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US History Chapter 7
Terms in this set (54)
A close alliance of states
changes or additions to the Constitution
Having one congress
Having two congresses
The new lands that were divided into townships of thirty-six sections or lots of one square mile.
May 25, 1787
The day the Constitutional Convention opened
James Madison's plan that wanted two houses (bicameral) with representation based on state population
New Jersey Plan
James Patterson's plan that wanted one house (unicameral) with each state having one vote.
Sherman's compromise that narrowly salvaged both the convention and the constitution.
the conspiracy that was sparked because people wanted their back pay, and some wanted to establish a new government under a king.
US government paper money
the underlying theme of the Constitution
blacks were given a bit more freedom, because they were declared to be three-fifths of a person.
The Electoral College
the indirect means used to elect the president
April 30, 1789
George Washington was inaugurated to office
Another name for the last minor state to ratify the Constitution
the division of power
gold or silver used as money
Checks and Balances
principles that balanced the power of the three branches of the government
the idea that the ultimate source of government power is vested in the people
A Massachusetts farmer who tried to close the courts in the western part of the state, beginning a rebellion
Had a plan for dividing the Northwest Territory into ten states
Alexander Hamilton's pen name
Led the anti-federalists of Virginia with his fiery oratory; did NOT write the Federalist papers
"Father of the Constitution"
George Clinton's pen name, which he used to denounce the Constitution
Used the pen name "Cato", which he used to denounce the Constitution
used the pen name "Publius"
The first vice president of the United States
He had often wondered whether it was a rising or a setting sun planted behind the presidents chair, and was happy to know it was a rising sun.
Made a deep quote about the Constitution
His compromise saved the Constitutional Convention and the Constitution
Because it failed to guarantee civil liberties, he said that he would sooner chop off his right hand than sign the Constitution
Headed the committee that wrote the Articles of Confederation
President of the Congress in 1776, and also the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
said that he doubted whether one single law of any lawgiver, ancient or modern, has produced effects of more lasting character than the ordinance of 1987.
Ordinance of 1784
Wanted to create 10 states, end slavery and give away the land to settlers.
Land Ordinance of 1785
It said nothing about the creation of states, nothing about slavery, and supported selling off the land.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Wanted to be able to establish territories as well as states, banned slaver and sell the land.
it was an effort to settle dispute over trade
an effort to solve the weaknesses of the Constitution
A series of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution
Articles of Confederation
1st American Constitution
Treaty of Paris
the most important treaty- was the precursor to American liberty
Separation of Power
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
What was the preface to the Constitution called?
Virginia and New York
the last two major states to ratify the Constitution
the greatest contribution to political thought
Also known as Rogue Island, AKA the last state to ratify the Constitution
They were jealous of each other
the reason the certain colonies wanted to make a weak government
Banning Slavery after 20 years
The only of the 4 options given that was not in the Confederation
House of Representatives
House elected by the people
the region most concerned about granting government control over trade
a principle not mentioned in the Constitution
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History Ch. 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16
History Chapter 5,6, & 7
US History Chapter 8
US History Chapter 10
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