15 terms

Organic Chemistry Functional Groups

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Hydroxyl (alcohol)
Contains a hydroxide group (OH) bonded to a carbon
Alkane
Contains only C and H with single covalent bonds
Amine
Contains nitrogen
Carboxylic Acid
Contains one double bonded oxygen and one single bonded oxygen on the same carbon, at the end of a carbon chain
Ester
Contains one double bonded oxygen and one single bonded oxygen on the same carbon, in the middle of the carbon chain
Ketone
Contains one oxygen, double bonded to a carbon in the middle of a carbon chain
Carboxyl Acid smell
Putrid
Ester smell
Sweet
Hydroxyl (alcohol) smell
Medicinal
Ketone smell
Minty
Hydrocarbon smell (alkanes, alkenes & alkynes)
no smell or gasoline like
Amine smell
Fishy
Alkene
Contains only C and H with a double bond
Alkyne
Contains only C and H with a triple bond
Benzene Ring
Consists of six carbon atoms, have alternating double and single bonds