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Terms in this set (14)
People with multiple personalities would be correctly diagnosed with
Dissociative identity disorder
People with autism spectrum disorder have a ______ ability to understand others' emotions. This could indicate ________.
Limited; impaired theory of mind
Someone with anorexia nervosa could
Have purging behaviors
Have binging behaviors
Have an unhealthy body weight
What is true of people who experience bipolar 2?
They have depressive episodes
What are the major symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder? Why is it called a spectrum disorder?
Social, Emotional, and communicational problems. Called a spectrum disorder because of the differences in severity.
If you were a clinical psychologist, how would you decide whether a client should be diagnosed as having Bipolar 1 or 2?
Craziness of the mania; also sometimes whether or not the person has depressive episodes. Bipolar II requires occurrence (or history) of one or more major depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode. Additionally, there has never been a full manic episode. A hypomanic episode lasts for at least four (4) or more consecutive days, and shares the same symptoms as a full manic episode.
If you were a clinical psychologist, how would you decide whether a client should be diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa vs. Bulimia Nervosa? How would you distinguish between the two?
The main criteria differences involve weight, as an anorexic must technically be classified as underweight. Characteristically, those with bulimia nervosa feel more shame and out of control with their behaviors, as the anorexic meticulously controls their intake naive to the notion that it, in fact, controls him/her. For this reason, the bulimic is more likely to admit to having a problem, as they do not feel they are in control of their behavior. The anorexic is more likely to believe they are in control of their eating and much less likely to admit that a problem even exists.
Define Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and address why some psychologists are skeptical as to whether this is actually a real disorder.
People w. multiple personalities are diagnosed with DID. People are skeptical because there was a huge sudden increase in diagnoses. DID ( personalities) is different from bipolar (emotions). DID (personalities) is different from schiz (delusions and hallucinations)
Describe the difference between substance use and substance-induced disorders. Which deals more with addiction? What should someone with a substance use disorder do to get treatment?
How are the studies done by Festinger and Carlsmith (1958) and Aronson and Mills (1958) similar? For each, describe the study's procedure and how dissonance is being resolved.
Festinger & Carlsmith's study (just men)
Everyone has to do a boring task (put threads on a tray for 20 minutes). Then the researcher asks if the subject can tell the next person that the task is interesting and that he will pay him to do it - either $1 or $20 (negative arousal). The next person is a confederate. The subject tells how the task is interesting. Finally, the subject answers how interesting the task was on an answer sheet. The people who got paid $1 liked the task more. People who got $20 but lied said it was worth it. The people who only got $1 did not have a reason to lie --> "I must have liked the task". Changes how you think about your task - did not feel like they lied (resolution).
Aronson & Mills: Effort Justification (all female participants)
A group of women came in and talked about sex in a study section. One group of women had to say easy sexual words others said nasty sexual words. The discussion was about formering in frogs. It was boring. The women who said nasty words liked it significantly more liked the section significantly more than those who said easy sexual words. "I would not have said nasty words on something I did not like. I must have liked it".
What was the dissonance?
Behavior = saying the nasty words
Belief about themselves = I am a classy woman
Those two creates dissonance
Must have been worth it - I must have liked it
How are each of the following similar to each other? How do attributions help protect the self for each of these?
• The Fundamental Attribution Error
• The self-serving bias
• The confirmation bias
We look for causes of people's behavior
We create attributions about people's behaviors based on either an individual or internal attribution and an internal/external attribution
The fundamental attribution error states that we make attributions. When we go people watching we make internal attributions
Example: Road Rage
When we talk about ourselves we do not get FAE
With the self-serving bias, it depends
"I got an A+ because I am smart" - internal attribution
"I got an F because the exam was hard" - external attribution
When good things happen - internal reasons
When bad things happen - external reasons
How does the Robber's Cave study apply to race relations today? Describe the study and how the results of the study could help diminish racial tension today.
Summer camp - two groups. Bonding at first, later introduced to each other and started competitions - a lot of tension (from verbal to physical violence). Then they had to work together - became friends. In group bias --> realistic conflict
What is Groupthink? How does Group Polarization relate to Groupthink? What can you do to diminish groupthink? Give a specific example.
Describe the procedure and results of Strack et al. (1988) and Wells & Perry (1980). Explain how each study demonstrates Self-Perception theory.
we infer our attitudes from our behavior. Stack et al. (1988) had students read and rate a cartoon while holding a pen in their mouths. Some of them were asked to hold it with only their teeth, which requires contracting the muscles used to smile.
Another study by Wells & Petty (1980) had students listen to a persuasive message while testing out a new pair of headphones. Some students were asked to hold their head still, some were asked to slowly tip their head up and down,
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