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Which is not true of Anti-Federalists?

They were often financiers and others in cities and nearby rural areas.

What state had the largest African-American population in 1790?


Which was not an attribute of the new nation?

The federal government made the laws and states enforced them

Shays's Rebellion in late 1786 and early 1787 was a rebellion of

debt-ridden farmers who closed the courts in western Massachusetts.

Federalism refers to

the relationship between state and national governments.

Which is not true of the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution?

They assert that presidents are to make declarations of war.

In James Madison's view in The Federalist, the "first object of government" is

the protection of property rights.

The U.S. Constitution

is a purely secular document that contains one reference to God and bars religious tests for federal officeholders

Which of the following was not a feature of the new federal Constitution?

Congress was empowered to abolish slavery in the United States—but not before 1808

The costliest loss of human life suffered by the U.S. Army in warfare against Indians in American history, with 630 dead, occurred

in the Ohio Valley in an attack by the Miami Confederacy led by Little Turtle

One of the leading Federalist thinkers was

James Madison

Which was not a characteristic of the Articles of Confederation?

Each state had two votes in the upper chamber and votes in the lower chamber were proportionately distributed by population.

Which of the following was not an element of western policy under the Articles of Confederation?

procedures for the naturalization of Indians as American citizens

Today the U.S. House of Representatives has 435 members, but initially it had

65 members

The "father of the Constitution" was

James Madison

The 1787 Northwest Ordinance prohibited


The eighty-five essays published by "Publius" and gathered into a book in 1788 was entitled

The Federalist.

Define "secular."

not pertaining to or connected with religion

Which of the following was not a key principle embedded in the Bill of Rights?

free public education

Who, out of the following, helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris of 1783?

Benjamin Franklin

The plan at the Constitutional Convention that proposed creation of a bicameral legislature with representation in each house determined by each state's population was

the Virginia Plan.

Which state was not eventually created from the region delimited by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?


Which of the following was not a feature of the new federal Constitution?

Congress was empowered to abolish slavery in the United States—but not before 1808.

In James Madison's view in The Federalist, the nation's large size both geographically and in terms of its population was

a source of stability.

Who wrote, "The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants"?

Thomas Jefferson

Define "prohibited."


Under the rule of the U.S. Constitution, which remains in the hands of the states?


Initially—and until the Fourteenth Amendment (1868)—the rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Bill of Rights

applied only to the federal government and its laws, not to the states.

What state had the largest slave population in 1790?


Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had the power to

declare war.

What state had the largest free black population in 1790?


The U.S. Constitution provides that the President is to be elected

by an electoral college.

Which two states voted against ratification?

Rhode Island and North Carolina

Which of the following was not a feature of the emerging rivalry between Republicans and Federalists during Washington's presidency?

The two parties differed sharply on domestic affairs, but hardly at all on foreign affairs.

What was called the Second War of Independence?

the War of 1812

Which of the following was not a major development during Jefferson's presidency?

an act declaring all Indian lands between the Appalachian mountains and the Mississippi River off-limits to white settlement

The two political parties of the mid-1790s were the

Republicans and Federalists.

George Washington was elected the first President of the United States

unanimously by the electors of the Electoral College.

Which was not true of the Republican Party in the early Republic?

They were more sympathetic to England than were the Federalists.

The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, written respectively by Madison and Jefferson, attacked what federal law?

Sedition Act

The War of 1812 was ended by what treaty?

by the Treaty of Ghent in December 1814

Which was not true of the Embargo Act of 1807?

It banned trade only with Britain and France.

Who was the great war hero to emerge from the War of 1812?

Andrew Jackson

With the Louisiana Purchase,

the size of the nation was doubled.

Which was not part of Fries's Rebellion of 1799?

John Fries, a local militia leader and auctioneer, was hanged.

Which was not true of Gabriel's Rebellion in 1800?

It was led by Toussant L'Ouverture

By 1798, the United States and what country were engaged in a "quasi-war"?


The "Revolution of 1800" was

the peaceful transfer of the office of the presidency between political parties.

By 1807, at the time the Congress enacted the Embargo Act, how many American sailors had the British impressed?

over 6,000

"Impressment," as practiced by the British, was

kidnapping sailors

Which was not part of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton's financial plan of 1790-1791?

cease the tax on whiskey

Which was not true of the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794?

Six leaders of the Whiskey Rebellion were hanged.

Which was not true of the Federalist Party?

They favored Jefferson's view of the Constitution.

Which of the following was not an underlying purpose of Hamilton's financial program of 1790-1791?

to restrain industrial development

Which of the following policies of President Adams was not a major point of partisan controversy?

his handling of Indian relations

Among the more memorable passages of Jefferson's first inaugural address is the following:

"We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists".

In the "XYZ" affair of 1797

French officials presented American diplomats with a demand for bribes.

"The Star-Spangled Banner," written by Frances Scott Key, commemorates what event in the War of 1812?

Fort McHenry's ability to withstand the British bombardment

Which case established "judicial review"?

Marbury v. Madison

On their journey of exploration from Missouri to Oregon, Lewis and Clark were accompanied by the Indian interpreter


Who killed the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury in a duel?

Aaron Burr

Most of the labor in building the public buildings of the national government in Washington, D.C. was done by


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