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Key terms to study for the Chapter 8 quiz

Weak Central government

What the Articles of Confederation made by design to prevent abuses by the central government

The Articles of Confederation

The 1st Constitution for the United States. It created a loose alliance of 13 nation-states

National Congress

A common feature of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

Strong Executive and Court system

elements of government lacking under the Articles of Confederation

Legislative Branch

The law making branch of government, a common feature of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

Executive Branch

The branch of government responsible for enforcing our nations laws, absent from the Articles of Confederation.

Judicial Branch

The branch of government responsible for interpreting our nations laws and establishing a uniform system of justice. Absent from the Articles of Confederation

Small States

The states with limited populations that demanded equal representation in Congress to the more populous states

Large States

The states with large populations that demanded representation in Congress based on the size of their population.


a set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government

Limited Government

a type of government in which its functions and powers are prescribed, limited, and restricted by law


a government tax on imports or exports


Increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money


People who owe money


People who lend money


a long-term economic state characterized by high unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment

Popular Sovereignty

The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government

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