules into and out of the cell
helps some cells have more fluids than others
monomers in Proteins
Amino Acids are joined by these
another name for protein or a polymer of amino acids
lowers activation energy (or energy needed for a reaction)
special proteins-usually end in "ase"
where the substrate attaches to the enzyme
speeds up a chemical reaction
What element is not part of a disaccharide?
Vegetable oils belong to which class of organic compounds?
Which element is present in all living cells and in ALL organic compounds?
fat and glycogen
Animals store energy in the form of
Proteins ingested by humans are an immediate source of
All enzymes belong to which group of organic compounds.
What is the bond that joins two amino acids togther?
All living things contain
Polysaccharides are part of which group of organic compounds?
Which of the following does NOT effect the rate of action of an enzyme?
more than 3
Monomer for Carbohydrate
The number of bonds that carbon can make.
This is a compound with many sugar subunits linked together
The organic compound that makes plant cell walls.
polypeptide or primary structure
A long chain of amino acids.
Two amino acids joined by a peptide bond
Which ones? PROTEIN
a. Muscle tissue
b. Ligaments, tendons
c. Collagen & elastin in skin
d. Messengers (hormones) such as insulin
e. Cell surface identification markers
f. Transport of materials into/out of cells
To store and control heredity
role or function of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA
emzymes are made of what?
b. Enzymes act as what?
water and oxygen
What does catalase break hydrogen peroxide into
Oxygen being released
In the enzyme lab, what did the bubbles represent?
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