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Principles of Health Science Final Review
Terms in this set (35)
Be able to label organs in the digestive system and explain its purpose
Esophagus- bring food to stomach
Explain the basic process of food breaking down through the digestive system.
The food breaking down process begins at the mouth while taking the first bite, chewing breaks down the food into pieces, saliva mixes with the food and the processor breaking it down into a form your body can absorb and use.
Be able to label the major chambers of the heart.
Describe the jobs of arteries and veins.
Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body. Veins carry oxygen-poor blood back from the body to the heart
Why is the circulatory system important to the body?
It transports nutrients and oxygen into a tissue while removing waste products and carbon dioxide; transports hormones, cytokines, and immune cells; is the maintenance of homeostasis.
What are the four chambers of the heart?
Right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle
What is the healthy average blood pressure measurement?
More than 120 over 80, but less than 140 over 90
What is the best way to deal with work place injuries? (think prevention)
Train employees properly, provide the proper personal protective equipment, and abide by OSHA laws.
What 2 government agencies govern workplace safety and general health issues in the US?
CDC and FDA
Describe what to do when approaching a victim that appears to be unconscious.
Tap the victim for a reply, check your surroundings, call 911, and aid if able
What does the acronym CPR stand for?
What are the ABC's of CPR?
Airway, Breathing, and Circulation
Describe the steps of CPR.
1. Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
2. Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders.
3. Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
4. Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you push straight down on (compress) the chest at least 2 inches (approx. 5 cm) but not greater than 2.4 inches (approx. 6 cm). Push hard at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
5. Continue chest compressions until there are signs of movement or until emergency medical personnel take over. If you have been trained in CPR, go on to opening the airway and rescue breathing.
How many bpm should compressions be during CPR and what song can help you with this?
100-120 bpm. Stayin Alive by the Bee Gees
What is the range for a normal resting heart rate?
What would you include in a first aid kit (list at least 3)
Band-aids, gloves, alcohol wipes, ice packs, medical tape, etc.
What does S.A.M.P.L.E. stand for in CPR?
Signs/symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Patient history, Last oral intake, and Events leading up to injury/illness.
What practice usually destroys all microorganisms in an area?
Sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization.
What type of precautions should be used every day in a health care setting? When a patient comes in with obvious signs of infection?
Hand hygiene, facial protection, gown, linens, waste disposal, etc.
What are leadership behaviors and can they be learned?
Leadership behaviors include taking the lead, helping others, and seeming in command. They can be learned.
How can you earn a patient's trust?
Build your reputation, create a seamless care, speak with a positive voice, and deliver info that patients are already seeking.
What is doctor-patient confidentiality? Does the patient have a right to sue if the confidentiality is broken, why?
Doctor-patient confidentiality is a legal concept, related to medical confidentiality, that protects communications between a patient and his or her doctor from being used against the patient in court. Yes, it can be broken when the doctor shares patient info to a third party.
How does the code of ethics of professional organizations help healthcare employees?
It helps them because it leaves no grey area for questionable workers to maneuver in.
Transfer the following times in military time:
T or F, if F fix the statement: The general adult pulse range is 60-100 bpm
T or F, if F fix the statement: Gloves, goggles, gowns, and masks aren't types of personal protective equipment.
False, Gloves, goggles, gowns, and masks ARE types of PPE
T or F, if F fix the statement: OSHA stands for Occupational Standards and Health Administration.
False. OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
T or F, if F fix the statement: CPR for a child is the same as CPR for a full-grown adult.
False, CPR for a child is NOT the same as CPR for a full-grown adult.
T or F, if F fix the statement: Egyptians were the earliest people to keep accurate health records.
T or F, if F fix the statement: Edward Jenner discovered tiny microorganisms were everywhere.
False. Louis Pasteur discovered tiny microorganisms were everywhere.
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