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17 terms

Chapter 8 key terms

Key terms to study for the Chapter 8 quiz
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Weak Central government
What the Articles of Confederation made by design to prevent abuses by the central government
The Articles of Confederation
The 1st Constitution for the United States. It created a loose alliance of 13 nation-states
National Congress
A common feature of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
Strong Executive and Court system
elements of government lacking under the Articles of Confederation
Legislative Branch
The law making branch of government, a common feature of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
Executive Branch
The branch of government responsible for enforcing our nations laws, absent from the Articles of Confederation.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government responsible for interpreting our nations laws and establishing a uniform system of justice. Absent from the Articles of Confederation
Small States
The states with limited populations that demanded equal representation in Congress to the more populous states
Large States
The states with large populations that demanded representation in Congress based on the size of their population.
Constitution
a set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government
Limited Government
a type of government in which its functions and powers are prescribed, limited, and restricted by law
tariff
a government tax on imports or exports
Inflation
Increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
debtors
People who owe money
Creditors
People who lend money
Depression
a long-term economic state characterized by high unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
Popular Sovereignty
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government