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62 terms

Chapter 7 and 8 test

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Which is not true of Anti-Federalists?
They were often financiers and others in cities and nearby rural areas.
What state had the largest African-American population in 1790?
Virginia
Which was not an attribute of the new nation?
The federal government made the laws and states enforced them
Shays's Rebellion in late 1786 and early 1787 was a rebellion of
debt-ridden farmers who closed the courts in western Massachusetts.
Federalism refers to
the relationship between state and national governments.
Which is not true of the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution?
They assert that presidents are to make declarations of war.
In James Madison's view in The Federalist, the "first object of government" is
the protection of property rights.
The U.S. Constitution
is a purely secular document that contains one reference to God and bars religious tests for federal officeholders
Which of the following was not a feature of the new federal Constitution?
Congress was empowered to abolish slavery in the United States—but not before 1808
The costliest loss of human life suffered by the U.S. Army in warfare against Indians in American history, with 630 dead, occurred
in the Ohio Valley in an attack by the Miami Confederacy led by Little Turtle
One of the leading Federalist thinkers was
James Madison
Which was not a characteristic of the Articles of Confederation?
Each state had two votes in the upper chamber and votes in the lower chamber were proportionately distributed by population.
Which of the following was not an element of western policy under the Articles of Confederation?
procedures for the naturalization of Indians as American citizens
Today the U.S. House of Representatives has 435 members, but initially it had
65 members
The "father of the Constitution" was
James Madison
The 1787 Northwest Ordinance prohibited
slavery.
The eighty-five essays published by "Publius" and gathered into a book in 1788 was entitled
The Federalist.
Define "secular."
not pertaining to or connected with religion
Which of the following was not a key principle embedded in the Bill of Rights?
free public education
Who, out of the following, helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris of 1783?
Benjamin Franklin
The plan at the Constitutional Convention that proposed creation of a bicameral legislature with representation in each house determined by each state's population was
the Virginia Plan.
Which state was not eventually created from the region delimited by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
Kentucky
Which of the following was not a feature of the new federal Constitution?
Congress was empowered to abolish slavery in the United States—but not before 1808.
In James Madison's view in The Federalist, the nation's large size both geographically and in terms of its population was
a source of stability.
Who wrote, "The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants"?
Thomas Jefferson
Define "prohibited."
forbidden
Under the rule of the U.S. Constitution, which remains in the hands of the states?
education
Initially—and until the Fourteenth Amendment (1868)—the rights guaranteed to American citizens in the Bill of Rights
applied only to the federal government and its laws, not to the states.
What state had the largest slave population in 1790?
Virginia
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had the power to
declare war.
What state had the largest free black population in 1790?
Virginia
The U.S. Constitution provides that the President is to be elected
by an electoral college.
Which two states voted against ratification?
Rhode Island and North Carolina
Which of the following was not a feature of the emerging rivalry between Republicans and Federalists during Washington's presidency?
The two parties differed sharply on domestic affairs, but hardly at all on foreign affairs.
What was called the Second War of Independence?
the War of 1812
Which of the following was not a major development during Jefferson's presidency?
an act declaring all Indian lands between the Appalachian mountains and the Mississippi River off-limits to white settlement
The two political parties of the mid-1790s were the
Republicans and Federalists.
George Washington was elected the first President of the United States
unanimously by the electors of the Electoral College.
Which was not true of the Republican Party in the early Republic?
They were more sympathetic to England than were the Federalists.
The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, written respectively by Madison and Jefferson, attacked what federal law?
Sedition Act
The War of 1812 was ended by what treaty?
by the Treaty of Ghent in December 1814
Which was not true of the Embargo Act of 1807?
It banned trade only with Britain and France.
Who was the great war hero to emerge from the War of 1812?
Andrew Jackson
With the Louisiana Purchase,
the size of the nation was doubled.
Which was not part of Fries's Rebellion of 1799?
John Fries, a local militia leader and auctioneer, was hanged.
Which was not true of Gabriel's Rebellion in 1800?
It was led by Toussant L'Ouverture
By 1798, the United States and what country were engaged in a "quasi-war"?
France
The "Revolution of 1800" was
the peaceful transfer of the office of the presidency between political parties.
By 1807, at the time the Congress enacted the Embargo Act, how many American sailors had the British impressed?
over 6,000
"Impressment," as practiced by the British, was
kidnapping sailors
Which was not part of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton's financial plan of 1790-1791?
cease the tax on whiskey
Which was not true of the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794?
Six leaders of the Whiskey Rebellion were hanged.
Which was not true of the Federalist Party?
They favored Jefferson's view of the Constitution.
Which of the following was not an underlying purpose of Hamilton's financial program of 1790-1791?
to restrain industrial development
Which of the following policies of President Adams was not a major point of partisan controversy?
his handling of Indian relations
Among the more memorable passages of Jefferson's first inaugural address is the following:
"We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists".
In the "XYZ" affair of 1797
French officials presented American diplomats with a demand for bribes.
"The Star-Spangled Banner," written by Frances Scott Key, commemorates what event in the War of 1812?
Fort McHenry's ability to withstand the British bombardment
Which case established "judicial review"?
Marbury v. Madison
On their journey of exploration from Missouri to Oregon, Lewis and Clark were accompanied by the Indian interpreter
Sacajawea.
Who killed the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury in a duel?
Aaron Burr
Most of the labor in building the public buildings of the national government in Washington, D.C. was done by
slaves.