35 terms

Steeltown and Smurfs

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Square miles of Magnitogorsk
26.7 mi²
Why is Steeltown where it is, and why doesn't it matter now?
There was iron ore deposits, but by 1970 they were all gone
Quantity was ____ and quality was ____ of the steel produced
high, low
How are goods allocated in the USSR?
goods are divided based on population to all cities
What problem is made by keeping necessary good prices low?
shortages and unspendable money
If the price controls were lifted, ____ would result.
inflation
What causes difficulties in obtaining goods?
Suppliers are hard to find since foreign producers aren't motivated to trade, and local producers are exporting to make more money
Consumer goods are ____ percent of output
2
The two biggest problems reported by Sergei Chudinov are
poor work conditions and poor environment quality
How many deaths over three years before publication?
27
How many years does the average person work there?
25-30 years tops
there is (much/no) interest in producting
no
How far behind are they compared to us according to an American journalist?
Forever
How is performance measured in Magnitogorsk?
Raw output weight
How must steel customers handle the heavy steel?
machining it down themselves
Why can't the Soviets export more steel?
people don't want it
How did the poor steel affect the manufacturing process?
hindered it since their machinery was made of the low quality steel
The Soviet Union plant has ____ times as many workers per unit output than in Gary Indiana, and why?
over 4x, lack of technology
Many cooperatives that began forming failed for what reason?
they couldn't get steel easily from the state
What does the Soviet's ventures into space say about their country, all things considered?
they chose rockets over butter
____% of Soviet's economy is heavy machinery
75
What is the Russian economy now?
more market based, buyouts of shares
Magnitogorsk means what?
magnetic mountain
____ people live in the USSR, and ____% live in cities.
285, 67
In 1929, they made ____% of the USSR steel
10
In the 1930s, they worked (long/short) hours with (many/few) city resources.
long, few
The Magnitogorsk plant produced ____% of Soviet armory
50
As late as the 1960s, many lived in what housing structure?
barracks
How is Magnitogorsk now?
poor living conditions, corruption, housing crisis, dirty air
Foreign workers in USSR lived where?
amerikana
Who was John Scott?
Wisconsin man who went to the USSR hoping to avoid the Great Depression, now works for CIA and preaches against communism
In addition to the steel, how did their market structures in the USSR help them defeat the Nazis?
tough workers!
The author was in Magnitogorsk for how long (record length of time)
45 years
Kotlin was treated (well/poor) by the citizens and (trusted/untrusted) by the government.
well, untrusted
In the Soviet way, unemployment was (none/high), goods were (scarce, very scarce), fears were (high/low), there were (many/no) restaurants.
none, very scarce, low, no