35 terms

Forms & Systems of Government

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Anarchy
The absence of government.
Autocracy
A form of government in which one person has all the power.
Democracy
A form of government where the political power is held by the people.
Dictatorship
One leader has absolute control over citizens' lives and often rules often through violence.
Direct Democracy
Citizens vote on laws and are directly involved in the day-to-day work of governing the country.
Absolute Monarchy
Rule by a single king or queen that holds all the political power.
Monarchy
A form of government with a single leader, such as a king or queen, born into a family of rulers.
Oligarchy/Aristocracy
Rule by a small group that has total control and power. Motivation (self-interest vs. common good) determines which one . . .
Representative Democracy
The people elect representatives to make laws for them.
Republic
Another term for representative democracy.
Socialism
A system of government where the country's resources are controlled by the government and distributed equally among the citizens..
Confederation
A system of government where independent states have most of the power and a weak central government.
Federalism
A system of government where power is shared between the central government and the states.
Parliamentary System
A government system where the legislature holds the power and the executive (prime minister) is elected from the legislature.
Unitary System
A government system where the central government has all the power.
Theocracy
A government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority.
King, Queen, Pharoah, Emperor
Terms for a monarch.
Prime Minister
The head of government in a parliamentary system.
President
The head of government in a republic system.
Dictator
The head of government in a dictorship.
Example: Iran
Democratic theocracy
Example: United States & Brazil
Republic
Example: North Korea
Communist Dictatorship
Example: China
Communist/Single Party State
Presidential Democracy
Both Executive & Legislative Branch members are chosen by the voters.
liberty
the ability of people to act & think as they choose, so long as their choices do harm to the well-being of others.
equality
all people possess the same fundamental moral worth that entitles them to fair treatment
self-government
ordinary people can rule themselves & do so as political equals
worth of the individual
all people are created equal & deserve an opportunity to pursue their potential
rule of law
government is subject to enforced limits
compromise
Informally: 'horse trading'; opposing groups can reach agreements despite differences
command economy
the government makes most economic decisions
market economy
individuals & businesses make most economic decisions based on their understanding of others' needs & wants
Constitutional Monarchy
Country where a king or queen is officially head of the country, but decisions are actually made by an elected parliament.
Communism
The idea that society should be based on public ownership and communal control of resources.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.